Bradford Washburn

Bradford Washburn

Henry Bradford Washburn, Jr. (June 7, 1910 - January 10, 2007) was an explorer, mountaineer, photographer, and cartographer. He established the Boston Museum of Science, served as its director from 1939-1980, and from 1985 until his death served as its Honorary Director (a lifetime appointment).

Biography

Born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, he received an undergraduate degree from Harvard University. He returned to Harvard to earn a master’s degree in geology and geography in 1960.

Washburn was noted for his exploits in four areas. First, he was one of the leading American mountaineers in the 1920s through the 1950s, putting up first ascents and new routes on many major Alaskan peaks (often with his wife, Barbara Washburn, one of the pioneers among female mountaineers). Second, he pioneered the use of aerial photography in the analysis of mountains and in planning mountaineering expeditions. His thousands of striking black-and-white photos, mostly of Alaskan peaks and glaciers, are known for their wealth of informative detail and their artistry. They are the reference standard for route photos of Alaskan climbs.

Third, he was responsible for some of the finest maps ever made of mountain regions; his map of Mount McKinley and his map of Mount Everest are perhaps the most notable, although his map of the Presidential Range in New Hampshire was closer to home. Fourth, and not least, his stewardship of the Boston Museum of Science made it into a first-class museum.

It is especially remarkable to note that some of these achievements – in particular the Everest map and subsequent further work on the elevation and geology of Everest – were carried out in his 70s and 80s.

Washburn was also an avid pilot and made his first solo flight in a Fleet biplane at Boeing Field in Seattle in 1934. He earned his private flying license at Roosevelt Field on Long Island later that year.

Washburn embarked on a notable expedition in 1937 to Mount Lucania, 17,147 feet (5,226 m), in the Yukon. To do this he and climbing partner Robert Bates had to reach Walsh Glacier, 8,750 ft (2,670 m) above sea level. He called upon Bob Reeve, a famous Alaskan bush pilot, who later replied by cable to Washburn, "Anywhere you'll ride, I'll fly". The ski-equipped Fairchild F-51 made several trips to the landing site on the glacier without event in May, but on landing with Washburn and Bates in June, the plane sank into unseasonal slush. Washburn, Bates and Reeve pressed hard for five days to get the airplane out and Reeve was eventually able to get the airplane airborne with all excess weight removed and the assistance of a smooth icefall with a steep drop. Washburn and Bates continued on foot to make the first ascent of Lucania, and after an epic descent and journey to civilization,cite book | first = Stephen | last = Venables | authorlink = Stephen Venables | title = Voices from the Mountains | location= Pleasantville, NY | publisher = Reader's Digest | year = 2006 | isbn = 0-7621-0810-X | oclc = 68417016 | pages = 40-43 ] they hiked over 150 miles through the wilderness to safety in the small town of Burwash Landing in the Yukon. [ [http://www.adn.com/outdoors/story/9362435p-9276110c.html Anchorage Daily News. "Climber's exploits earned little recognition" by Craig Medred. October 7, 2007.] ]

Washburn gathered many awards over the course of his career, including nine honorary doctorates, the Centennial Award of the National Geographic Society (shared with his wife Barbara, the first woman to summit Mount McKinley), and the King Albert Medal of Merit.

He died of heart failure on January 10, 2007, at the age of 96, in a retirement home in Lexington, Massachusetts. In addition to his wife, he left a son, Edward H of Lexington, MA., and two daughters, Dorothy Dundas of Newton, MA and Elizabeth Cabot of Belmont, MA. [ [http://www.boston.com/news/globe/city_region/breaking_news/2007/01/bradford_washbu_1.html Bradford Washburn, father of modern Museum of Science, dies at 96 - Local News Updates - The Boston Globe ] ]

