- 323 BC
10 June— In Babylon, Alexander the Greatdies, ten days after being taken ill after a prolonged banquet and drinking bout.
Partition of Babylonsets out the division of the territories conquered by Alexander the Great between his generals. The partition is a result of a compromise, essentially brokered by Eumenes, following a conflict of opinion between the party of Meleager, who wishes to give full power to Philip III (the illegitimate son of King Philip II of Macedonby Philinna of Larissa), and the party of Perdiccas, who wishes to wait for the birth of the heir of Alexander and his wife, Roxana(the future Alexander IV) to give him the throne under the control of a regent.
* Under the agreement, Philip III becomes king, but Perdiccas, as the regent, effectively becomes the ruler of Alexander's empire. Perdiccas manages the partition of the territories between the former generals and
satraps of Alexander who support him in his dispute with Meleager. This settlement leaves:
Antipaterin control of Macedonia and Greece(jointly with Alexander's chief lieutenant Craterus);
** Laomedon governing
Philotaslooking after Cilicia;
** Antigonus gaining the governorship of
** Neoptolemus with
** Ptolemy as governor of Egypt;
Eumenesof Cardiaas governor of Cappadociaand Paphlagonia; and
Lysimachusbecomes governor of Thrace.
* Perdiccas exercises a wide authority in Asia as "supreme general". Perdiccas largely leaves Alexander's arrangements intact:
Taxilesand Porusare to rule over their kingdoms in India;
** Alexander's father-in-law
Sibyrtiusgoverns Arachosiaand Gedrosia;
Stasanorrules in Aria and Drangiana;
** Philip controls
Phrataphernesrules Parthiaand Hyrcania;
** Tlepolemus is left in charge of
Atropatesgoverns northern Media;
Archon of Pellacontrols Babylonia; and
** Arcesilas rules northern
* Meleager and about 300 of his partisans are killed by forces loyal to Perdiccas. The first wife of Alexander, Roxana, arranges for Alexander's second wife,
Stateira( Barsine), to be killed.
* Some of the northern Greek cities, including
Athens, revolt against the Macedonian regent, Antipater, following the news of Alexander's death. Athens' actions are incited by the speeches of the Athenian general Leosthenesand the Athenian orator Hypereides. Joined by cities in central and northern Greece, the Athenians defeat Antipater in battle. They force him to take refuge in Lamia, where he is besieged for several months by the Greek allies.
* The Greek philosopher and scientist,
Aristotle, faces a strong anti-Macedonian reaction in Athens following the death of Alexander the Great. Aristotle is accused of impiety by the Athenians. However, he escapes to Chalcisin Euboea.
Theophrastus, who has been studying in Athens under Aristotle, becomes the head of the Lyceum, the academy in Athens founded by Aristotle, when Aristotle is forced to leave Athens.
* Following Alexander the Great's death, the Athenians recall
Demosthenesfrom exile and provide the money to pay his fine.
Alexander IV of Macedon, son of Alexander the Greatand Roxana(d. 309 BC).
June 10— Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia and conqueror of the Persian Empire(b. 356 BC)
Diogenes of Sinope, Greek philosopher(b. c. 412 BC)
* Meleager, Macedonian general who has served with
Alexander the Great
* Lycurgus, Athenian statesman and orator (b. c.
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