- Philip Pendleton Barbour
name =Philip Pendleton Barbour
office =Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
December 4, 1821
March 4, 1823
predecessor =John W. Taylor
order2 =Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Virginia's 11th district
September 19, 1814
March 3, 1825 March 4, 1827– October 15, 1830
predecessor2 =John Dawson
successor2 =Robert Taylor
John M. Patton
order3 =Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
May 12, 1836
February 25, 1841
successor3 =Peter V. Daniel
May 25, 1783
February 25, 1841(aged 57)
The College of William & Mary
net worth =
Philip Pendleton Barbour (
May 25, 1783– February 25, 1841) was a U.S. Congressman from Virginiaand an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was also the brother of Virginia governor and U.S. Secretary of War James Barbouras well as the first cousin of John S. Barbourand first cousin, once removed of John S. Barbour, Jr..
Barbour was born at "Frascati," near Gordonsville,
Orange County, Virginia. He attended common and private schools and graduated from the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, in 1799. A year later he was admitted to the bar, and began practicing law in Bardstown, Kentucky. In 1801, he moved his law practice to Gordonsville in Orange County, Virginia.
Barbour started his public life as a member of the
Virginia House of Delegatesfrom 1812 to 1814. When U.S. Representative John Dawson died, Barbour won the special election to fill the seat, and served as a Crawford Republican in the U.S. House of Representatives from September 19, 1814to March 4, 1825, reaching the office of Speaker from 1821 to 1823.
He declined to run for re-election in 1824 and turned down an offer to become the professor of law in the
University of Virginiain 1825. Instead, he was appointed a judge of the general court of Virginia and served for two years, resigning in 1827 to return to his seat in the House of Representatives as a Jacksonian.
For the first two years of his second stint in the House, he was chair of the
U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary. In 1829 he was president of the Virginia constitutional convention.while remaining a Representative. He turned down offers of a chancellorship and the post of U.S. Attorney Generalbefore finally resigning October 15, 1830to accept President Jackson's appointment to be judge of the United States Circuit Courtfor the Eastern District of Virginia, where he served until March 17, 1836. [ [http://www.fjc.gov/history/home.nsf Federal Judicial Center] - Biographical Directory of Federal Judges]
Barbour continued to receive offers: he refused nominations for judge of the court of appeals, for Governor, and for United States Senator. Finally, he was offered appointment to the U.S. Supreme Court. Barbour served from
May 12, 1836, until his death in Washington, DC, on February 25, 1841.
He was buried in Congressional Cemetery.
Places named for Philip Barbour
Barbour County, West Virginia
Philippi, West Virginia
Philip Barbour High Schoolin Philippi, West Virginia
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=5668 Philip Pendleton Barbour] at
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