Washburn’s legacy now lives on with a new state-of-the-art museum named in his honor. The Bradford Washburn American Mountaineering Museum (BWAMM) is devoted to mountaineering, the mountains, science and art, and the dissemination of knowledge – all things that Washburn exemplified. BWAMM is a joint project of the American Alpine Club, Colorado Mountain Club, and National Geographic Society, and opened in Golden, Colorado, Feb. 16, 2008. [The Denver Post. "Mountaineering museum finds a home in Golden." Feb. 18, 2008. http://www.denverpost.com/search/ci_8299072]

elected Alaskan first ascents

* 1933: Pointed Peak, Fairweather Range, Saint Elias Mountains
* 1934: Mount Crillon, Fairweather Range, Saint Elias Mountains
* 1937: Mount Lucania, Saint Elias Mountains
* 1938: Mount Marcus Baker, Chugach Mountains
* 1938: Mount Sanford, Wrangell Mountains
* 1940: Mount Bertha, Fairweather Range, Saint Elias Mountains
* 1941: Mount Hayes, Alaska Range
* 1944: Mount Deception, Alaska Range
* 1945: Mount Silverthrone, Alaska Range
* 1947: McGonagall Mountain, Alaska Range
* 1951: West Buttress Route on Mount McKinley, Alaska Range
* 1951: Kahiltna Dome, Alaska Range
* 1955: Mount Dickey, Alaska Range

ources

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External links

* [http://www.washburnportfolio.com Photographing In High Places] A portfolio of ten photographs from the Alaska Range and the Yukon made between 1938 and 1978.
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/16/obituaries/16washburn.html?ex=1326603600&en=c454c2d633428a59&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss Obituary] in the New York Times
* [http://www.brightcove.com/channel.jsp?channel=174424160&firstVideo=48 Memorial film: "Remembering Brad Washburn"]
* [http://bwamm.org Bradford Washburn American Mountaineering Museum]
* [http://panopt.com/images.php?a=1 Collection of Washburn's photographs at Panopticon Gallery]


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  • Bradford Washburn — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Henry Bradford Washburn Jr. (7 de junio de 1910 10 de enero de 2007) fue un explorador, montañero, fotógrafo y cartógrafo extraordinario. Fue director del Museo de la Ciencia de Boston desde 1939 a 1980 y fue… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bradford Washburn — Henry Bradford Washburn Jr. (* 7. Juni 1910 in Cambridge, Massachusetts; † 10. Januar 2007 in Lexington, Mass.) war ein US amerikanischer Bergsteiger, Fotograf, Kartograf und Museumsdirektor. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ehrungen 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bradford Washburn — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Washburn. Henry Bradford Washburn, Jr., né le 7 juin 1910 à Cambridge (Massachusetts) et mort le 10 janvier 2007, était un explorateur, alpiniste, photographe et cartographe américain.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henry Bradford Washburn Jr. — Henry Bradford Washburn Jr. (* 7. Juni 1910 in Cambridge, Massachusetts; † 10. Januar 2007 in Lexington, Mass.) war ein US amerikanischer Bergsteiger, Fotograf, Kartograf und Museumsdirektor. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ehrungen 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Washburn — (alternatively Washbourne, Washburne, Washborn, DeWashborne, etc.) is an uncommon surname of English origins. The family can be traced back to the lands in Worcestershire and Gloucestershire, England called Little Washbourne and Great Washbourne …   Wikipedia

  • Washburn (disambiguation) — Washburn or Washburne may refer to:People*Barbara Washburn, first woman to climb Mount McKinley *Bradford Washburn, author *Cadwallader C. Washburn, businessman, soldier, congressman, governor of Wisconsin; son of Israel and Patty Washburn… …   Wikipedia

  • Washburn — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bradford Washburn (1910–2007), US amerikanischer Bergsteiger Bryant Washburn (1889–1963), US amerikanischer Schauspieler Cadwallader C. Washburn (1818–1882), US amerikanischer Politiker Emory Washburn… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bradford (Homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Bradford est un patronyme et un toponyme pouvant désigner : Sommaire 1 Patronyme 2 Prénom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Washburn — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Washburn peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Localités 1.1  Canada …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bradford (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Braford. Bradford est un patronyme et un toponyme …   Wikipédia en Français

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