- Mao, Dominican Republic
official_name = Mao
native_name = Santa Cruz de Mao
nickname = City of Beautiful Sunsets
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Street in Mao
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = flag|Dominican Republic
subdivision_type2 = Province
subdivision_name2 = Valverde
demonym = Maeño(a)
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1875
established_title2 = Municipality since
established_date2 = 1882
area_footnotes = Superficies a nivel de municipios, [http://one.gob.do/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=63&Itemid=283 Oficina Nacional de Estadistica] ]
area_total_km2 = 409.66
population_as_of = 2002
population_footnotes = Censo 2002 de Población y Vivienda, [http://one.gob.do/ Oficina Nacional de Estadistica] ]
population_total = 49475
population_density_metro_km2 = 120.8
population_urban = 47828
latd=19|latm=34 |latNS=N |longd=71 |longm=05 |longEW=W
elevation_m = 78
elevation_footnotes = [cite book
last = De la Fuente
first = Santiago
title = Geografía Dominicana
publisher = Editora Colegial Quisqueyana
date = 1976
location = Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
language = Spanish ]
blank_name = Municipalities
blank_info = 3
footnotes = The Dominican
cityof Santa Cruz de Mao, or simply Mao, is the head municipalityof the Valverde province, on the northwest of the country.
It is the largest city of the Dominican northwest and the centre of the region. Its name, a
Taínoword, comes from the River Mao, near the city. Its nicknameis "Ciudad de los Bellos Atardeceres" (English, "City of the Beautiful Sunsets") because there are not mountains to the west of the city and it is common to see a "red" sky during the sunset; it is a very dry region and there are much dust in the air which gives the red color to the sky.
For most of its history, the region was called "El Despoblado"; that means a region without any population, because it is a very dry region and
agriculturewas not possible.
governorof the Spanish colonygave the order in 1606 that everybody living on the northern coast had to move inland, some people came to live around the present Mao. They had cows that were raised in "hatos"; "hato" means a large farmfor raising cattle (a ranch). And so "hato" is the name of many places around Mao: Hatico, Hato del Yaque, Hato Nuevo, Hato Viejo, Hato del Medio.cite book
last =Brea Tió
title =Mao y su gente
publisher =Librería La Trinitaria
location =Santo Domingo
language =Spanish ] .
Mao was made a "Puesto Cantonal" (an old category similar to the present Municipal District under a
militarygovernment). In 1882, Mao was elevated to the category of municipalityand in 1904 its official name was changed to "Valverde" after José Desiderio Valverde, past President of the Dominican Republic. Because the name Mao was known by everybody and Valverde was a new name, people called the city as "Valverde (Mao)", and it is still common to say so.
The main economic activity of the province is
agriculture; the main products in the municipality are rice, bananas and plantain.
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