- Broad Street, Oxford
Clarendon Building, and the Sheldonian Theatreand the Old Ashmolean Building.]
Broad Street is a wide street in
Oxford, England. It is famous for its bookshops, including the original Blackwell'sbookshop at number 50. Locally, the street is traditionally known as The Broad.
Also in this street are Balliol College, Trinity College, Exeter College (front entrance in the adjoining
Turl Street). The Museum of the History of Science(the original location of the Ashmolean Museum), the Clarendon Building, the Sheldonian Theatreand the new Bodleian Librarybuilding (the main University library, entrance in Parks Road) are important historical Oxford Universitybuildings at the eastern end of the street. The question is often asked "Where is the University?". These buildings form the nearest equivalent to the centre of the University, since most academic buildings in the centre of Oxford are owned by individual (and autonomous) colleges rather than the University itself.
To the west, the street continues as George Street, with
Magdalen Streetto the north and Cornmarket Streetto the south. To the east, the street continues as Holywell Street, with Parks Roadto the north and Catte Streetto the south. The King's Arms, a popular public house frequented by Oxford Universitystudents, is on the north-east corner of the junction and the Indian Institute(now the History Faculty of the University), designed by Basil Champneys, is on the south-east corner.
The street was the site where the Protestant
Oxford Martyrs, Hugh Latimerand Nicholas Ridley (16 October, 1555), and later Thomas Cranmer(21 March 1556), were burnt at the stake just outside the then northern city walls. A cobbled cross in the road opposite Balliol Collegemarks the location. Not far away in St Giles', the events are commemorated with a Victorian stone monument, the Martyrs' Memorial.
Sheldonian Theatre, set back from Broad Street behind a stone wall and railings with impressive stones heads (traditionally Roman emperors), was built 1664–1668 from a design by Sir Christopher Wrenfor the University of Oxford. The Old Ashmolean Buildingwas built in 1683 to house Elias Ashmole's collection. It was the world's first museum to open to the public. The Clarendon Buildingwas built 1711–1715 to house the Oxford University Press's printing operations. It was designed by Nicholas Hawksmoor, considered Christopher Wren's best pupil.
The academic and physician
Henry Aclandlived in the street at number 40 on the site of the new Bodleian building.
Boswells, now the largest independent
department storein Oxford, was established in 1738, and has been trading in the same spot on the south side of Broad Street opposite Balliol College ever since. Thornton's Bookshop, also on the south side of the street at No. 11, was founded by Joseph Thornton(1808–1891) in 1835, but closed its shop at the end of 2002.
The Victorian photographer
Henry Taunthad a shop and studio at 9–10 Broad Street, moving here from Cornmarket Streetin 1874. He also established a picture-framing business in Boxall's Yard, behind the premises. The lease expired in 1894 and he was forced to file for bankruptcy. Blackwell'sbookshop, on the north side of the street, was founded by Benjamin Henry Blackwell, the son of the first city librarian, in 1879. The shop was initially only twelve feet square, but quickly grew to include space upstairs, in the cellar, and neighbouring shops. It is now Oxford's most famous and leading bookshop, with other specialist branches elsewhere in Broad Street and Oxford.
Oxfam charity shoptogether with its office were established by Cecil Jackson-Cole(1901–1979) at 17 Broad Street in 1947. There is still an Oxfam shop here and a blue plaquehas been placed on the outside wall of the building.
Broad Street, Birmingham
* [http://www.headington.org.uk/oxon/broad/ Broad Street, Oxford] historical view
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