Carlist Wars

Carlist Wars

History of Spain


caption=
The Carlist Wars in Spain were the last major European civil wars in which pretenders fought to establish their claim to a throne. Several times during the period from 1833 to 1876 the Carlists — followers of Infante Carlos (later Carlos V) and his descendants — rallied to the cry of "God, Country, and King" and fought for the cause of Spanish tradition (Legitimism and Catholicism) against the liberalism, and later the republicanism, of the Spanish governments of the day.

When Ferdinand VII of Spain died in 1833, his fourth wife Maria Cristina became Queen regent on behalf of their infant daughter Isabella II. This splintered the country into two factions known as the Cristinos (or Isabelinos) and the Carlists. The Cristinos were the supporters of the Queen Regent and her government. The Carlists were the supporters of Carlos V, a pretender to the throne and brother of the deceased Ferdinand VII, who denied the validity of the Pragmatic Sanction of 1830 that abolished the semi Salic Law (he was born before 1830).

*The First Carlist War lasted over seven years and the fighting spanned most of the country at one time or another, although the main conflict centered on the Carlist homelands of the Basque Country and Aragon, Catalonia and Valencia.

*The Second Carlist War was a minor Catalonian uprising lasting two years from 1846 to 1849. The rebels tried to install Carlos VI on the throne. In Galicia, the uprising was put down by General Ramón María Narváez.

*The Third Carlist War began in the aftermath of the deposition of one ruling monarch and abdication of another. Queen Isabella II was overthrown by a conspiracy of liberal generals in 1868, and left Spain in some disgrace. The Cortes(Parliament) replaced her with Amadeo, the Duke of Aosta (and second son of King Victor Emmanuel of Italy). Then, when the Spanish elections of 1872 resulted in government violence against Carlist candidates and a swing away from Carlism, the Carlist pretender, Carlos VII, decided that only force of arms could win him the throne. The Third Carlist War began. It lasted until 1876.

*The Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) was considered by the Carlists as yet another crusade against secularism. In spite of the victory of their side, General Franco frustrated the pretensions of the Carlist monarchism and subsumed their militias into the Nationalist army and their political party (Comunión Tradicionalista) into his National Movement (Falange Tradicionalista y de las J.O.N.S.).


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carlist Wars — (1833–1840, 1847–1849, 1872–1876)    Three wars in Spain fought during the period from 1833 to 1876. The Carlists were members of a conservative political movement in Spain with the goal of establishing an alternate branch of the Bourbon dynasty… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Carlist Rieekan — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • First Carlist War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=First Carlist War partof=Carlist Wars place=Spain casus=Civil war between conservatives and liberals centered around the succession of King Ferdinand VII of Spain territory= result=Liberal victory… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Spanish wars — List of Spanish wars* 218 BC 17 BC Roman Conquest of Hispania* 711 718 Umayyad conquest of Hispania* 722 1492 Reconquista* 1494 1559 Italian Wars* 1546 1774 Arauco War* 1568 1648 Eighty Years War* 1585 1604 Anglo Spanish War (1585)* 1618 1648… …   Wikipedia

  • List of civil wars — Warfare Military history Eras Prehistoric Ancient Medieval Gunpowder Industrial …   Wikipedia

  • List of minor Star Wars Rebel characters — This is a list of minor characters in the fictional Star Wars universe who are part of the Rebel Alliance.Antilles, RaymusSW Character name=Raymus Antilles caption= color=Rebels source= position=Captain of the Tantive IV, prince of Alderaan… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Star Wars characters — This is an incomplete list of prominent characters from the Star Wars franchise, sorted by last name. Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z See also – …   Wikipedia

  • List of wars 1800–1899 — 1800 1809= *1800 War of the Castes in Haiti *1801 War of the Oranges *1801 1805 First Barbary War *1801 1807 Temme War *1802 1805 Second War of Haitian Independence *1802 1805 Second Anglo Maratha War *1803 1804 British Expedition to Ceylon *1803 …   Wikipedia

  • Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back — For other uses, see The Empire Strikes Back (disambiguation). Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back Theatrical poster by Roger Kastel[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Liste des personnages de Star Wars — Cet article décrit les personnages fictifs de la saga de Star Wars par ordre alphabétique. Certains noms ont été francisés dans les premiers films (épisodes IV, V et VI) principalement dans un souci de synchronisation entre les lèvres des acteurs …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”