- Snell exhibitioner
The Snell Exhibition is an annual scholarship awarded by
Balliol College, Oxfordand its recipients are referred to as Snell Exhibitioners. The award was founded by the bequest of Sir John Snellin a will that he made in 1677. It is awarded to graduates of the University of Glasgowof high academic achievement who wish to continue their studies at postgraduatelevel at Balliol - though the original stipulation was for students at Oxford, rather than Balliol in particular. It is best known for helping Adam Smithin the 18th century. Snell died on 6 August 1679, but wrangling over the will meant that it was nearly 20 years before the first scholarship were awarded. The first four Snell Exhibitioners were sent from Glasgow and admitted to Balliol in mid-1699.
Snell had been a Royalist in the Civil War, and was later secretary to the Duke of Monmouth and had the management of his Scottish estates. He intended the bequest to be used to educate Scottish clergymen for the then-established
Scottish Episcopal Church. By Adam Smith's day, the bequest was mostly regarded as an educational charity, though its exact status was not settled until later. "By the will of John Snell his exhibitors were under bond to take Anglican orders and return to Scotland, but the penalty was not enforced in the case of Adam Smith and numerous others." (Fay, quoting the Timesobituary of Smith.)
Famous Snell Exhibitioners include:
Hely Hutchinson Almond
James Stirling (mathematician)
Archibald Campbell Tait
* Professor Sir
Neil MacCormick(legal theorist)
* Sir William Hamilton
James Williams Mylne
James Gordon Howie
* [http://www.balliol.ox.ac.uk/history/miscellany/snell/ The Snell Foundation] information from Balliol College
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