- Aras River
Infobox_River | river_name = Aras
caption = Aras River,
Nakhichevan, Azerbaijanto the right and Iranto the left.
Erzurum Province, Turkey
Turkey, Armenia, Iran, Azerbaijan
length = 1,072 kilometers (665 miles)
elevation = N/A
mouth_elevation = N/A
discharge = N/A
watershed = N/A
The Aras (also known as Araks, Arax, Araxi, Araxes, Araz, or Yeraskh; _hy. Արաքս, _fa. ارس, _tr. Aras, _az. Araz, _ku. Aras or Araz; _ru. Аракс) is a river located in and along the countries of
Turkey, Armenia, Iran, and Azerbaijan. Its total length is 1,072 kilometers (665 miles). Given its length and a basin that covers an area of 102,000 km², it is one of the largest rivers of the Caucasus.
The Aras River rises near
Erzurum, Turkey. It meets with the Akhurian Riversoutheast of Digor, flows along the Turkish-Armenian border, and then near a corridor that connects Turkey to Azerbaijan's Nakhichevanexclave. It then flows along the Iranian-Nakhichevan and the Iranian-Armenian border. The river then flows along the border between Iran and the main territory of Azerbaijan and then turns into Azerbaijan to meet with the Kura Riverat the village of Sabirabad. It then directly flows into the Caspian Sea. About 101,937 km² of the Araz River basin is located in Azerbaijan.Fact|date=July 2007
The Zangmar, Sariso, Ghotour River, Hajilar River, Kalibar River, Ilghena River, Darreh River and Balha River are the major tributaries of the Aras from the south (right). In Turkey the Ghareso river flows in on the left side. The Akhurian, Metsamor, Hrazdan, Azat, Vedi, Arpa, Vorotan, Voghdji and Megri rivers flow in from the Armenian north side (left). The Khachin River, Okhchi River, Kuri River and Kandlan River flow in from the Azerbaijan north side (left). [ [http://www.unece.org/env/epr/studies/armenia/chapter08.pdf (2001) "Chapter 8: Management of Water Resources and Quality" "Environmental Performance Review of Armenia" United Nations Economic Commission for Europe] ]
In Armenian tradition, the river is named after Arast, a great-grandson of the legendary Armenian patriarch
Haik.Elisabeth Bauer. "Armenia: Past and Present", p. 49. ISBN B0006EXQ9C] The name was later Hellenized to "Araxes" and was applied to the Kura-Araxes culture, a prehistoric people which flourished in the valleys of the Kura and Aras. But many times it is the Volga Riverwhich is called "Araxes" especially in Herodotus' "History" first chapter - The First of Book the Histories, Called Clio. The river is also mentioned in the last chapter of the Aeneid VIII by Virgil, as "angry at the bridge", since the Romans built a bridge over it,so that it is thereby conquered. By some, the river Aras has been associated with the otherwise unidentified Gihonand Pishonrivers mentioned in the second chapter of the Bible. ["Calumet, A. D. 1672-1757, Rosebmuller, 1768-1835, Kell, 1807-1888, and some other scholars believed the source river [for Eden] was a region of springs. The Pishon and Gihon were mountain streams. The former may have been the Phasis or Araxes, and the latter the Oxus." Duncan, George S. (October 1929) "The Birthplace of Man" "The Scientific Monthly" 29(4): pp. 359-362, p. 360 ]
In modern history, the Aras gained significance as a geographic political boundary. Under the terms of the
Treaty of Gulistanand the Treaty of Turkmenchay, the river was chosen as the border limit between the Russian and Persian Empires. Iran and the Soviet Unionlater built a joint dam on the Aras at Poldashtarea.
During the cold war some Iranian communists escaped to
USSRusing this river. Also Samad Behrangi, a left [handed] writer, is swamped in Aras.
Geography of Turkey
Geography of Armenia
Geography of Iran
Geography of Azerbaijan
Rivers and lakes in Armenia
Rivers and lakes in Azerbaijan
Nature of Azerbaijan
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