Buckland, Buckinghamshire

Buckland, Buckinghamshire

Infobox UK place
country = England
official_name= Buckland
static_

static_image_caption=
latitude= 51.803422
longitude= -0.713179
civil_parish= Buckland
population = 669 [ [http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=792021&c=Buckland&d=16&e=15&g=424006&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1215978882781&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779 Neighbourhood Statistics 2001 Census] ]
shire_district= Aylesbury Vale
shire_county= Buckinghamshire
region= South East England
constituency_westminster= Aylesbury
post_town= AYLESBURY
postcode_district= HP22
postcode_area= HP
dial_code= 01296
os_grid_reference= SP8812

Buckland is a village and civil parish within in Aylesbury Vale district in Buckinghamshire, England. It is near the border with Hertfordshire, adjacent to Aston Clinton.

The village name is a common one in England. It is Anglo Saxon in origin, and refers to a place which has received a Royal charter of some description. It is not known what type of charter to which this refers in this case.

Before the Norman Conquest, the manor of Buckland was held by the see of Dorchester-on-Thames in Oxfordshire under the control of Godric. After 1066 William I granted it to the Bishop of Lincoln. It remained so until the 16th century when the then tenant, the Earl of Warwick forfeited it to the Crown. By 1584 it had been passed to Robert Dormer, 1st Earl of Carnarvon. Robert was killed fighting on the Royalist side during the English Civil War at the first Battle of Newbury. His lands, including Buckland, were confiscated by the Parliamentarians but were recovered in 1653 by the Charles Dormer, 2nd Earl of Carnarvon and held until death in 1709. Through marriage it passed to Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield and remained in the family until George Hassall of Cholesbury acquired it around 1815. Subsequent Lords of the Manor included John Atkinson and Peter Parott.

The Church of All Saints, Buckland was built in 1284. A Wesleyan chapel was built in 1831.

Within the parish of Buckland lies the hamlet of Buckland Wharf, which refers to a landing stage on the Wendover Branch of the Grand Union Canal which passes through the village.

During the 1500s land at the southern end of the parish of Buckland which had been progressively cleared of scrub was transformed from an area of temporary summer pasture to one of permanent settlement subsequently to become known as Buckland Common. It remained a remote outpost of Buckland parish until becoming part of the newly created parish of Cholesbury-cum-St Leonards in 1934.

References

*cite book |last=Hay |first=David and Joan |title=Hilltop Villages of the Chilterns|year=1971 |publisher=Phillimore & Co Ltd |location=England |isbn=0 85033 505 1


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