- Pall Mall, London
Pall Mall (PronEng|pæl mæl) is a street in the
City of Westminster, London, situated in SW1 and parallel to The Mall, from St. James's Street across Waterloo Placeto the Haymarket; while Pall Mall East continues into Trafalgar Square. The street is a major thoroughfare in the St James's area of London, and a section of the regional A4 road.
Pall Mall is best known for being the home to various gentlemen's clubs built in the 19th century and early 20th centuries. These include the Athenaeum,
Travellers Club, Army and Navy Club, Reform Club, United Services Club(now occupied by the Institute of Directors), Oxford and Cambridge Cluband Royal Automobile Club.
It was also once the centre of the fine art scene in London; in 1814 the
Royal Academy, the National Gallery and Christie'sauction house were all here, but none of them stayed for long [ [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/image.aspx?compid=40539&filename=figB.gifIllustration of building facades along the street in 1814 (297k GIF format)] ] .
The freehold of nearly all of the southern side of the Pall Mall has belonged to the crown for several hundred years, and is still owned by the
Crown Estate. St. James's Palaceis on the south side of the street at the western end. Marlborough House, which was once a royal residence, is next to it to the east, opening off of a courtyard just to the south of the street. The Prince Regent's Carlton Houseonce stood at the eastern end of the street. Pall Mall was also once the home of the War Office, with which it became synonymous (just as Whitehallrefers to the administrative centre of the UK government). The War Office was based in a complex of buildings based on the ducal mansion of Cumberland Housewhich was designed by Matthew Brettinghamand Robert Adam.
There were at least two other architecturally important ducal residences in the street,
Schomberg House, and Buckingham House, the London residence of the Dukes of Buckingham and Chandoswhich was rebuilt for them by Sir John Soane(not to be confused with the Buckingham House which became Buckingham Palace).
The former branch of the
Midland Bankin Pall Mall was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens.
*The name of the street is derived from "pall mall" a mallet-and-ball game that was played there during the 17th century.
*The first public street lighting with gas was installed on the Pall Mall in January 1807.
*In the London version of Monopoly, Pall Mall is a property in the pink set (along with
Whitehalland Northumberland Avenue) and is worth £140.
The Diogenes Clubis located in the Pall Mall.
List of London's gentlemen's clubs
* [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=40579 Introductory page from the Survey of London] - see also [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/source.asp?pageno=2&pubid=292 here] for the "
Survey of London"'s chapters on each of the principal buildings in the street, and [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=40539 here] for its diagrams showing the north and south sides in 1814 and the south side in 1960.
* [http://www.touruk.co.uk/london_streets/pallmall_street1.htm Pall Mall on TourUK]
* [http://www.explore-london.co.uk/pmall.html Panoramic photograph of Pall Mall]
* [http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/england/london/clubsintro/intro.html 19th Century Gentleman's Clubs on Pall Mall] (including photographs)
* [http://www.iod.com/ The Institute of Directors' 116 Pall Mall]
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