Texas State Highway 321

Texas State Highway 321

Infobox TX State Highway

formed=by 1939
from=jct|state=TX|US|90|TX|146 at Dayton
to=jct|state=TX|TX|105|SL|573 at Cleveland

State Highway 321, or SH 321, is a north-south highway in southeastern Texas between Cleveland, starting Loop 573 in downtown and proceeding south to Dayton, where it terminates at US 90.

In Cleveland, SH 321 is also known as Houston Street, providing the main street for downtown Cleveland. It is a two lane urban highway with a left turn lane as it travels throughout Cleveland, until roughly 3/4 of a mile northeast of the city limit. From Loop 573, on southward until junction with SH 105, SH 321 is also known as SH 105. In the city of Dayton, it is referred to as North Cleveland Street, passing through residential Dayton as a 4-lane urban highway, before narrowing back down to a 2-lane rural State Highway.

SH 321 is part of the eastern Greater Houston area evacuation route, providing a corridor for communities such as Baytown, Kemah, and Pasadena.


Based on Handbook of Texas article about Tarkington Prairie, SH 321 is believed to cover part of the Nacogdoches-Lynchburg trail, being the Old Wells store (as it is referred to on the historical marker) sits along the trail, and SH 321 runs directly in front of the building.

Historical markers

*Old Wells Store, Tarkington Prairie: Roughly 7 miles southeast of Cleveland where CR 2274 meets SH 321.
*Burton B. Tarkington, Tarkington Prairie: Roughly 5.5 miles southeast of Cleveland in front of the Tarkington Volunteer Fire Department, near CR 2249 and CR 2250 on SH 321.
*John Cherry, Ryan Cemetery: on SH 321, 13 miles southeast of Cleveland.

Route Description

The southern terminus of SH 321 is at US 90 near downtown Dayton. As its travels north, it carries the street name North Cleveland Street, immediately north of US 90 is the Union Pacific Lafayette subdivision, which SH 321 crosses by an underpass under the railroad right of way. FM 1960 terminates at the next intersection, as well as is the southern terminus of FM 1008. SH 321 continues northward through the neighborhoods of Dayton as a 4-lane highway, eventually changing to a 2-lane rural road, then has 2 directional overpasses over the Union Pacific Beaumont subdivision rail line. The eastern terminus of FM 686 occurs just inside the northern edge of Dayton city limit. To the west of SH 321 is 3 Texas Department of Criminal Justice units; Plane State Jail, Henley State Jail, and the Hightower Unit. The road continues north through rural Liberty County and meets again with the northern terminus of FM 1008. Continuing north SH 321 passes FM 163, and a mile later becomes a concurrent route with SH 105. As it joins SH 105, the route turns west then northwest as it approaches the city of Cleveland, where is it known as Houston Street. As it nears the terminus, the route passes FM 787 and FM 1010. One block before the terminus in downtown Cleveland the route crosses Burlington Northern Santa Fe Conroe Rail line. SH 321 then reaches its terminus at Loop 573, while SH 105 turns south and become concurrent with Loop 573.cite map|url=http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&hl=en&geocode=15643432477381638051,30.043990,-94.890030%3B12601329175038026814,30.343130,-95.089890&saddr=N+Cleveland+St%2FTX-321+%4030.043990,+-94.890030&daddr=W+Houston+St%2FTX-105%2FTX-321+%4030.343130,+-95.089890&doflg=ptm&sll=30.19356,-94.98996&sspn=0.340662,0.752563&ie=UTF8&z=11|title=Overview Map of SH 321|publisher=Google Maps|accessdate=2008-03-04]

Ghost towns

Martha is on State Highway 321, three miles north of Dayton.

Lyric was 3.5 miles south of the route of present-day SH 321, ten miles east of Cleveland.

Macedonia is five miles northeast of the junction of SH 321 and FM 1008 sixteen miles northwest of Liberty.


There is currently a proposal for a new loop around Cleveland, Loop 105, that will start near the SE city limit of Cleveland on SH 321 and travel to the south west, intersecting with US 59 and coming back NW back to SH 105, west of Cleveland.

The Cleveland Advocate [http://www.hcnonline.com/site/news.asp?brd=1574&nav_sec=69987] , July 24, 2007 edition, gives an update of the status and also includes more detail of the route of the bypass. [http://www.hcnonline.com/site/index.cfm?newsid=18620304&BRD=1574&PAG=461&dept_id=532207&rfi=8]

Groundbreaking is expected February or March 2008, with an expected 4.5 years to completion. Total cost is expected to be in the area of 48 million dollars, as of late 2007. [http://www.hcnonline.com/site/news.cfm?newsid=19146093&BRD=1574&PAG=461&dept_id=532241&rfi=6]

The Houston-Galveston Area Council long term plans (by 2025) show plans to expand SH 321 to an urban four lane divided highway with left turn lane, south out of Cleveland until SH 105 cuts east (6-8 miles south of Cleveland).

Junction list


*Ghost towns
**Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "," http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/MM/hvm39.html (accessed December 24, 2006).
**Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "," http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/LL/hvlac.html (accessed December 24, 2006).
*Historical markers
**Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "," http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/TT/hrt4.html (accessed December 24, 2006).

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