Kyoto school (art)

Kyoto school (art)

The Kyoto school (京都派 "-ha") was a collection of several styles and schools of Japanese painting of the late Edo period. Though there are many broad similarities between the styles within the school, these styles display key differences that separate them. Many were in fact reactions to one another, an artist or group of artists seeking to express themselves differently from those around them.

One of the more prominent schools under the Kyoto school umbrella was the Shijō school, named after the street where many of the artists had their studios. "Shijō" (四条) literally translates to 'fourth avenue.' This school sought to produce a synthesis of the more realistic style of Maruyama Ōkyo with that of the "nanga" or Southern School styles. Mori Sosen was one of the more prominent painters in the Shijō school.

The "nanga" or Southern School, meanwhile, rebelled against the realism of Ōkyo and the Shijō artists, seeking to return to the inspiration and style of China's Southern School.


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