Oxford and Cambridge Club

Oxford and Cambridge Club
The Oxford and Cambridge Club
Founded 1821 (United University Club);
1830 (Oxford and Cambridge Club)
Home Page www.oxfordandcambridgeclub.co.uk
Address 71-77 Pall Mall
Clubhouse occupied since 1837
Club established for Oxford and Cambridge graduates
The Oxford and Cambridge Club.

The Oxford and Cambridge Club is at 71 Pall Mall, London, England. The clubhouse was designed for the membership by architect Sir Robert Smirke and completed towards the end of 1837.[1] It was founded for members of the universities of Oxford and Cambridge. In 1989, the club's Crown lease was extended until 2087, and major refurbishment of the accommodation was carried out in 1996.

Contents

History

Eight years after the foundation of the original United University Club in 1821, the waiting list had become inconveniently long; so it was decided to form a second club. On 17 May 1830, Lord Palmerston, who had been on the original committee of the United University, presided over a meeting in the British Coffee House in Cockspur Street in 1830 to discuss the project.[2]

The new club, called simply the Oxford and Cambridge University Club, took temporary premises at what is now 18 (today's numbering) St James's Square. In 1835 the decision was taken to build a new club in Pall Mall on a Crown lease.[3] William Ewart Gladstone's name appears in the earliest list of members that has survived (1833). He was on the general committee when the clubhouse was being built, but his chief concern was that all the staff should be able to go to church on Sundays. He pressed the matter at meeting after meeting until a pew was reserved at St Philip's Church, Regent Street, and the servants were told they might use it. Gladstone resigned his membership in 1842, but the club accounts show "Pew Rent for Servants £8/8/0" until 1858.[4]

Clubland was disturbed in those days by disputes about whether or not smoking should be allowed. When the Oxford and Cambridge proposed a smoking room for the new building, fifty members summoned a special meeting and tried to get the decision reversed. They were defeated by just fifteen votes.[5] Further disputes arose when gas lighting arrived and the motion to put it throughout the club was defeated, it only going into the basement and mezzanine floors. When electric lighting was to be introduced, members succeeded in getting a Standing Order passed that any member dining might call for a candle at his table.[6] This Order is still in force.

The Oxford and Cambridge boasts one of the best club libraries in London, and even with some sales of unwanted accumulations, over 20,000 volumes remain to form a well-balanced and very usable collection. During the Second World War a landmine fell into the kitchen, but failed to explode.[7]

By the middle of the 1960s clubland generally was in the financial doldrums, and the Oxford and Cambridge was no exception. The members were not rich, predominantly middle-class, and the middle classes in Britain had begun to experience a revolution of declining expectations. In an attempt to boost the membership (and therefore increase the income) some "fairly desperate" expedients were tried. Wives and daughters would be permitted to become associate members, and they could propose and second other women who might have no connection with any male member of the club at all. More "drastic" was the 1971 innovation, when it was decided that graduates of any university, whether in Britain or overseas, should be eligible for membership. Later the same year the old United University Club abandoned its struggle with declining circumstances and voted to merge with the Oxford and Cambridge.[8] The joint club, however, reverted to being for Oxford and Cambridge men only - plus, as lady associates, Oxford and Cambridge women and close female relatives of members. This partially reversed the aforementioned "outrages".

In the late 1970's, the club had continuous difficulties with Westminster City Council over various infestations. As a result, the club began to retain a cat upon the premises and subsequently, the vermin ceased to be a problem.

The Club's separate membership policies for men and women came under attack in the mid 1990s. In February 1995, a statement signed by the heads of more than 70 Oxford and Cambridge colleges, two vice chancellors, and Oxford's chancellor, declared that the two universities were disassociating from the Club "because of what they call[ed] its 'offensive' and 'discriminatory' policies to women".[9] Dr Peter North, the vice chancellor of Oxford, stated at the time that the "'university council has asked the law department to consider our legal position in relation to the use of the universities' names and our coats of arms'".[10] Four months later, the Club voted to allow lady associate members "access to the main staircase and the library", provided they pay an extra fee of £100.[11] In February 1996, members of the club voted to admit women as full members.

Queen Margrethe II of Denmark became the club's first Honorary Lady Member in 1997.

In 1971, the name had become the United Oxford and Cambridge University Club, but in 2001, it reverted to the Oxford and Cambridge Club.

There are over 3,500 members worldwide.

As of 2009, the membership subscription costs £900 per year, with a £480 rate for younger members. The club does not charge an entrance fee.

