Accelerator physics

Accelerator physics

Accelerator physics deals with the problems of building and operating particle accelerators.

The experiments conducted with particle accelerators are not regarded as part of accelerator physics. These belong (according to the objectives of the experiments) to particle physics, nuclear physics, condensed matter physics, materials physics, etc. as well as to other sciences and technical fields. The types of experiments done at a particular accelerator and/or its other uses are largely constrained by the characteristics of the accelerator itself, such as energy (per particle), types of particles, beam intensity, beam quality, etc.

The motion of the particles in circular accelerators are often calculated using relativistic Hamiltonian mechanics.The motion of particles in linear accelerators and after leaving an accelerator is similar to Geometric optics.
Magnetostatic, electromagnetic and electrostatic calculations are usually needed.Vacuum and sensor technologies are often important.

ee also

*Particle accelerator
*important publications in accelerator physics
*Beam emittance
*Radiation damping
*Strong focusing
*Superconducting Radio Frequency


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Physics — (Greek: physis φύσις), in everyday terms, is the science of matter [R. P. Feynman, R. B. Leighton, M. Sands (1963), The Feynman Lectures on Physics , ISBN 0 201 02116 1 Hard cover. p.1 1 Feynman begins with the atomic hypothesis.] and its motion …   Wikipedia

  • accelerator — /ak sel euh ray teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that accelerates. 2. Auto. a device, usually operated by the foot, for controlling the speed of an engine. 3. Brit. any two or three wheeled motor vehicle, as a motorcycle or motor scooter. 4.… …   Universalium

  • accelerator — [ak sel′ər āt΄ər, ak sel′ə rāt΄ər; əksel′ər āt΄ər, əksel′ə rāt΄ər] n. 1. a person or thing that accelerates or increases the speed of something; specif., a) a device, such as the foot throttle of an automobile, for increasing the speed of a… …   English World dictionary

  • accelerator — ► NOUN 1) a foot pedal which controls the speed of a vehicle s engine. 2) Physics an apparatus for accelerating charged particles to high velocities. 3) a substance that speeds up a chemical process …   English terms dictionary

  • physics — /fiz iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science that deals with matter, energy, motion, and force. [1580 90; see PHYSIC, ICS] * * * I Science that deals with the structure of matter and the interactions between the fundamental constituents of… …   Universalium

  • Accelerator mass spectrometry — Infobox chemical analysis name = Accelerator mass spectrometry caption =Accelerator mass spectrometer at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory acronym = AMS classification =Mass spectrometry analytes = Organic molecules Biomolecules… …   Wikipedia

  • PHYSICS — The material presented in this entry emphasizes those contributions which were important in arriving at verified present day scientific results, rather than those that may have appeared important at the time. Unavoidably it will overlap in parts… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • PHYSICS: The First Antiatoms — ▪ 1997       It has been known for decades that each fundamental particle in nature has its antiparticle. The first antiparticle to be discovered, in 1932, was the positron, identical to the negatively charged electron but having a positive… …   Universalium

  • accelerator — 1. Anything that increases rapidity of action or function. 2. In physiology, a nerve, muscle, or substance that quickens movement or response. 3. A catalytic agent used to hasten a chemical …   Medical dictionary

  • accelerator — noun 1》 a foot pedal which controls the speed of a vehicle s engine. 2》 Physics an apparatus for accelerating charged particles to high velocities. 3》 a substance that speeds up a chemical process …   English new terms dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”