- Kingswear railway station
name = Kingswear
Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railway
start = 1864
events = Opened
platforms = 2
Kingswear railway station is the terminus of the
Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railway, a heritage railwayin Devon, England. It is situated in the centre of Kingswear, on the shores of the River Dartopposite Dartmouth.
The station has level access to the street and is adjacent to Yacht Club Hotel, the pontoon for the
Dartmouth Passenger Ferry, and the slipwayof the Dartmouth Lower Ferry.
The railway to
Kingswearwas built by the Dartmouth and Torbay Railway, opening on 16 August 1864.cite book| last = Potts| first = C R| title = The Newton Abbot to Kingswear Railway (1844 - 1988)| publisher = Oakwood Press| date = 1998| location = Oxford| id = ISBN 0-853613-87-7] The original aim had been to reach Dartmouth but the railway station in that town, which sold train tickets and processed parcels but lacked platforms and trains, was only ever reached by ferry. The railway company opened the Yacht Club Hotel at the southern end of the station in 1866, intended mainly for passengers on the ocean-going ships that called at Dartmouth at that time.
Goods trains were run to Kingswear from
2 April 1866and these proved to be of great importance, not just in shipping goods out by sea, but also in carrying coal landed at Kingswear to the gas worksat Hollacombe between Paignton and Torquay railway stations.
The Dartmouth and Torbay Railway was always operated by the
South Devon Railway Companyand was amalgamated with it on 1 January 1872. This was only short lived as the South Devon Railway was in turn amalgamated into the Great Western Railwayon 1 February 1876. The line had been built using the RailGauge|84 broad gauge, but on 21 May 1892was closed for the weekend to be converted to RailGauge|ussg standard gauge; the 28 men responsible for the work in the area were accommodated in the station's goods shed, which was situated on the river side of the main station train shed. New sidings were laid in 1894 and a signal boxopened to control the trains; the following year more sidings were laid on land reclaimed from the river north of the station and a long footbridge constructed over the station to carry a footpath to the shore of the river.
The railway originally approached the station across three creeks on low timber viaducts. Those at Longwood and Noss being demolished after the line was moved inland around the creeks on
20 May 1923, and Hoodown Viaduct, just outside the station, was replaced by a double-track steel structure in 1928. This and the provision of a larger turntable enabled larger locomotives to work through to Kingswear. The platform was extended in 1929 to convert|850|ft|m|0 which allowed longer trains too.
The Great Western Railway was nationalised into
British Railwaysin 1948. The signal box was given a new lever frame in 1960 but the run down of services soon commenced. The wharf was closed to freight traffic on 4 May 1964and ordinary goods traffic was withdrawn on 14 June 1965.cite book| last = Oakley| first = Mike| title = Devon Railway Stations| publisher = The Dovecote Press| date = 2007| location = Wimbourne| id = ISBN 1-904349-55-6]
Except for peak season trains, most services from
18 April 1966operated as a shuttle service from Paignton; Sunday trains were withdrawn from 24 September 1967, although some were run during the summer of the following year. On 20 October 1968the signal box was closed and the following month it was formally proposed that the line from Paignton should be closed entirely but instead, on 30 December 1972, the line was sold to the Dart Valley Railway, which operated a nearby heritage railwayat Buckfastleigh. The Royal Dart Hotel was sold by the Dart Valley Railway into private hands in 1979, the revenue from this and other property sales going along way to repaying the £275,000 paid to British Rail for the line.
The second platform track was reinstated in 1976, points around the station being controlled by local ground frames. Since 1990 electric multiple aspect signals have been controlled from the signalling panel at Britannia Crossing.
The southern end of the platform and tracks is covered by a rare wooden convert|100|ft|m|0
train shed, with a more conventional canopy extending further along the platform. The entrance to the station opens onto the main platform within the train shed; trains stop further along the platform to the right to allow the locomotive to run around the train using the crossover at this end of the platform track. The bay platform does not have a locomotive release road and so is only used for occasional departures that have been shunted onto this line to free up the main platform for a second train.
The old goods yard between the station and the waterfront is now a car park and boat storage; the long footbridge at the north end of the station is not connected to the platforms but instead carry a footpath from the main road across to the waterfront. Another car park at the north end of the station is on the site of the turntable and carriage sidings. A few sidings have been retained opposite the platform and alongside the line towards Britannia Crossing, the
level crossingthat leads down to the Dartmouth Higher Ferryand is the site of the railway's signalling centre.
A seasonal service of steam hauled trains operates to and from Paignton.
*cite book| last = Beck| first = Keith| coauthor = Copsey, John| title = The Great Western in South Devon| publisher = Wild Swan Publication| date = 1990| location = Didcot| id = ISBN 0-906867-90-8
*cite book| last = Cooke| first = RA| title = Track Layout Diagrams of the GWR and BR WR, Section 14: South Devon| publisher = RA Cooke| date = 1984| location = Harwell
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.