- Thomas Luckmann
Thomas Luckmann (born
October 14 1927) is a German sociologist of Slovene origin. His main areas of research are the sociology of communication, Sociology of knowledge, sociology of religion, and the philosophy of science.
He was born as Tomaž Luckmann in the
Slovenian industrial border town of Jesenice, then part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. His father was an Austrian industrialist, while his mother was from a Slovene family from Ljubljana. On his mother side, he was the cousin of the Slovene poet Božo Vodušek. He grew up in a bilingual environment. In the family, they spoke both Slovene and German, and he attended Slovene-language schools in Jesenice until 1941, and then German ones. After World War Two, the family emigrated to Austria. Luckmann studied sociology at the University of Viennaand Innsbruck. He later moved to the United States, where he studied at the New School for Social Researchin New York.
He has worked as a professor for
Sociologyat the University of Constancein Germany. Since 1994 he is professor emeritus. He is married and has a daughter.
Luckmann is a follower of the phenomenological school of
sociology, established by the German-American scholar Alfred Schütz. In his works, he has developed a theory, known as social constructionism, which argues that all knowledge, including the most basic common sense knowledge of everyday reality, is derived from and maintained by social interactions. Luckmann is probably best known for the books " The Social Construction of Reality", written together with Peter L. Bergerin 1966, and "Structures of the Life-World", which he wrote with Alfred Schützin 1982.
Luckmann is a member of the
Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Artsand holds honorary doctorates from the Universities of Linköping and Ljubljana.
The Social Construction of Reality" (1966, with Peter L. Berger)
The Invisible Religion" (1967)
*"The Sociology of Language (1975)
Structures of the Life-World" (1982, with Alfred Schütz)
Life-World and Social Realities" (1983)
Frane Adam, "Tomaž Luckmann" in Thomas Luckmann, "Družba, komunikacija, smisel, transcendenca" (Ljubljana: Študentska založba, 2007)
*Patricija Maličev, "Thomas Luckmann. Človek s posebnostmi" in "
Delo", "Sobotna priloga" (April 12, 2008), 25-27
* [http://hirr.hartsem.edu/ency/luckmann.htm Encyclopedia of Religion and Society: Thomas Luckmann]
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