- Northern Ireland Women's Coalition
Northern Ireland Women's Coalition Leader Monica McWilliams
Founded 1996 Dissolved 2006 Ideology Nonsectarianism
Politics of Northern Ireland
The Northern Ireland Women's Coalition was a minor political party in Northern Ireland. It was founded in 1996 by Catholic academic Monica McWilliams and Protestant social worker Pearl Sagar to contest the elections to the Northern Ireland Forum, the body for all-party talks which led to the Belfast Agreement. The party did not espouse a particular ideology and campaigned principally around the fact that it was led by women rather than men. It declined to take any position on whether Northern Ireland should be part of the United Kingdom or the Republic of Ireland, but strongly opposed sectarian violence from both sides. It attracted support from former supporters of the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland, but also the Social Democratic and Labour Party and the Ulster Unionist Party.
In the 1996 Forum elections McWilliams, Sagar and eight other Coalition candidates secured 7,731 votes (1.03% of the total) and did not win any constituency seats, but under a 'top-up' mechanism to ensure the representation of minor parties they were awarded two seats as Members of the Northern Ireland Forum, taken by McWilliams and Sagar. They attended the negotiations dominated by the other 108 representatives and supported (but did not, as often reported, sign) the ensuing intergovernmental Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement. The party claimed credit for the inclusion of a commitment to integrated education in the agreement.
In the Northern Ireland Assembly election, 1998, the NIWC secured 13,018 votes (1.6%) and McWilliams, representing South Belfast, and Jane Morrice, representing North Down, were elected to the inaugural Northern Ireland Assembly. The party secured 3,301 votes (0.4%) and one council seat in the Northern Ireland local elections, 2001; McWilliams also stood unsuccessfully as a candidate in the United Kingdom general election, 2001, securing 2,968 votes (0.4% of the Northern Ireland total).
Both its MLAs lost their seats in the Northern Ireland Assembly Elections, 2003, when the party's vote fell to 5,785 (0.8%), and its last remaining elected representative lost her seat on North Down Borough Council in 2005 when the NIWC secured 0.1% of the Northern Ireland vote. The party never contested another election and on May 11, 2006 the Women's Coalition was formally wound up at a function held in Belfast.
- NIWC 1998 Northern Ireland Assembly Election Manifesto - A New Voice for New Times
- NIW 2001 Local Government Election Manifesto
- Coalition stands in South Belfast
- Women's party to fight on
- Feminist parties
- Defunct political parties in Northern Ireland
- Political parties established in 1996
- Political parties disestablished in 2006
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