Disk array

Disk array
Hewlett-Packard disk arrays: HASS (top) and NIKE (OEM'd Data General SCSI Clariion)
EMC CLARiiON CX500 (Cover removed on one Shelf)
EMC Symmetrix DMX1000

A disk array is a disk storage system which contains multiple disk drives. It is differentiated from a disk enclosure, in that an array has cache memory and advanced functionality, like RAID and virtualization.

Components of a typical disk array include:

Typically a disk array provides increased availability, resiliency and maintainability by using additional, redundant components (controllers, power supplies, fans, etc.), often up to the point when all single points of failure (SPOFs) are eliminated from the design. Additionally those components are often hot-swappable.

Typically, disk arrays are divided into categories:

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