Philip Pendleton Barbour

Philip Pendleton Barbour

Infobox Officeholder
name =Philip Pendleton Barbour

imagesize =200px

caption =
order =12th
office =Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
term_start =December 4, 1821
term_end =March 4, 1823
president =James Monroe
predecessor =John W. Taylor
successor =Henry Clay
order2 =Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 11th district
term_start2 =September 19, 1814
term_end2 =March 3, 1825
March 4, 1827October 15, 1830
predecessor2 =John Dawson
Robert Taylor
successor2 =Robert Taylor
John M. Patton
order3 =Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
term_start3 =May 12, 1836
term_end3 =February 25, 1841
predecessor3 =Gabriel Duval
successor3 =Peter V. Daniel
birth_date =May 25, 1783
birth_place =Gordonsville, Virginia
death_date =February 25, 1841 (aged 57)
death_place =Washington, D.C.
nationality =
party =Democratic-Republican
otherparty =
spouse =
relations =
children =
residence =
alma_mater =The College of William & Mary
occupation =
profession =Law
net worth =
religion =

website =
footnotes =

Philip Pendleton Barbour (May 25, 1783 – February 25, 1841) was a U.S. Congressman from Virginia and an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was also the brother of Virginia governor and U.S. Secretary of War James Barbour as well as the first cousin of John S. Barbour and first cousin, once removed of John S. Barbour, Jr..


Barbour was born at "Frascati," near Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia. He attended common and private schools and graduated from the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, in 1799. A year later he was admitted to the bar, and began practicing law in Bardstown, Kentucky. In 1801, he moved his law practice to Gordonsville in Orange County, Virginia.

Barbour started his public life as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1812 to 1814. When U.S. Representative John Dawson died, Barbour won the special election to fill the seat, and served as a Crawford Republican in the U.S. House of Representatives from September 19, 1814 to March 4, 1825, reaching the office of Speaker from 1821 to 1823.

He declined to run for re-election in 1824 and turned down an offer to become the professor of law in the University of Virginia in 1825. Instead, he was appointed a judge of the general court of Virginia and served for two years, resigning in 1827 to return to his seat in the House of Representatives as a Jacksonian.

For the first two years of his second stint in the House, he was chair of the U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary. In 1829 he was president of the Virginia constitutional convention.while remaining a Representative. He turned down offers of a chancellorship and the post of U.S. Attorney General before finally resigning October 15, 1830 to accept President Jackson's appointment to be judge of the United States Circuit Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, where he served until March 17, 1836. [ [ Federal Judicial Center] - Biographical Directory of Federal Judges]

Barbour continued to receive offers: he refused nominations for judge of the court of appeals, for Governor, and for United States Senator. Finally, he was offered appointment to the U.S. Supreme Court. Barbour served from May 12, 1836, until his death in Washington, DC, on February 25, 1841.

He was buried in Congressional Cemetery.

Places named for Philip Barbour

*Barbour County, West Virginia
*Philippi, West Virginia
*Philip Barbour High School in Philippi, West Virginia


External links

* [ Philip Pendleton Barbour] at Find A Grave

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