- Ashbourne, Derbyshire
Infobox UK place
region= East Midlands
population= 7,112 (Parish)
constituency_westminster= West Derbyshire
static_image_caption=Catherine Booth - A famous daughter of Ashbourne
Ashbourne is a small picturesque market
townin the Derbyshire Dales, England. It has a population of just over 7,000.
Ashbourne is known for its annual two day "Royal Shrovetide Football Match" in which one half of the town plays the other at
football, using the town as the pitch and with the goals three miles apart. As many as several thousand players compete for two days with a hand-painted, cork-filled ball. The game is played over two eight-hour periods, the goals are three miles apart and there are only a few rules. There are just two teams - the Up'ards and the Down'ards. Shrovetide football has been played for centuries and possibly for over 1,000 years. It is a moving brawl which continues through the roads of the town, across fields and even along the bed of the local river. There have been intermittent attempts to ban the game but none have been successful.
The town advertises itself as 'The Gateway to
Tissington Trail, a popular recreational walk and cycle path, starts at Mapleton Lane on the northern outskirts of town and follows the course of the former Ashbourne to Buxton railway, running from what was Ashbourne railway stationthrough the village of Tissingtonand joining the High Peak Trail(the old Cromford and High Peak Railway) at Parsley Hay. The line, which had been built in 1894, closed to regular passenger traffic in 1954, and all services on the Ashbourne- Parsley Haysection, including excursion traffic, ceased in 1964.
The line continued down the Dove to Rocester near
Uttoxeterwhere it joined the main North Staffordshire Railway. This southern link had opened in 1899. It also closed to passengers in 1954, finishing completely in the early '60s.
A branch of the
Limestone Wayalso starts in the town.
Ashbourne Churches Together (ACT) has a link with the Diocese of
Patnain the ecumenical Church of North India. Regular visits take place in both directions and members of ACT are currently sponsoring the education of children in a school in Bihar, one of the poorest states in India.
Ashbourne became the 97th
Fairtrade Townin March 2005 after many businesses, cafes, shops and community organisations started supporting Fairtrade[ [http://www.ashbournefairtrade.org.uk Ashbourne Fairtrade Town Initiative] ] .
Catherine Booth'Mother of the Salvation Armywas born here [ [http://www.s9.com/Biography/Booth-Catherine Catherine Booth Biography at S9] accessed June 2007] in 1829
*Thomas Brown, Garter King of Arms was born here in 1708
Henry Cantrell, clergymanand religious controversialist, was born here in 1684 ["Cantrell, Henry, Church of England clergyman and religious controversialist" by David L. Wykes in Dictionary of National Biography(OUP, 2004)]
George Hayne(died 1723), merchant and entrepreneur
Francis Charles Robert Jourdain(1865-1940), ornithologist
Catherine PeggeMistress to Charles II, mother to Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouthresident of Yeldersley.
David Redfern(born 1935), photographer
Dave Tyack(1978-c. 2002), guitarist and singer
*Ashbourne is located at coord|53|01|00|N|01|43|00|W| (53.0167, -1.7167)1.
* [http://www.ashbourne-town.com Ashbourne Town Official Website]
* [http://www.visitashbourne.co.uk Visit Ashbourne site]
* [http://www.ashbournefairtrade.org.uk Ashbourne Fairtrade Town Initiative]
* [http://www.ashbournerufc.co.uk Ashbourne Rugby Union Footbal Club]
* [http://www.ashbournedivers.co.uk Ashbourne Sub-Aqua Club]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.