Notable members

See also

References

  1. ^ F. H. W. Sheppard (General Editor) (1960). "Pall Mall, South Side, Existing Buildings: The Oxford and Cambridge University Club". Survey of London: volumes 29 and 30: St James Westminster, Part 1. Institute of Historical Research. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=40616. Retrieved 22 February 2011. 
  2. ^ F. H. W. Sheppard (General Editor) (1960). "Pall Mall, South Side, Existing Buildings: The Oxford and Cambridge University Club". Survey of London: volumes 29 and 30: St James Westminster, Part 1. Institute of Historical Research. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=40616. Retrieved 22 February 2011. 
  3. ^ F. H. W. Sheppard (General Editor) (1960). "Pall Mall, South Side, Existing Buildings: The Oxford and Cambridge University Club". Survey of London: volumes 29 and 30: St James Westminster, Part 1. Institute of Historical Research. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=40616. Retrieved 22 February 2011. 
  4. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. p. 45. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  5. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. p. 134. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  6. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. pp. 155, 160. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  7. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. p. 87. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  8. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. pp. 111–16. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  9. ^ Sanders, Claire (24 February 1995). "Oxbridge club mum on women". Times Higher Education. http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=96601&sectioncode=26. Retrieved 19 February 2011. 
  10. ^ Boggan, Steve (23 February 1995). "Oxbridge could sue London club over sexist rules". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/oxbridge-could-sue-london-club-over-sexist-rules-1574387.html. Retrieved 19 February 2011. 
  11. ^ Moyes, Jojo (14 June 1995). "Oxbridge club votes to let women step up". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/oxbridge-club-votes-to-let-women-step-up-1586342.html. Retrieved 19 February 2011. 
  12. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. p. 121. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  13. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. p. 165. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  14. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. p. 165. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  15. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. p. 48. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  16. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. p. 165. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  17. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. p. 165. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  18. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. p. 121. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  19. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. p. 43. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  20. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. p. 48. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  21. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. p. 166. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  22. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. p. 165. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  23. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. p. 121. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  24. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. p. 121. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 
  25. ^ Thole, John (1992). The Oxford and Cambridge Clubs in London. Henley-on-Thames, Oxon: Alfred Waller Limited. p. 45. ISBN 1-872474-01-2. 

External links

Coordinates: 51°30′20″N 0°08′11″W / 51.5056°N 0.1365°W / 51.5056; -0.1365


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oxford and Cambridge Universities cricket team — Oxford and Cambridge Universities cricket teams (OCU) played first class cricket for more than 150 years, although sometimes many years passed between fixtures. OCU played a match against MCC at Lord s in 1839, in which Edward Sayres took his… …   Wikipedia

  • Oxford and Cambridge Far Eastern Expedition — The vehicles, team and kit laid out The expedition vehicles alongsi …   Wikipedia

  • Oxford and Cambridge Cup — The Oxford and Cambridge Cup is awarded for Inter Varsity Men s Eights in Australia. The Oxford and Cambridge Cup is the trophy awarded to the winner of the Australian University Championship Men s Eight (formerly the Australian Universities Boat …   Wikipedia

  • Oxford University Dancesport Club — (OUDC) is one of Oxford University’s largest sports clubs. Founded in 1968 it currently has an annual membership of around 800 members. It runs professionally taught classes in the following dance styles: Ballroom Latin American Salsa Argentine… …   Wikipedia

  • Oxford University Chess Club — Formation 1869 Location Oxford President Erik Thörnblad …   Wikipedia

  • Oxford University Cricket Club — Oxford University Coach: Graham Charlesworth Captain: Rajiv Sharma Founded …   Wikipedia

  • Oxford University Cycling Club — Founded: 1873 Membership: 100 150 Website: http://groupspaces.com/oxforduniversitycc/ Oxford University Cycling Club (OUCC) w …   Wikipedia

  • Oxford University Boat Club — The blade colours of Oxford University Boat Club OUBC Bo …   Wikipedia

  • Army and Navy Club — The Army and Navy Club in London is a gentlemen s club founded in 1837, also known informally as The Rag. [http://www.armynavyclub.co.uk/ Main page of Army and Navy Club web site] at armynavyclub.co.uk (accessed 18 January 2008)] Foundation and… …   Wikipedia

  • Oxford University Society of Bibliophiles — Founded 1950 (restored 2008) Society officers, Trinity Term 2011 Honorary President Colin Franklin Honorary Vice President …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”