- Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist)
The party is registered with
Elections Canadaas the Marxist-Leninist Party of Canada. Elections Canada, the agency which oversees elections and political parties, claimed that, in order to avoid confusion among voters, it could not allow political parties to register with similar names. In this case, Elections Canada argues that allowing the party to use its preferred name could cause confusion with the Communist Party of Canada — a decision opposed by the CPC-ML.
=History and ideology=
Hardial Bainsfounded the "Internationalists" at the University of British Columbiaon March 13 1963. [ [http://www.cpcml.ca/PartyMonument/41stAnnivInternationalists.htm CPC(ML); 41st Anniversary of the Founding of The Internationalists] ] Bains had sided with the People's Republic of Chinain the emerging Sino-Soviet split, a view contrary to that of the Communist Party of Canada, and on that basis decided to work towards the formation of an anti-revisionist Party in Canada.
The Internationalists were initially a
Maoiststudent group but, as a result of their growth, they declared themselves a formal political party on March 31 1970and adopted the name Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist).
The party first ran candidates for the
Canadian House of Commonsduring the 1974 federal election but has had to run them as candidates of the "Marxist-Leninist Party of Canada" after Elections Canadaruled that the party's preferred name was too close to that of the Communist Party of Canada. However, the party continues to call itself the CPC-ML outside of its federal electoral activities.
The ideological trajectory of CPC-ML changed from Maoism and support for the
People's Republic of Chinaagainst what it saw as the revisionist (or Khrushchevite) Soviet Union, to later siding with Albaniaduring the Sino-Albanian splitthat came two years after the death of Mao Zedong. CPC-ML reoriented itself as an anti-revisionist party upholding the legacy of Enver Hoxhaand the Party of Labour of Albaniauntil the collapse of the Communist Albania in 1992.
During the 1980s, the CPC-ML adopted a slogan of "We are our own models" and began to seek a new ideological approach. Because of differences in theory, the CPC and CPC-ML have never united as one party.
Today, the CPC-ML tends to be supportive of the
Democratic People's Republic of Korea's right to self-determination, although it does not promote Kim Il Sungand Kim Jong-ilor Juchein the manner that it promoted Hoxha and Mao in previous years. The CPC-ML has developed a more independent line since the collapse of the Soviet bloc, prior to which it had a very stridently anti-revisionistposition, viewing the Soviet bloc as state capitalistFact|date=September 2008 and equivalent to the western bloc.Fact|date=September 2008 Bains visited Cubaseveral times in the 1990s which led him (and the CPC-ML) to revise his earlier views of Cuba as revisionist. The CPC-ML has become strongly supportive of Cuba and the Cuban Revolutionand now has close relations with the Cuban Embassy in Ottawaand prints the English language edition of the Cuban Communist Party's newspaper, "Granma", for Canadian distribution.
On January 1, 1995, the party put forward a broad program of work for the current period, which it has named the "Historic Initiative". This was further elaborated during its Seventh Congress.
Since 1997, the party's leader has been Bains' widow,
Sandra L. Smith. Smith has never run as a candidate in a general election despite being the party's leader.
CPC-ML members are active in several
trade unions, particularly the Canadian Union of Postal Workersand the United Steelworkers of Americawhose important Stelcolocal (Local 1005) in Hamilton, Ontariois led by Rolf Gerstenberger, a party member. Local 1005 is one of several USWA locals at Stelco. USWA officials rely on other Stelco local officials to act as official spokespeople for the union in its dealings with the company and the courts, effectively isolating Gerstenberger.Fact|date=February 2007 However, Gerstenberger has received support from Carolyn EganFact|date=February 2007 president of USWA Local 8300, based in Toronto, and of the Steelworkers Toronto Area Council. CPC-ML has also been active in the movement against the wars in Iraqand Afghanistan.
The party, if elected, would establish a Citizen's Committee for Democratic Renewal, or CCDR, that would nominate candidates for federal office. This would remove the process from the control of each political party's riding association, and establish what they see as a more equitable approach to the issue of democracy.
In recent years the party has adopted its own "Contemporary Marxist-Leninist Thought". Its Eighth Party Congress was to be held in 2005 with the theme ""Laying the Foundations for the Mass Communist Party" [http://www.cpcml.ca/Tmld2005/D35052.htm] , but the congress was delayed due to the Federal Election [http://www.cpcml.ca/Tmld2006/D36046.htm] . The congress was held in September 2008.
The CPC-ML has a news-sheet, "The Marxist-Leninist Daily", a youth wing, the Communist Youth Union of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) and also operates the "Workers Centre" which helps educate and organize trade unionists through discussion groups, and a magazine, "Worker's Forum". The party often conducts broader political activity under the name "People's Front" and uses that name for the
British Columbiaprovincial wing of the party. (see People's Front (British Columbia). In Ontarioprovincial elections, CPC-ML supporters have most recently run as Independent Renewal candidates.
The party has run candidates in Canadian federal elections since 1972, with the number of candidates in any one election ranging from as few as 51 and as many as 177. Most of its candidates have run in the provinces of Ontario and
Quebec. It was most prominent in the 1979 federal election and 1980 federal election, running under the slogan "Make the rich pay".
Its slogan in the 2004 federal election was "Annexation no! Sovereignty yes!"
The party also nominated candidates in several
September 8, 1980- 0 elected
Hamilton West- 30 960 total votes - 120 votes received - 0.39%
February 13, 1995- 0 elected
Ottawa—Vanier- 19 843 total votes - 61 votes received - 0.3%
Saint-Henri—Westmount- 16 697 total votes - 47 votes received - 0.28%
September 14, 1998- 0 elected
** Sherbrooke - 36 446 total votes - 72 votes received - 0.19%
Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) (in Manitoba)
Parti marxiste-léniniste du Québec
People's Front (British Columbia)
Marxist-Leninist Party candidates, 2006 Canadian federal election
Marxist-Leninist Party candidates, 2004 Canadian federal election
Marxist-Leninist Party candidates, 2000 Canadian federal election
Marxist-Leninist Party candidates, 1997 Canadian federal election
Marxist-Leninist Party candidates, 1993 Canadian federal election
Independent Renewal candidates, 2003 Ontario provincial election
Anarchist Party of Canada (Groucho-Marxist)
* [http://www.mlpc.ca/ The Marxist-Leninist Homepage]
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