Endemic birds of Mexico and northern Central America

Endemic birds of Mexico and northern Central America

This article is one of a series providing information about endemism among birds in the World's various zoogeographic zones. For an overview of this subject see Endemism in birds.

Patterns of endemism

Genus-level endemism

No bird families are endemic to the region; however, the following genera are endemic:

In addition in the following genera, high proportions of the member species are endemic to the region:

Endemic Bird Areas

Birdlife International has defined a number of Endemic Bird Areas and Secondary Areas in this region.

List of species

The following is a list of species endemic to the region (M indicates a species endemic to Mexico; G, Guatemala).


* Green-cheeked Amazon
* Yucatan Bobwhite
* Green-striped Brush-finch
* Rose-bellied Bunting
* Guadalupe Caracara
* Rufous-bellied Chachalaca
* West Mexican Chachalaca
* White-bellied Chachalaca
* Short-crested Coquette
* Cozumel Emerald
* Cozumel Thrasher
* Cozumel Vireo
* Sinaloa Crow
* Tamaulipas Crow
* Socorro Dove
* Cozumel Emerald
* Belted Flycatcher
* Pileated Flycatcher
* Slender-billed Grackle
* Atitlán Grebe
* Crimson-collared Grosbeak
* Highland Guan
* M, G Horned Guan
* White-breasted Hawk
* Beautiful Hummingbird
* Blue-tailed Hummingbird
* Dusky Hummingbird
* Oaxaca Hummingbird
* White-tailed Hummingbird
* Wine-throated Hummingbird
* Xantus's Hummingbird
* Bushy-crested Jay
* Dwarf Jay
* Purplish-backed Jay
* San Blas Jay
* Tufted Jay
* White-throated Jay
* Guadalupe Junco
* Blue-and-white Mockingbird
* Socorro Mockingbird
* Blue-throated Motmot
* Green-breasted Mountain-gem
* Green-throated Mountain-gem
* Bar-winged Oriole
* Fulvous Owl
* Tamaulipas Pygmy-owl
* Santa Barbara Screech-owl
* Pacific Parakeet
* Socorro Parakeet
* Maroon-fronted Parrot
* Thick-billed Parrot

* Mexican Parrotlet
* Bearded Wood-partridge
* Long-tailed Wood-partridge
* Banded Quail
* Elegant Quail
* Mountain Quail
* Ocellated Quail
* Singing Quail
* Veracruz Quail-dove
* Rufous-collared Robin
* Long-tailed Sabrewing
* Rufous Sabrewing
* Mexican Sheartail
* Slender Sheartail
* Black-capped Siskin

* Socorro Dove
* Socorro Parakeet
* Socorro Wren
* Socorro Mockingbird
* Black-chested Sparrow
* Bridled Sparrow
* Cinnamon-tailed Sparrow
* Oaxaca Sparrow
* Sierra Madre Sparrow
* Black-capped Swallow
* White-fronted Swift
* Azure-rumped Tanager
* Cozumel Thrasher
* Grayson's Thrush
* White-throated Towhee
* M, G Ocellated Turkey
* Cozumel Vireo
* Yucatán Vireo
* Pink-headed Warbler
* Mexican Woodnymph
* M Grey-breasted Woodpecker
* Imperial Woodpecker
* Giant Wren
* Grey-barred Wren
* Nava's Wren
* Rufous-browed Wren
* Socorro Wren
* M Yucatán Wren
* Altamira Yellowthroat
* Belding's Yellowthroat
* Black-polled Yellowthroat

The following is a list of species endemic to the region as breeding species:

* Black-vented Shearwater
* Townsend's Shearwater
* Least Storm-petrel

The following is a list of species endemic to the region as non-breeding species:

The following restricted-range species are also found in the region:

* Colima Warbler

And the following are other species which are near-endemics

* Thicket Tinamou (also found in northwestern Costa Rica)
* Slaty-breasted Tinamou (also found south to northern Costa Rica)
* Black Storm-petrel (also found in California)
* Mexican Mallard
* Mottled Duck
* Plain Chachalaca (also found in Texas)
* Buffy-crested Wood-partridge
* Montezuma Quail
* Spot-bellied Bobwhite
* Masked Bobwhite
* Scaled Quail
* Gambel's Quail
* California Quail
* Mountain Quail

The following extinct species were formerly endemic:

* Guadalupe Storm-petrel

References

*

External links

*


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Endemism in birds — NOTOC This article is a parent page for a series of articles providing information about endemism among birds in the World s various zoogeographic zones.The term endemic, in the context of bird endemism, refers to any species found only in a… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Mexico — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Mexico. The avifauna of Mexico includes a total of 1,085 species, of which 108 are endemic, six have been introduced by humans, and 51 are rare or accidental. One species listed is extirpated in… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Canada and the United States — A five year old Golden Eagle North American birds most closely resemble those of Eurasia, which was connected to the continent as part of the supercontinent Laurasia until around 60 million years ago.[1] Many groups occur throughout the northern… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds in Canada and the United States — This list of birds in Canada and the United States is a comprehensive listing of all the bird species known from the North American continent north of Mexico as of July 2008.North American birds most closely resemble those of Eurasia, which was… …   Wikipedia

  • North America — North American. the northern continent of the Western Hemisphere, extending from Central America to the Arctic Ocean. Highest point, Mt. McKinley, 20,300 ft. (6187 m); lowest, Death Valley, 276 ft. (84 m) below sea level. 400,000,000 including… …   Universalium

  • List of birds of Guatemala — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Guatemala. The avifauna of Guatemala includes a total of 735 species, of which 1 is endemic, 2 have been introduced by humans, and 23 are rare or accidental. 10 species are globally threatened.This… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Panama — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Panama. The avifauna of Panama includes a total of 972 species, of which 12 are endemic, 6 have been introduced by humans, and 120 are rare or accidental. 20 species are globally threatened. The… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Honduras — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Honduras. The avifauna of Honduras includes a total of 738 species, of which 1, the Honduran Emerald, is endemic, 2 have been introduced by humans, and 19 are rare or accidental. 10 species are… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Colombia — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Colombia. The avifauna of Colombia includes a total of 1895 species, of which 74 are endemic, 2 have been introduced by humans, and 87 are rare or accidental. 1 species listed is extirpated in… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Venezuela — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Venezuela. The avifauna of Venezuela includes a total of 1417 species, of which 48 are endemic, 6 have been introduced by humans, and 34 are rare or accidental. 27 species are globally… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”