Inguinal canal

Inguinal canal

Infobox Anatomy
Name = inguinal canal
Latin = canalis inguinalis
GraySubject = 258
GrayPage = 1239



Caption = Front of abdomen, showing surface markings for arteries and inguinal canal. (Inguinal canal is tube at lower left.)



Caption2 = The scrotum. On the left side the cavity of the tunica vaginalis has been opened; on the right side only the layers superficial to the Cremaster have been removed. (Right inguinal canal visible at upper left.)
System =
MeshName = Inguinal+Canal
MeshNumber = A01.047.412
The inguinal canal is a passage in the anterior (toward the front of the body) abdominal wall which in men conveys the spermatic cord and in women the round ligament. The inguinal canal is larger and more prominent in men.

ite

The inguinal canal is situated just above the medial half of the inguinal ligament.

Length

Approximately 4cm (1.57 inches).

Direction

It is oblique directed inferiorly, anteriorly and medially.

Boundaries

A first-order approximation is to visualize the canal as a cylinder, stretching from the deep inguinal ring to the superficial inguinal ring.cite web |url=http://anatomy.med.umich.edu/atlas/abdo_wall64.html |title=Gross Anatomy Image |accessdate=2007-11-20 |format= |work=]

To help define the boundaries, the canal is often further approximated as a box with six sides. Not including the two rings, the remaining four sides are usually called the "anterior wall", "posterior wall", "roof", and "floor".cite book |author=Adam Mitchell; Drake, Richard; Gray, Henry David; Wayne Vogl |title=Gray's anatomy for students |publisher=Elsevier/Churchill Livingstone |location= |year=2005 |pages=260 |isbn=0-443-06612-4 |oclc= |doi=] These consist of the following:

One way to remember these structures is with the mnemonic "MALT", starting at the top and going counterclockwise:
* M - muscles
* A - aponeuroses
* L - ligaments
* T - transversalis/tendon

Contents

* in males : the spermatic cordcite web |url=http://anatomy.med.umich.edu/gastrointestinal_system/inguinal_tables.html |title=Anatomy Tables - Inguinal Region |accessdate=2007-11-20 |format= |work=] and its coverings + the ilioinguinal nerve.
* in females : the round ligament of the uterus + the ilioinguinal nerve.

The classic description of the contents of inguinal canal in the male are:3 arteries: artery to vas, testicular artery, cremasteric artery3 fascial layers: external spermatic,internal spermatic,cremastic3 other vessels: pampiniform plexus, vas deferens, lymphatics1 nerve: genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve (L1/2)

The ilioinguinal nerve passes through the superficial ring to descend into the scrotum, but does not formally run through the canal.

Development

During development gonads (ovaries or testes) descend from their starting point on the posterior abdominal wall (para-aortically) and near the kidneys down the abdomen and through the inguinal canal to reach the scrotum. The testis then decends through the abdominal wall into the scrotum, behind the processus vaginalis (which later obliterates). Thus lymphatic spread from a testicular tumour is to the para-aortic nodes first, and not the inguinal nodes.

Disorders

Abdominal contents (potentially including intestine) can be abnormally displaced from the abdominal cavity. Where these contents exit through the inguinal canal the condition is known as an indirect inguinal hernia. This condition is far more common in men than in women, owing to the inguinal canal's small size in women.

A hernia that exits the abdominal cavity directly through the deep layers of the abdominal wall, thereby bypassing the inguinal canal, is known as a direct inguinal hernia.


=Additional

ee also

* Superficial inguinal ring
* Deep inguinal ring

References

External links

*
* - "The Male & Female Inguinal Canal"
* [http://www.nurseminerva.co.uk/images/hernia2a.jpgDiagram at nurseminerva.co.uk]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Inguinal canal — A passage in the lower anterior abdominal wall which in the male allows passage of the spermatic cord and in the female contains the round ligament. Because of the weakness it creates in the abdominal wall, it is the most frequent site for a… …   Medical dictionary

  • inguinal canal — either of a pair of openings that connect the abdominal cavity with the scrotum in the male fetus. The inguinal canals provide a route for the descent of the testes into the scrotum, after which they normally become obliterated …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • inguinal canal — noun oblique passage through the lower abdominal wall; in males it is the passage through which the testes descend into the scrotum and it contains the spermatic cord; in females it transmits the round ligament of the uterus • Syn: ↑canalis… …   Useful english dictionary

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  • Inguinal ring — Inguinal In gui*nal, a. [L. inguinalis, fr. inguen, inguinis, the groin: cf. F. inguinal.] (Astron. & Med.) Of or pertaining to, or in the region of, the inguen or groin; as, an inguinal canal or ligament; inguinal hernia. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Inguinal hernia — eMedicine2|ped|2559 MeshName = Hernia,+Inguinal MeshNumber = C06.405.293.249.437 Inguinal hernias (IPAEng|ɪnˈgwinəl ˈhɝniəz) are protrusions of abdominal cavity contents through the inguinal canal. They are very common (it is estimated that 5% of …   Wikipedia

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