- Patrick Manning
Infobox Prime Minister
caption = Manning in 2008
name = Patrick Augustus Mervyn Manning
Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago
president = Arthur Robinson
George Maxwell Richards
24 December 2001
17 December 1991
09 November 1995
predecessor2 = Arthur Robinson
birth_date = birth date and age|1946|08|17|df=y
birth_place = San Fernando,
Trinidad and Tobago
party = PNM
Patrick Augustus Mervyn Manning (born
August 17, 1946) is the current Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, the Political Leader of the People's National Movement(PNM). He served as Prime Minister between 17 December 1991to 9 November 1995and since 24 December 2001, as Leader of the Opposition from 1986 to 1990 and from 1995 to 2001. He has been the Political Leader of the PNM since 1987. A geologist by training, Manning has served as Member of Parliamentfor the San Fernando East constituencysince 1971 and is currently the longest-serving member of the House of Representatives. [http://www.nalis.gov.tt/govbios/PatrickManning.htm Biographical Summary of the Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago] , from NALIS, the National Library and Information Service of Trinidad and Tobago]
Manning received his secondary education at
Presentation College, San Fernando Bachelor's Degreefrom the University of the West Indiesin Mona, Jamaicain 1969. After graduation he returned to Trinidad where he worked as a geologist for Texaco. He entered Parliament in 1971 representing the San Fernando East constituency.
After graduating from the University of the West Indies, Manning worked as a geologist with
TexacoTrinidad Ltd., until he ran for Parliament in 1971. Between 1971 and 1978 he served as Parliamentary Secretary in various Ministries before being appointed junior Minister in the Ministry of Finance. In 1979 he was given the additional position of junior Minister in the Office of the Prime Minister. In 1981 he was given a full Cabinet position of Minister of Information and Minister of Industry and Commerce. Between 1981 and 1986 he served as Minister of Energy and Natural Resources.
The 1986 General Elections the ruling PNM suffered an almost total defeat. Only three candidates won their seats; the Prime Minister,
George Chamberswas among the losing candidates. As one of the three successful PNM candidates, Manning was appointed Leader of the Opposition. In 1987 he was elected Political Leader of the PNM. A split in the ruling National Alliance for Reconstructionin 1988 left the PNM as the minority Opposition party, and in 1990 Basdeo Pandayrequested that he be appointed Leader of the Opposition.cite book | author=Meighoo, Kirk | title=Politics in a Half Made Society: Trinidad and Tobago, 1925-2002 | publisher=Ian Randle Publishers, Kingston, Jamaica | year=2003 |id=ISBN 976-637-079-6] .
Second term as Prime Minister
In 1995 Mr. Manning called a General Election one full year before it was constitutionally due. In this election both the PNM and the UNC won 17 seats each and the NAR won 2 seats. The UNC and the NAR united in a coalition and formed the government, Basdeo Panday replaced Manning as Prime Minister. Mr. Manning served as Leader of the Opposition once again, also losing the 2000 elections. The 2001 elections ended in a tie, with both the Opposition PNM and the governing
United National Congresswinning 18 seats. A. N. R. Robinson appointed Manning Prime Minister. Unable to elect a Speaker of the House of Representatives, Manning proceeded to rule without Parliament until the need to pass a Budget forced him to call elections in October 2002. His party won this election with 20 seats to 16 for the UNC and formed the new government.
Under the current PNM administration
income taxes have been substantially reduced and Corporation Tax has been reduced from 35% to 25% of profits for most companies. The Government has also re-instituted free universityeducation and founded a new University of Trinidad & Tobago. The economy is currently booming, primarily due to high natural gas and oil prices and to significant increases in natural gas production. Unemployment is currently at historic high levels, with many jobs being outsourced by Chinese immigrants in the construction industry.Violent crimes such as murders, rapes and kidnappings, rose sharply between 2002 and 2006, leading to widespread public dissatisfaction with the Government's ability to address crime. Under the Manning administration Trinidad and Tobago have been ranked 10th on highest murder rates in the world, as of September,2008 figure stand at 395 person killed in 2008 compared to 367 in 2007 .There are also two members of his political party, that are sitting Members of Parliament, who are currently on corruption charges, and a senior member of his Cabinet who is being investigated by the Integrity Commissionfor alleged corruption. Patrick Manning has been considered by citizens of Trinidad and Tobago to be an aspiring dictator with associations that includes Fidel Castro and Hugo Chavez.
In September 2007, he received an honorary doctorate from
Medgar Evers College, CUNY.
Third term as Prime Minister
In 2007, Manning called for a general election to be held on
November 4. The PNM won this election with 26 of the 41 seats and Manning began his third term as Prime Minister.
List of national leaders
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