Aras River

Aras River

Infobox_River | river_name = Aras



caption = Aras River, Nakhichevan, Azerbaijan to the right and Iran to the left.
origin = Erzurum Province, Turkey
mouth = Kura river
basin_countries = Turkey, Armenia, Iran, Azerbaijan
length = 1,072 kilometers (665 miles)
elevation = N/A
mouth_elevation = N/A
discharge = N/A
watershed = N/A

The Aras (also known as Araks, Arax, Araxi, Araxes, Araz, or Yeraskh; _hy. Արաքս, _fa. ارس, _tr. Aras, _az. Araz, _ku. Aras or Araz; _ru. Аракс) is a river located in and along the countries of Turkey, Armenia, Iran, and Azerbaijan. Its total length is 1,072 kilometers (665 miles). Given its length and a basin that covers an area of 102,000 km², it is one of the largest rivers of the Caucasus.

Description

The Aras River rises near Erzurum, Turkey. It meets with the Akhurian River southeast of Digor, flows along the Turkish-Armenian border, and then near a corridor that connects Turkey to Azerbaijan's Nakhichevan exclave. It then flows along the Iranian-Nakhichevan and the Iranian-Armenian border. The river then flows along the border between Iran and the main territory of Azerbaijan and then turns into Azerbaijan to meet with the Kura River at the village of Sabirabad. It then directly flows into the Caspian Sea. About 101,937 km² of the Araz River basin is located in Azerbaijan.Fact|date=July 2007

The Zangmar, Sariso, Ghotour River, Hajilar River, Kalibar River, Ilghena River, Darreh River and Balha River are the major tributaries of the Aras from the south (right). In Turkey the Ghareso river flows in on the left side. The Akhurian, Metsamor, Hrazdan, Azat, Vedi, Arpa, Vorotan, Voghdji and Megri rivers flow in from the Armenian north side (left). The Khachin River, Okhchi River, Kuri River and Kandlan River flow in from the Azerbaijan north side (left). [ [http://www.unece.org/env/epr/studies/armenia/chapter08.pdf (2001) "Chapter 8: Management of Water Resources and Quality" "Environmental Performance Review of Armenia" United Nations Economic Commission for Europe] ]

History

In Armenian tradition, the river is named after Arast, a great-grandson of the legendary Armenian patriarch Haik.Elisabeth Bauer. "Armenia: Past and Present", p. 49. ISBN B0006EXQ9C] The name was later Hellenized to "Araxes" and was applied to the Kura-Araxes culture, a prehistoric people which flourished in the valleys of the Kura and Aras. But many times it is the Volga River which is called "Araxes" especially in Herodotus' "History" first chapter - The First of Book the Histories, Called Clio. The river is also mentioned in the last chapter of the Aeneid VIII by Virgil, as "angry at the bridge", since the Romans built a bridge over it,so that it is thereby conquered. By some, the river Aras has been associated with the otherwise unidentified Gihon and Pishon rivers mentioned in the second chapter of the Bible. ["Calumet, A. D. 1672-1757, Rosebmuller, 1768-1835, Kell, 1807-1888, and some other scholars believed the source river [for Eden] was a region of springs. The Pishon and Gihon were mountain streams. The former may have been the Phasis or Araxes, and the latter the Oxus." Duncan, George S. (October 1929) "The Birthplace of Man" "The Scientific Monthly" 29(4): pp. 359-362, p. 360 ]

In modern history, the Aras gained significance as a geographic political boundary. Under the terms of the Treaty of Gulistan and the Treaty of Turkmenchay, the river was chosen as the border limit between the Russian and Persian Empires. Iran and the Soviet Union later built a joint dam on the Aras at Poldasht area.

During the cold war some Iranian communists escaped to USSR using this river. Also Samad Behrangi, a left [handed] writer, is swamped in Aras.

ee also

* Geography of Turkey
* Geography of Armenia
* Geography of Iran
* Geography of Azerbaijan
* Rivers and lakes in Armenia
* Rivers and lakes in Azerbaijan
* Nature of Azerbaijan

Footnotes


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  • Aras River — or Araks River River in Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran. It rises in the mountains south of Erzurum, Turkey, and flows east to join the Kura River in Azerbaijan about 60 mi (95 km) from its mouth. Since a flood in 1897, a separate… …   Universalium

  • Aras Free Zone — Aras Free Trade Industrial Zone is situated in East Azarbaijan province, in the north west of Iran, adjacent to Autonomous Republic Nakhichivan, Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan. The climate is mild thanks to the Aras River and Arasbaran… …   Wikipedia

  • Aras — may refer to:*ARAS, the Archive for Research in Archetypal Symbolism *Aras Free Zone, an industrial Zone situated in north west of Iran, adjacent to Autonomous Rep. Nakhichivan, Armenia and Rep. Azerbaijan *Aras Corp, a provider of Microsoft… …   Wikipedia

  • river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… …   Universalium

  • Aras — /ah rahs / for 1; /ar euhs/ for 2, n. 1. Ancient, Araxes. a river in SW Asia, flowing from E Turkey along part of the boundary between NW Iran and Armenia and Azerbaijan into the Kura River. ab. 660 mi. (1065 km) long. 2. Class. Myth. the first… …   Universalium

  • Aras — noun A river that flows in Turkey, Armenia, Iran and Azerbaijan and empties into Kura river …   Wiktionary

  • Aras — A•ras [[t]ɑˈrɑs[/t]] n. geg a river in SW Asia, flowing from E Turkey along part of the boundary between NW Iran and Armenia and Azerbaijan into the Kura River. ab. 660 mi. (1065 km) long Ancient, Araxes …   From formal English to slang

  • Aras — /æˈræs/ (say a ras) noun a river flowing from eastern Turkey along a portion of the border between the north western Iranian region of Azerbaijan and the republic of Azerbaijan into the river Kura. About 1100 km. Ancient, Araxes /əˈræksiz (say uh …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Aras — noun a river that rises in northeastern Turkey (near the source of the Euphrates) and flows generally eastward through Armenia to the Caspian Sea; ancient name was Araxes • Syn: ↑Araxes • Instance Hypernyms: ↑river • Part Holonyms: ↑Turkey,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kura River — See Kura for other rivers called Kura. Coordinates: 39°19′32″N 49°20′07″E / 39.32556°N 49.33528°E / 39.32556; 49.33528 …   Wikipedia

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