- Warbling Vireo
name = Warbling Vireo
image_width = 200px
status = LC
status_system = iucn3.1
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
genus = "
species = "V. gilvus"
binomial = "Vireo gilvus"
binomial_authority = (Vieillot, 1808)
range_map_width = 200px
range_map_caption = Area of occurrence
The Warbling Vireo, "Vireo gilvus", is a small
Adults are 12 cm long and weigh 12 g. They are mainly olive-grey on the head and upperparts with white underparts; they have brown eyes and the front of the face is light. There is a white
supercilium. They have thick blue-grey legs and a stout bill. Western birds are generally smaller.
Their song is a cheerful warble, similar to that of the
Painted Bunting. There are subtle differences in song between eastern and western birds. Some authorities split the eastern and western races of this species into separate species:
*Western Warbling Vireo, "V. swainsonii"
*Eastern Warbling Vireo, "V. gilvus"
Brown-capped Vireo("Vireo leucophrys"), a resident species in Central America and northern South America, is sometimes considered to be conspecific with Warbling Vireo.
The Warbling Vireo's breeding habitat is open
deciduousand mixed woods across most of North America, from Alaskato Mexico.
These birds migrate to
Mexicoand Central America.
They forage for insects in trees, hopping along branches and sometimes hovering. They also eat berries, especially before migration and in winter quarters, where they are - like other vireos - apparently quite fond of
Gumbo-limbo("Bursera simaruba") seeds, though they will not venture into human-modified habitat to get them [Foster (2007)] .
They make a deep cup nest suspended from a tree branch or shrub, placed relatively high in the east and lower in the west. The male helps with incubation and may sing from the nest.
*|year=2004|id=51011|title=Vireo gilvus|downloaded=12 May 2006 Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
* (2007): The potential of fruiting trees to enhance converted habitats for migrating birds in southern Mexico. "Bird Conservation International" 17(1): 45-61. doi|10.1017/S0959270906000554 [http://journals.cambridge.org/production/action/cjoGetFulltext?fulltextid=936412 PDF fulltext]
* (2003): "Birds of Venezuela". Christopher Helm, London. ISBN 0-7136-6418-5
* (1989): "A guide to the birds of Costa Rica". Comistock, Ithaca. ISBN 0-8014-9600-4
* [http://www.birds.cornell.edu/AllAboutBirds/BirdGuide/Warbling_Vireo.html Warbling Vireo Species Account] - Cornell Lab of Ornithology
* [http://www.mbr-pwrc.usgs.gov/id/framlst/i6270id.html Warbling Vireo - "Vireo gilvus"] - USGS Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter
* [http://www.sdakotabirds.com/species/warbling_vireo_info.htm Warbling Vireo Information and Photos] - South Dakota Birds and Birding
* [http://vireo.acnatsci.org/search.html?Form=Search&SEARCHBY=Common&KEYWORDS=warbling+vireo&showwhat=images&AGE=All&SEX=All&ACT=All&Search=Search&VIEW=All&ORIENTATION=All&RESULTS=24 Warbling Vireo photo gallery] - VIREO
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