Wit is a form of intellectual
humour. A wit (person) is someone skilled in making witty remarks. Forms of wit include: the quip and the repartee.
Forms of wit
As in the wit of Parker's set, the
Algonquin Round Table, witty remarks may be intentionally cruel (as in many epigrams), and perhaps more ingenious than funny.
A quip is an observation or saying that has some wit but perhaps descends into
sarcasm, or otherwise is short of point; a witticism also suggests the diminutive. Repartee is the wit of the quick answer and capping comment: the snappy comeback and neat retort. (Wilde: "I wish I'd said that." Whistler: "You will, Oscar, you will".)
In French one can distinguish between the ', a witty remark actually produced, and the ', the thing one should have said that typically comes to mind too late to be of any use.
Wit in poetry
poetryis characteristic of metaphysical poetryas a style, and was prevalent in the time of English playwright Shakespeare, who admonished pretension with the phrase "Better a witty fool than a foolish wit". It may combine word playwith conceptual thinking, as a kind of verbal display requiring attention, without intending to be laugh-aloud funny; in fact wit can be a thin disguise for more poignant feelings that are being versified. English poet John Donneis the representative of this style of poetry.
More generally, one's wits are one's intellectual powers of all types. Native wit — meaning the wits with which one is born — is closely synonymous with
common sense. To live by one's wits is to be an opportunist, not always of the scrupulous kind. To have one's wits about one is to be alert and capable of quick reasoning.
John Wilkeswas famous in the 18th Century for his wit in response to insults. Mark Twainand Oscar Wilde, Dorothy Parkerand Groucho Marxare considered archetypal 19th and 20th century wits — sometimes even having the remarks of others attributed to them. Also of the twentieth century was British prime minister Winston Churchill, with perhaps the most well documented witticisms of his time. Oliver St. John Gogartywas a renowned Dublinwit and surgeon, while John Philpot Curranwas an Irish lawyer who would disrupt court hearings with his witticisms. Ksawery Tartakoweris usually described as chess grandmaster"and" wit. John Lennonof famous pop group The Beatleswas notorious for his sharp and cutting wit, often being labeled "the witty Beatle". The late David Lange, the Prime Minister of New Zealand in the 1980s, immortalized with his nuclear-free legislation, is another well-known historical figure who is remembered for his quick wit. The satirist Peter Cookwas known for his quick wit.
New Oxford Wits
* D. W. Jefferson, "Tristram Shandy" and the Tradition of Learned Wit" in "Essays in Criticism", 1(1951), 225-48
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.