- West Highland White Terrier
altname= Poltalloch Terrier
White Roseneath Terrier [ [http://www.trainpetdog.com/West-Highland-White-Terrier/about-west-highland-white-terrier.html "West Highland White Terrier: Training, History, Temperament, Exercise"] ]
akcgroup = Terrier
akcstd = http://www.akc.org/breeds/recbreeds/westie.cfm
ankcgroup = Group 2 (Terriers)
ankcstd = http://www.ankc.aust.com/westhigh.html
ckcgroup = Group 4 - Terriers
ckcstd = http://www.ckc.ca/Default.aspx?tabid=137&Breed_Code=WHW
fcigroup = 3
fcinum = 085
fcisection = 2
fcistd = http://www.dogdomain.com/FCI/fcistandards/fci-085.htm
image_caption = A West Highland White Terrier.
kcukgroup = Terrier
kcukstd = http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/item/89
name = West Highland White Terrier
nickname = Westie (or Westy)
nzkcgroup = Terrier
nzkcstd = http://www.nzkc.org.nz/br288.html
ukcgroup = Terriers
ukcstd = http://mail.ukcdogs.com/UKCweb.nsf/80de88211ee3f2dc8525703f004ccb1e/c71811f711f052f68525704d006a8a37?OpenDocument| West Highland White Terriers, commonly known as Westies, are a breed of
dogknown for their distinctive white coat. [ [http://www.petpublishing.com/dogken/breeds/westie.shtml "Distinctive white coat"] : quote from "West Highland White Terriers - Good Dogs Wear White" article ("Dog & Kennel Magazine", online edition). Retrieved on January 11 2008.] This breed is commonly recognised through its use as a mascotfor "Black & White" (a brand of Scotch whisky), and on the packaging of Cesar brand dog food. cite web |url=http://www.cesar.ca/index.aspx#null,null,null,productindex |title=Cesar Living Products |publisher=Cesar.com |accessdate=2007-12-02]
Westie Terriers have bright, deep-set eyes; these tend to be dark, with a "piercing" look. Their ears are generally small, pointed, and erect.cite web |url=http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/item/89 |title=West Highland White Terrier Breed Standard |publisher=The
Kennel Club|date= 2006-05-10|accessdate=2007-12-02]
They typically weigh from 15 to 20 lbs for male dogs and 13 to 16 lbs for female dogs and their average height is 9 to 11 inches (28 cm) at the
withers. The Kennel Club has recommended that their tails, typically "carrot-shaped", should never be docked. [http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/westhighland.htm] > The tail should be between 5-6 inches.
They also have deep chests, muscular limbs, a huge skull, a short and a closely fitted jaw with "scissors" bite (lower canines locked in front of upper canines, upper incisors locked over lower incisors).cite web |url=http://www.westieclubamerica.com/breed/standard.html |title=American Kennel Club Official Breed Standard |publisher=West Highland White Terrier Club of America |date=
1989-02-01|accessdate=2007-12-02] Their teeth generally appear quite large for the size of the dog. Westies have a very strong bone structure for their size.
They have a soft, dense undercoat and a rough outer coat, about 2 inches long, that requires regular grooming. Some Westies have "wheaten tippings" on their backs, though for individuals put forward for conformation showing this can be regarded as undesirable.
breedtends to shed. [http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/westhighland.htm Dog Breed Info: West Highlands - Retrieved September 7, 2008] ] (see Moult).
Their paws are slightly webbed and thickly padded.
Westies are prone to allergies and dry skin issues, and bathing too frequently may aggravate these problems. Washing once a month or on a longer interval will generally not cause issues. However, frequent brushings are needed to keep the coat clean and oils evenly distributed throughout the coat. Washing with a detergent-free, baby-oriented, or another soft skin shampoo will help keep a Westie's skin hydrated. Weekly washing of the inside of the ears with cotton balls will prevent oil and wax build-up and ear infections.
