London Naval Conference

London Naval Conference

There were three major international naval conferences in London, the first in 1908-09, the second in 1930 and the third in 1935. The latter two, together with the Washington Naval Conference in 1921-22 and the Geneva Conferences (1927 and 1932), resulted in agreements between the major powers on navy vessel numbers, armaments and the rules of engagement in the inter-war period.

First conference

The first conference was a continuation of the debates of the 2nd Hague Conference, with the United Kingdom hoping for the formation of an International Prize Court. Ten nations sent representatives, the main naval powers of Europe and the United States and Japan. The conference met from December 4, 1908 to February 26, 1909. The agreements were issued as the Declaration of London, containing seventy-one articles it restated much existing international maritime law.

The signatories' governments did not all ratify the Declaration and it never went into effect. During the First World War the neutral United States pushed for the major antagonists to respect the treaty, hoping that the good protection in the Declaration for neutral vessels would be enforced.

econd conference

The London conference of January 21 to April 22 1930 was concerned with the agreements reached in Washington in 1922 that resulted in the Washington Naval Treaty. The UK, the USA, France, Italy and Japan attended. The major change was in battleship tonnage, altering the ratio between Britain, the US and Japan from 5:5:3 to 10:10:7, France and Italy excluded themselves from the new ratio agreement. All five agreed to a five-year halt on capital ship construction, tighter controls on submarine warfare, and the continuation of limits on aircraft carriers signed in the London Naval Treaty. The next meeting was planned for 1935.

Third conference

The December 1935 meeting was held with the treaties having a year to run. It marked the effective collapse of the controls, as Japan withdrew from the agreement after her requests for parity in naval power with the big two were rejected. The remaining powers signed a weak agreement, the Second London Naval Treaty, on tonnage and the UK, France and the USA agreed a ratio of construction. All five powers were constructing vessels violating the agreements by 1938.

ee also

*London Naval Treaty
*Second London Naval Treaty

External links

* [http://www.indiana.edu/~league/conferencedata.htm League of Nations list of conferences]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • London Naval Conference, 1935-1936 —    The London Naval Conference was a conference held in London, England, between the United States, Great Britain, and Japan that met between December 1935 and March 1936 to consider Japanese protests against the earlier Washington Naval Treaty… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • London Naval Conference — (Jan. 21–April 22, 1930) Conference held in London to discuss naval disarmament and review the treaties of the Washington Conference. Representatives of Britain, the U.S., France, Italy, and Japan agreed to regulate submarine warfare and to place …   Universalium

  • Naval conference — The term naval conference can refer to various conferences that took place during the early 20th century which aimed to regulate naval warfare and armaments. These agreements were completely abandoned by the time World War II had started in 1939 …   Wikipedia

  • London Naval Treaty — The London Naval Treaty was an agreement between the United Kingdom, the Empire of Japan, France, Italy and the United States, signed on April 22, 1930, which regulated submarine warfare and limited naval shipbuilding.Terms of the TreatyIt was an …   Wikipedia

  • Geneva Naval Conference — The Geneva Naval Conference was a conference held to discuss naval arms limitation, held in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1927. This is a separate conference from the later general disarmament conference, the Geneva Conference (1932).Badly needed… …   Wikipedia

  • Second London Naval Treaty — The Second London Naval Disarmament Conference opened in London, the United Kingdom, on December 9, 1935. It resulted in the Second London Naval Treaty which was signed on March 25, 1936. The signatories were the governments of France, the United …   Wikipedia

  • London Declaration concerning the Laws of Naval War — See also: London Declaration The London Declaration concerning the Laws of Naval War is an international code of maritime law, especially as it relates to wartime activities, proposed in 1909 at the London Naval Conference by the leading European …   Wikipedia

  • conference — conferential /kon feuh ren sheuhl/, adj. /kon feuhr euhns, freuhns/, n., v., conferenced, conferencing. n. 1. a meeting for consultation or discussion: a conference between a student and his adviser. 2. the act of conferring or consulting… …   Universalium

  • naval — navally, adv. /nay veuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to warships: a naval battle; naval strength. 2. of or pertaining to ships of all kinds: naval architecture; naval engineer. 3. belonging to, pertaining to, or connected with a navy: naval… …   Universalium

  • London — /lun deuhn/, n. 1. Jack, 1876 1916, U.S. short story writer and novelist. 2. a metropolis in SE England, on the Thames: capital of the United Kingdom. 3. City of, an old city in the central part of the former county of London: the ancient nucleus …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”