Century Schoolbook

Century Schoolbook

Infobox font
name = Century Schoolbook

style = Serif
date = 1919
creator = Morris Fuller Benton
foundry = American Type Founders
foundries = Scangraphic, DTP Types, Elsner+Flake, URW, Bitstream, Monotype, Ascender Corporation

Century Schoolbook is a modern or didone classification serif typeface designed by Morris Fuller Benton in 1919 for the American Type Founders (ATF). It is classified as old style, but the Schoolbook variation has elements similar to the Didone classification. Century Schoolbook is based on the earlier Century Expanded typefaces begun by Linn Boyd Benton (Morris Fuller Benton's father) as a text and display face for "The Century Magazine" in 1890.

Century Schoolbook is familiar to many in North America as being the typeface many first learned to read with. Morris Fuller Benton utilized research that showed young readers more quickly identified letterforms with contrasting weight, but with the lighter strokes maintaining presence. Tests also showed the importance of maintaining counter-form (the white space around the black letterform) in recognizing the face at smaller sizes. In designing Century Schoolbook, Morris Fuller Benton increased the x-height, the stroke width, and overall letterspacing. The original ATF Century Schoolbook was designed without italics. Later revivals by Linotype and the International Typeface Corporation (ITC) added italics. Use of the typeface remains strong, for periodicals, textbooks, and literature. An infant variety also exists, which features single-story versions of the letters A and G. Although this version is not for sale to the general public, it can be seen in the "Spot" books by Eric Hill.

New Century Schoolbook

It is a version developed by Linotype on 1979-81 in the New York Lettering office of Merganthaler Linotype, designed by Matthew Carter. [ [http://typophile.com/node/13574 Century Schoolbook | ITC Century | New Century Schoolbook] ] The family includes separate fonts for Central European, Cyrillic, Greek, fractions.

New Century Schoolbook Roman, Italic, Bold, and Bold Italic are included as part of PostScript core font set.


It began as the "Shkolnaya" (School) font originally designed in 1939 by group of designers directed by Evgeny Chernevsky, based on Century Schoolbook. However, the design was completed only in 1949–61 at Polygraphmash type design bureau, by a design group headed by Elena Tsaregorodsteva, the leading member of the 1939 Chernevsky team. [ [http://typophile.com/node/12177 Typography During WWII] ]

The SchoolBook family includes 6 fonts in 2 weights and 2 widths each, but no italics on condensed fonts. It supports Central European, Cyrillic characters.


Grad is a variant based on the original ATF Century Schoolbook. [ [http://www.marksimonson.com/article/102/IntroducingGrad Introducing Grad] ]

ee also

* category
*List of typefaces


*Meggs, Philip and Rob Carter. "Typographic Specimens: The Great Typefaces." Van Nostrand Reinhold: 1993. ISBN 0-442-00758-2
*Meggs, Philip B. and Roy McKelvey. "Revival of the Fittest." RC Publications, Inc.: 2000. ISBN 1-883915-08-2

External links

* [http://typophile.com/node/13820 Typophile: Century]
* [http://www.microsoft.com/typography/fonts/family.aspx?FID=53 Microsoft Typography page]
* [http://www.linotype.com/en/1273/newcenturyschoolbook-family.html New Century Schoolbook Font Family - by Linotype Design Studio]
* [http://www.paratype.com/pstore/default.asp?fcode=PT_SCB ParaType: Schoolbook]

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