- Baile Folklorico
Baile folklórico, literally "
folk dance" in Spanish, is a collective term for traditional Latin American dances that emphasize local folk culture. Each region in Mexico, the Southwestern United Statesand Central American countries is known for a handful of locally characteristic dances.
The state of
Jalisco, for example, is especially known for its " jarabe", "son" and "el baile de los sonajeros" which accompany its famous mariachi. The state of Nuevo Leon, with its great European influence, is known for its "polka" and "shotis." The state of Guerrerois known for its " sintesis" and " tixtla". Michoacánis known for its "huetamo" and “"Historia del Traje de la Mujer Michoacana",” a dance which depicts a local folktale Alegria. 1995. 5 March 2006 [http://www.alegria.org www.alegria.org] ] . Though the dances differ from region to region, the basic steps and style of dance are similar. Traditional "bailes" are characterized by a basic set of steps called "zapateadas" which involve percussive heel-stomping.
Costumes in the southwest United States are characterized by denim and western shirts while costumes of the
Federal District of Mexicoreflect a stronger traditional Spanish influence and those of the Yucatán reflect indigenous traditions. ] In the folk dances of Northern Mexico, men generally wear black trousers, accented with a red tie and belt and a black wide-brimmed hat. Women wear brightly colored ruffled skirts trimmed with ribbons whose colors are local signifiers, shoes with heavy clog-like heels and ornate hair pieces [The JVC/Smithsonian Folkways video anthology of music and dance of the Americas: Volume 6 Central and South America. Dir. and Prod. Ohta, Horoaki, Katsumori Ichikawa, Yuji Ichihashi and Nihon Bikuta Kabushiki Kaisha. Videocassette. Multicultural Media, 1995. ] .
Amalia Hernandezpioneered "baile folklorico" in the 1950s with her establishment of and leadership of the Ballet Folklorico Mexico. Additionally, she founded a school in Mexico Cityfor the study and practice of classical and folkloric dance techniques. [ [http://www.midland.edu/foundation/news/cowan/balletfolklorico.php Past Cowan Event - Ballet Folklorico de Mexico de Amalia Hernandez ] ]
Prior to the explosion in popularity among student and community groups, "bailes folklóricos" were (and currently are) performed as a part of large parties or community events. The mariachi musicians generally stand in a line at the back of the performance space and perform without written musical notation, while the dancers perform in couples in front of the mariachis.
Central America has many" bailes Folkloricos". One typical dance from
Costa Ricais the Punto Guanacasteco.
*Loeffler, Jack. "La Música de los Viejitos: Hispano Folk Music of the Rio Grande del Norte". Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1999.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.