Pankow [IPA|ˈpaŋkoː] is the third borough of
Berlin. In Berlin's 2001 administrative reformit was merged with the former boroughs of Prenzlauer Bergand Weißensee; the resulting borough retained the name Pankow.
Between 1945 and 1960, the
Majakowskiringstreet in the Niederschönhausenlocality of Pankow was the home to many members of the East German government. Western writers therefore often referred to "Pankow" as shorthand for the East German regime.
Rykestrasse Synagogue, Germany's largest synagogue, is located in the Prenzlauer Berg locality.
The Pankow borough consists of 13 localities:
The village of Pankow is named after the small
Pankeriver, a tributary of the Spree. The settlement was first mentioned in a 1311 deed by the Margraves of Brandenburg, though the " Four Evangelists" fieldstone churchhad already been erected about 1230. In 1691 Elector Frederick III acquired the neighbouring Schönhausen Palacefrom the heirs of General Joachim Ernst von Grumbkow, which promoted the development of the Pankow village.
In the 19th century Pankow turned into a suburb - and popular day trip destination - of Berlin. It was finally incorporated by the
Greater Berlin Actof 1920.
The Pankow locality is served by the U2 line of the
Berlin U-Bahnat the stations Vinetastraße and Pankow. S-Bahn service is available at the Berlin-Pankow, Pankow-Heinersdorf and Wollankstraße railway stations. Another connection to Berlin's inner cityis also provided by the "M1" line of the Berlin Straßenbahn.
Bundesstraße 96a federal highway from Berlin toward Oranienburgruns through the locality along "Mühlenstraße" and "Schönholzer Straße". Furthermore Pankow can be reached via the Bundesautobahn 114 from the Berliner Ring at the "Prenzlauer Promenade" junction.
Ashkelon, Israelsince 1994
Kołobrzeg, Polandsince 1994
Yalta, Ukrainesince 1992
* [http://www.berlin.de/ba-pankow/index.html Official homepage] de icon
* [http://www.berlin.de/english/ Official homepage of Berlin] en icon
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