- Lublin Voivodeship
name = Lublin Voivodeship
image_shield = POL województwo lubelskie COA.svg
map_caption = Location within Poland
map_caption1 = Division into counties
parts_type = Counties
parts=4 cities, 20 land counties *
Biała Podlaska|p2= Chełm|p3= Lublin|p4= Zamość|p5= Biała Podlaska County|p6= Biłgoraj County|p7= Chełm County|p8= Hrubieszów County|p9= Janów Lubelski County|p10= Kraśnik County|p11= Krasnystaw County|p12= Łęczna County|p13= Lubartów County|p14= Lublin County|p15= Łuków County|p16= Opole Lubelskie County|p17= Parczew County|p18= Puławy County|p19= Radzyń Podlaski County|p20= Ryki County|p21= Świdnik County|p22= Tomaszów Lubelski County|p23= Włodawa County|p24= Zamość County
area_total_km2 = 25155
population_total = 2175251
population_as_of = 2006
population_density_km2 = auto
footnotes = * further divided into 213
Lublin Voivodeship (also known as Lublin Province, or _pl. województwo lubelskie IPA-pl| [|w|o|j|e|'|w|u|c|t|f|o|-|l|u|'|b|e|l|sIPA-pl|k|j|e|] or simply "Lubelskie") is a voivodeship, or
province, in eastern Poland. It was created on January 1, 1999, out of the former Lublin, Chełm, Zamość, Biała Podlaska and (partially) Tarnobrzeg and Siedlce Voivodeships, pursuant to the 1998 Local Government Reorganization Act. The province is named after its largest city and regional capital, Lublin.
Lublin Voivodeship is bordered by
Subcarpathian Voivodeshipto the south, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeshipto the south-west, Masovian Voivodeshipto the west and north, Podlaskie Voivodeshipalong a short boundary to the north, and Belarusand Ukraineto the east. The province's population as of 2006 was 2,175,251. It covers an area of convert|25155|km2|sqmi|0.
The that encompasses
Lublin, and approximates Lublin Voivodeship as it was prior to the Partitions of Poland, is known as "Lubelszczyzna". Provinces centred on Lublin have existed throughout much of Poland's history; for details see the section below on Previous Lublin Voivodeships.
The region was, prior to World War II, one of the world's leading centres of
Judaism. Before the middle of the 16th century, there were few Jews in the area, concentrated in Lublin, Kazimierz Dolny, and perhaps Chełm; but the founding of new private towns led to a large movement of Jews into the region to develop trade and services. Since these new towns competed with the existing towns for business, there followed a low-intensity but long lasting feeling of resentment, with failed attempts to limit the Jewish immigration. The Jews tended to settle mostly in the cities and towns, with only individual families setting up businesses in the rural regions; this urban/rural division became another factor feeding resentment of the newly arrived economic competitors. By the middle of the 18th century, Jews were a significant part of the population in Kraśnik, Lubartówand Łęczna. By the 20th century, Jews represented greater than 70% of the population in eleven towns, and close to 100% of the population of Laszczówand Izbica. From this region came both religious figures such as Mordechai Josef Leinerof Izbica, Chaim Israel Morgensternof Puławy, and Motele Rokeachof Biugoraj, as well as famous secular authors Israel Joshua Singerand Isaac Bashevis Singer. The "Old Town" of the city of Lublincontained a famous yeshiva, Jewish hospital, synagogue, cemetery, and kahal, as well as the Grodzka Gate(known as the Jewish Gate).
Before the war, there were 300,000
Jewsliving in the region, which became the site of the Majdanekand Belzecconcentration camps as well as several labour camps( Trawniki, Poniatowa, Budzyn, Puławy, Zamość, Biała Podlaska, and the Lublin work camps Lindenstraße 7(Lipowa Street), Flugplatz, and Sportplatz) which produced military supplies for the Wehrmachtand Luftwaffe). This was once one of the biggest forced labour centres in occupied Europe, with approximately 45,000 Jewish prisoners. As well, the Sobibór extermination campwas located in the Lublin Voivodeship. After the war, the few surviving Jews largely left the area; today there is some restoration of areas of Jewish historical interest, and a surge of tourism by Jews seeking to view their families' historical roots.
Cities and towns
The voivodeship contains 41 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 2006: [ [http://www.stat.gov.pl/gus/45_655_PLK_HTML.htm Polish government statistical report, 2006] ] 1.
38. Józefów (2,450)
Lublin Voivodeship is divided into 24 counties (
powiats): 4 city counties and 20 land counties. These are further divided into 213 gminas.
The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).
Protected areas in Lublin Voivodeship include two National Parks and 17 Landscape Parks. These are listed below.
Polesie National Park(this and surrounding areas form the West Polesie biosphere reservedesignated by UNESCOin 2002)
Roztocze National Park
Chełm Landscape Park
Janów Forests Landscape Park(partly in Subcarpathian Voivodeship)
Kazimierz Landscape Park
Kozłówka Landscape Park
Krasnobród Landscape Park
Krzczonów Landscape Park
Łęczna Lake District Landscape Park
Podlaskie Bug Gorge Landscape Park(partly in Masovian Voivodeship)
Polesie Landscape Park
Puszcza Solska Landscape Park(partly in Subcarpathian Voivodeship)
Skierbieszów Landscape Park
Sobibór Landscape Park
South Roztocze Landscape Park(partly in Subcarpathian Voivodeship)
Strzelce Landscape Park
Szczebrzeszyn Landscape Park
Wieprz Landscape Park
Wrzelowiec Landscape Park
Most popular surnames in the region
Previous Lublin Voivodeships
Lublin Voivodeship 1474–1795
Lublin Voivodeship ( _la. Palatinatus Lublinensis; _pl. Województwo Lubelskie) was an administrative region of the Kingdom of Poland created in 1474 out of parts of
Sandomierz Voivodeshipand lasting until the Partitions of Polandin 1795. It was part of the " prowincja" of Lesser Poland.
Lublin Voivodeship 1816–1837
Lublin Voivodeship was one of the voivodeships of Congress Poland. It was formed in 1816 from
Lublin Department, and in 1837 was transformed into Lublin Governorate.
Lublin Voivodeship 1919–1939
Lublin Voivodeship ("Województwo Lubelskie") was one of the administrative regions of the interwar
Second Polish Republic. In early 1939 its area was convert|26555|km2|sqmi and its population was 2,116,200. ["Mały Rocznik Statystyczny" (Concise Statistical Year-Book), Warsaw, 1939] According to the 1931 census, 85.1% of its population was Polish, 10.5% Jewish, and 3% Ukrainian.
Lublin Voivodeship 1945–1975
Lublin Voivodeship ("województwo lubelskie") was an administrative region of Poland between 1945 and 1975. In 1975 it was transformed into Chełm, Zamość, Biała Podlaska, Tarnobrzeg and
Siedlce Voivodeships and a smaller Lublin Voivodeship.
Lublin Voivodeship 1975–1998
Lublin Voivodeship ("województwo lubelskie") existed as one of Poland's 49 voivodeships from 1975 until 1998, when it was incorporated into the current (larger) Lublin Voivodeship.
* [http://www.lubelskie.pl/ Lublin Voivodeship official website]
* [http://www.diapozytyw.pl/en/site/slady_i_judaica/ziemia_lubelska Adam Mickiewicz Institute page on Jewish history in the Lublin Region]
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