- Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service (RNNAS)
caption=The RNoNAS' main aircraft in 1940 - the
Høver M.F. 11
Royal Norwegian Navy
battles=World War II:
Battle of the Atlantic
The Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service ("Marinens Flyvevesen") was alongside the
Norwegian Army Air Servicethe forerunner to the modern-day Royal Norwegian Air Force. [Official Norwegian Defence Force website: [http://www.mil.no/luft/start/omlf/historikk/ History of the Royal Norwegian Air Force] no icon]
The RNNAS was established on
1 June 1912, [Official Norwegian Defence Force website: [http://www.mil.no/luft/start/omlf/historikk/article.jhtml?articleID=14824 The first military flight in Norway] no icon] with the maiden flight of the HNoMS Start, piloted by Hans Dons. The founding of the Air Service was based largely on pride. On 19 April1912 newspapers had reported that a Swedish pilot was planning to fly over Moss and Horten. Horten was the site of the main base of the Royal Norwegian Navy. Three officers of the Norwegian submarine HNoMS Kobben (A-1)decided that it would be a shame if they were not able to beat him to it.
Later that year, the
Maurice Farmanbiplanes "Njaal" and "Gange Rolf" were purchased.
In 1915 the Navy established its own plane factory and a pilot school.
The main flight base was established in Horten. Other naval air stations were established in
Kristiansandin 1918, Bergen in 1919 and in Tromsøshortly before the invasion in 1940.
World War II
The Norwegian Campaign
In 1940 most of the planes in Norwegian service were outdated, and the 1 100 transport and figher planes of the
Luftwaffesoon gained air superiority. The armed resistance in Norway was abandoned 9 June1940, although some Norwegians would continue the fight abroad. The aircraft of the Norwegian Naval Airforce were the only ones which had the range to fly all the way from the remaining bases in Northern Norway to Britain. Amongst the Norwegian aircraft which reached Britain were four German made Heinkel He 115 sea planes, a fifth escaping to Finland. Three Høver M.F. 11maritime reconnaissance aircraft also made it to Finland, landing on Lake Salmijärvi in Petsamoon 8 June. Six He 115s were bought before the war, and another two were captured from the Germans during the Norwegian Campaign. A captured Arado Ar 196from the German heavy cruiser"Admiral Hipper" was also flown from Norway to Britain for testing.
The RNNAS in exile
The Army and Navy air forces established themselves in Britain under the command of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff. Norwegian air and ground crews operated as part of the British Royal Air Force, both in wholly Norwegian squadrons, and in others. The first exile air unit was the 330 Squadron equipped with Northrop torpedo-bombers. This squadron was established in the autumn of 1940 and was operating from Akureyri, Iceland, from July 1941. On 28 January 1943 the entire squadron relocated to Oban, Scotlandwhere it began to re-equip with Short Sunderlands. The second maritime squadron was the 333 squadron established in 1943 in Woodhaven, Scotland equipped with Catalina sea planes and Mosquito fighter-bombers. At the start of the war, Norwegian personnel received flight training at Toronto, Canada, at a facility now known as Toronto City Centre Airport. The advantage of this site was its' ability to provide both basic flight and seaplane training. Although the airport is located on an island in the harbour, personnel were housed in barracks on the mainland, in a neighbourhood which is still known today as Little Norway. On 10 May 1945the Mosquitos were formed into a third separate squadron - 334 Squadron. Both planes and running costs were financed by the exiled Norwegian government.
The Royal Norwegian Air Force
The Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service ceased to exist on
10 November 1944when the Royal Norwegian Air Forcewas established.
In honour of the achievements of the RNoAF Squadrons of the WWII The Royal Norwegian Air Force has maintained the RAF squadron names. Thus Norway still has 330 and 333 squadrons, respectively flying Sea King helicopters and Orion Maritime Patrol Aircraft. 334 Squadron is currently deactivated and is going to reform with NH90
utility helicopters sometime in 2007.
Norwegian Army Air Service
Royal Norwegian Air Force
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