Johann Ludwig Krebs

Johann Ludwig Krebs

Johann Ludwig Krebs (1713–February 1, 1780), was a Baroque period musician and composer primarily for the pipe organ.

Life

Krebs was born in 1713 in Weimar, Germany to Johann Tobias Krebs, a well known organist. J. Tobias had at least three sons who were considered musically talented, and J. Ludwig was sent to Leipzig to study organ, lute, and the violin.cite web|title=Bach Cantatas Biography of Krebs|url=http://www.bach-cantatas.com/Lib/Krebs-Johann-Ludwig.htm|accessdate=2007-10-14]

Krebs was privileged enough to be taught by Johann Sebastian Bach on the organ. Bach (who had also instructed J. Ludwig’s father) held Krebs in high standing. From a technical standpoint, Krebs was unrivaled next to Bach in his organ proficiency. However, it was quite difficult for Krebs to obtain a patron or a post at any cathedral. This can be attributed to the fact that by this time the Baroque tradition was being left behind in favor of the new Galant Music Style. This point in time also marked the transition to the Classical Music Era, with composers such as Bach's son, C.P.E. Bach.

Krebs took a small post in Zwickau , and later in 1755 (five years after the death of Bach and the official end of the Baroque period) he was appointed court organist of Gotha–Altenburg under Prince Friedrich. Krebs was so desperate at the time that he did not work for money but instead for food to feed his family (including seven children). Despite never holding a significant post, never being a court composer, and never being commissioned for a work, Krebs was able to compose quite a significant collection of works, though few were published until the 1900s.

Works

Krebs received excellent training from Bach, and his counterpoint is considered by many to be comparable to Bach's. His work is considered to be of excellent quality, though at the time it was oldfashioned, and excessively complex for the Galant era, that espoused clarity and simplicity.

Krebs’s Fantasia in F minor for oboe and organ is one of his most expressive and his most famous works, as is the "Eight Short Preludes and Fugues" that are sometimes attributed to him as well as to his father and J.S. Bach, as well as two large scale concerti for lute and orchestra. Krebs's three sons went on to become well known performers in their day, and one of them became a noted Lieder composer.

References

External links

*WIMA|idx=J.L.Krebs|name=Johann Ludwig Krebs
*IMSLP|id=Krebs%2C_Johann_Ludwig|cname=Johann Ludwig Krebs
* [http://www.virtuallybaroque.com/list2l.htm Audio of works by Krebs played on virtual instruments]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Johann Ludwig Krebs — (getauft 12. Oktober 1713 in Buttelstedt; † 1. Januar 1780 in Altenburg) war ein deutscher Komponist und Organist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Ludwig Krebs — (1713 1780 ) fue un músico del Barroco y organista alemán. Fue el tercer hijo de Johann Tobias Krebs (1690 1762), quien desde el año 1710 era Cantor en la ciudad de Buttelstedt; esto no le impidió ir caminando, dos veces por semana, a Weimar para …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Johann Tobias Krebs — (July 7, 1690 February 11, 1762), was a German organist and composer. Krebs was born near Weimar, and died in the same area. He is known as student of Johann Gottfried Walther and Johann Sebastian Bach.He is believed to be the composer of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Johann Gottfried Krebs — (getauft 29. Mai 1741 in Zwickau; † 5. Januar 1814 in Altenburg) war ein deutscher Kantor, Organist und Komponist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Weblinks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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