Pirozhki

Pirozhki
Pirozhki
Piroshki.JPG
Pirozhki made with meat, mushroom, rice and onion stuffing.
Origin
Alternative name(s) Piroshki
Pyrizhky
Place of origin Russia
Dish details
Course served Appetizer, main, dessert
Serving temperature Warm or hot
Main ingredient(s) Yeast dough
Various fillings
Variations Multiple
Russian Pirozhki

Pirozhki (plural form of pirozhok, Russian: пирожок, пирожки), sometimes transliterated as piroshki (or pyrizhky from Ukrainian: пиріжки), is a generic word for individual-sized baked or fried buns stuffed with a variety of fillings. The stress in pirozhki is properly placed on the last syllable: [pʲiroʂˈkʲi]. Pirozhok (Russian: пирожок, singular) is the diminutive form of the Russian cognate pirog (Russian: пирог), which refers to a full-sized pie. The Russian plural of this word, pirogi (Russian: пироги, with the stress on the last syllable [pʲiroˈɡʲi][dubious ]), is not to be confused with pierogi (stress on "o" in English) in other East European cuisines, which are similar to the Russian pelmeni or Ukrainian vareniki.

A common variety of pirozhki are baked stuffed buns made from yeast dough and often glazed with egg to produce the common golden colour. They may contain sweet-based fillings such as stewed or fresh fruit (apples, cherries, apricots, chopped lemon, etc), jam, or cottage cheese; a vegetable filling (mashed potatoes, mushrooms, onions and egg, cabbage); meat or fish; an oatmeal filling mixed with meat or giblets. The buns may be plain and stuffed with the filling, or else be made in a free-form style with strips of dough decoratively encasing the filling.

Potatoes among American crops became very popular when the vegetable was brought and adopted to the Eurasian climate. Before then, the ingredient was not available as it took more time to acclimatize to continental regions like Russia and Ukraine. Before then, the ingredients would contain more vegetables and fruits, as well as duck, goose and rabbit meat, uncommon today.[citation needed]

Contents

Regional varieties

The Balkans

The Greek variety piroski (Greek: πιροσκί) is popular in parts of Greece influenced by eastern cuisine and in most big cities, where they are sold as a type of fast food. The Greek piroski come deep-fried with many different stuffings.[1]

The Baltic region

In Latvia pīrāgi (or speķa rauši, literally, "bacon tarts") are baked crescent-shaped yeast rolls traditionally filled with bacon and onion. More generally, pīrāgi refers to turnovers, filled pies, or tarts: kartupeļu pīrāgi (with potatoes), sēņu pīrāgi (with mushrooms), and kāpostu pīrāgi (with cabbage), as well as dessert versions filled with apples, rhubarb, or cottage cheese.[2]

Estonians too have this tradition. It is not similar at all to pelmeni, and is not reminiscent of a dumpling. The Estonian pirukas is fairly small in size and is always baked in dough. The Estonian version, with regional variations in respect to fillings, compared to the Latvians, is referred to as "pirukad" ("pirukas" in the singular). Pirukad are sometimes accompanied by bouillon. Many recipes exist, with meat, cabbage, carrots, rice, egg and other fillings and filling mixtures also being used. As a rule, the best ones are homemade. The Latvian bacon and onion version is known to Estonians, but is not as common. Here too, one can encounter sweet fillings, although savory "pirukad" predominate.

Finland

Karelian pasties (karjalanpiirakat/karjalanpiirakka in the South Karelian dialect of Finnish and karjalanpiiraat/karjalanpiiras in the North Karelian dialect) are a differently shaped pie popular in both Karelia and Finland. Compared to the Baltic pirukas and pīrāgi, the Karelian pastries are open-faced.

Central Asia

Pirozhki are common as fast food on the streets of the Central Asian countries such as Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, etc., where they were introduced by the Russians. They are also made by many Russians and non-Russians at home.

East Asia

Pirozhki is also very common as fast food in Mongolia, and it is made throughout the country by families at home.

Southwest Asia and the Caucus Mountians

The Russian variant of Pirozkhi is a common fast food in Iran and Armenia.

See also

Notes

References

  • Piroshki or Pirozhki in Larousse Gastronomique, The New American Edition (Jenifer Harvey Lang, ed.), Crown Publishers, New York (1988), p. 809.
  • Piroghi or Pirozhki in Larouse Gastronomique, first English language edition (Nina Froud and Charlotte Turgeon, eds.), Paul Hamlyn, London (1961), p. 740-741.
  • Pirog in The Oxford Companion to Food (Alan Davidson), Oxford University Press (1999), p.p. 609-610.
  • Speķa rauši in "Latviska un Moderna Virtuve" (The Latvian and Modern Kitchen), Fischbach D.P. Camp, Germany, 1949; pg. 24, original in Latvian and translated into English

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  • piroshki — or pirozhki noun plural Etymology: Russian pirozhki, plural of pirozhok, diminutive of pirog pastry Date: 1912 small pastries with meat, cheese, or vegetable filling …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Knish — A knish (IPA2|knɪʃ i.e. the k is pronounced) is an Eastern European and Yiddish snack food made popular in North America by Jewish immigrants. A knish consists of a filling covered with dough that is either baked or fried. Knishes can be… …   Wikipedia

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