Federal Republic of Germany, the Ladenschlussgesetz or "Shop Closing Law" (abbreviated: LadSchlG) is the federal law regulating at which times retail stores were required to be closed to the public. The "Ladenschlussgesetz" in its current form was first enacted on 28 November 1956following pressure from Germany's trade unions; in its last revision (of 2 June 2003), points of sale "(Verkaufsstellen)" must be closed at any of the following times:
# On Sundays and public
# On working days (Monday through Saturday) before 06:00 and after 20:00;
December 24before 06:00 and after 14:00 if that date falls on a working day
The law provides differing regulations for pharmacies, petrol stations, shops at train stations and airports, etc.
30 June 2006, as part of the "Föderalismusreform" ("Federalism Reform"), the regulatory responsibility for this area was devolved to the German states. The net effect, although the Federal law technically remains in force, the states are free to determine the opening hours of retail stores in their areas.
List of German States with Varying Shop Opening Hours
The states have each adopted individual regulations concerning opening hours on Sundays and public holidays. Some continue to observe the existing Federal rules, while others have liberalized them somewhat, although the general Federal ban concerning opening on Sundays and holidays remains in effect, owing to a provision in the German constitution recognizing Sunday as a day of rest and a corresponding decision of the Federal Constitutional Court "(
Bundesverfassungsgericht)" on 9 June 2004.
"(Shops may be open as desired at any hour (day or night) Monday through Saturday)"
Baden-WürttembergEffective date: 6 March 2007
BerlinEffective date: 14 November 2006
BrandenburgEffective date: 1 December2006
*Bremen Effective date:
HamburgEffective date: 1 January2007
HesseEffective date: 1 December2006
Lower SaxonyEffective date: 21 November 2006
North Rhine-WestphaliaEffective date: 21 November2006
Schleswig-HolsteinEffective date: 1 December2006
"(Shops may be open as desired at any hour (day or night) Monday through Friday, with restrictions on Saturday opening hours)"
Mecklenburg-Western PomeraniaEffective date: 2 July2007"Shops may be open until 10 pm on Saturdays."
Saxony-AnhaltEffective date: 30 November2006 and
ThuringiaEffective date: 24 November2006"Shops may be open until 8 pm on Saturdays; rules for Sundays and holidays follow the existing Federal law."
Rhineland-PalatinateEffective date: 29 November2006 and
SaxonyEffective date: 1 April2007"Shops may be open Monday through Saturday from 6 am to 10 pm each day."
(Existing) Federal Shop-Opening Scheme
Saarland(minor modifications concerning opening on Sundays and holidays)
* [http://bundesrecht.juris.de/ladschlg/ Full text (German)]
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