Like most other dogs, these terriers generally require 13 hours of sleep out of every 24. Westies will usually conform to the sleep patterns of their human companions, and take several naps during the day as well, to accrue their needed sleep.
West Highland White Terrier puppies may be affected by a disease known as
craniomandibular osteopathy, known colloquially as "Lion Jaw". The disease has a genetic component: it is an autosomal recessivecondition i.e. for a puppy to be affected by the disease, both the parents must be carriers of the faulty gene. With this disease, the only current way to identify carrier breeding stock is if an affected puppy is produced. Therefore, breeders may be unaware that breeding stock are carriers until an affected puppy is born.
Craniomandibular osteopathy is a non-neoplastic proliferative disease of the ventral
mandibular ramus, occipital base of the skull and tympanic bullae, characterised by excessive bone deposition in these areas. In most incidences, the defect is bilateral, although this is not always the case. The disease varies in severity, the region(s) affected and the individual pain threshold of the affected puppy. Definitive diagnosis is achieved by radiographicexamination.
Craniomandibular osteopathy is extremely painful to the puppy: affected puppies will most likely display signs of pain or discomfort, such as yelping, when their head is touched and when chewing or eating. The puppy may be lethargic and be reluctant to eat as a result. The condition usually manifests when the puppy is c. 3-6 months of age, and regresses spontaneously by c. 12 months of age. Treatment of the disease is concerned with managing the symptoms and providing appropriate
analgesiato improve quality of life and enable the puppy to eat until the disease resolves spontaneously. Corticosteroidsare the usual therapeutic agents used to manage the disease. The exact treatment protocol depends on the severity, localisation and pain sensitivity of the affected puppy. In extreme cases, euthanasiamay be required.
Westies are descended from
Cairn Terriers, who occasionally whelped white puppies naturally, and Scottish Terriers; who also occasionally produced white offspring. White offspring from other terriers such as the Bedlington Terrierand Dandie Dinmont Terrierwere occasionally introduced to the bloodline for desired characteristics, but this practice generally stopped in the 1850s.
Some sources also credit Colonel Edward Donald Malcolm and his kin of
Poltalloch, in the Argyllregion of western Scotlandas an originator of this breed in the 1800s. Other sources credit the 8th Duke of Argyll (Chieftain of Clan Campbell) as an originator of the breed. However, there may have been some cooperation between the two gentlemen. It may have taken as long as a hundred years of selective breeding to produce all the desired qualities. Their white coat made them highly visible when hunting on the Scottish moors and easily distinguished them from their game (this was an extremely important factor because hunters sometimes mistook brown dogs for foxes, and shot them). They also possess a sturdy frame.
Originally the breed was known as the "Poltalloch Terrier" (after the name of Malcolm's home); they were also known as the "Roseneath Terrier" (after the name of Argyll's home; see
Rosneath), "White Roseneath Terrier", and at the end of the 19th century, briefly as a white variety of the Scottish Terrier.
Westies are bred for hunting. Their prey is usually small animals such as rabbits, squirrels and mice, but they were also used to hunt foxes and badgers. Young females are known as the keenest hunters. Ideally, a prospective owner should buy two males for company, as males often get lonely.
*"Pet Owner's Guide to the West Highland White Terrier", Sheila Cleland (Ringpress Books Ltd 1995), ISBN 1860540155.
*"A New Owner's Guide to West Highland White Terriers", Dawn Martin (TFH Publications 1996), ISBN 0793827655.
*"Guide to Owning a West Highland White Terrier", Martin Wallace (TFH Publications 1996), ISBN 0793818656.
*"The West Highland White Terrier: An Owner's Guide to a Happy Healthy Pet", Seymour N. Weiss (Howell Book House Inc 1996), ISBN 0876054947.
*"West Highland White Terrier", Penelope Ruggles-Smythe (Interpret Publishing 1999), ISBN 1902389123.
*"West Highland White Terrier: An Owner's Guide", Robert Killick (Collins 2003), ISBN 000717831X.
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