Lublin Voivodeship

Lublin Voivodeship

Infobox Settlement
name = Lublin Voivodeship
native_name=Województwo lubelskie

image_shield = POL województwo lubelskie COA.svg

map_caption = Location within Poland

map_caption1 = Division into counties
seat = Lublin
parts_type = Counties
parts=4 cities, 20 land counties *
p1=Biała Podlaska|p2=Chełm|p3=Lublin|p4=Zamość|p5=Biała Podlaska County|p6=Biłgoraj County|p7=Chełm County|p8=Hrubieszów County|p9=Janów Lubelski County|p10=Kraśnik County|p11=Krasnystaw County|p12=Łęczna County|p13=Lubartów County|p14=Lublin County|p15=Łuków County|p16=Opole Lubelskie County|p17=Parczew County|p18=Puławy County|p19=Radzyń Podlaski County|p20=Ryki County|p21=Świdnik County|p22=Tomaszów Lubelski County|p23=Włodawa County|p24=Zamość County
area_total_km2 = 25155
population_total = 2175251
population_as_of = 2006
population_density_km2 = auto
population_urban= 1014548
population_blank1= 1160703
blank_name=Car plates
footnotes = * further divided into 213 gminas

Lublin Voivodeship (also known as Lublin Province, or _pl. województwo lubelskie IPA-pl| [|w|o|j|e|'|w|u|c|t|f|o|-|l|u|'|b|e|l|sIPA-pl|k|j|e|] or simply "Lubelskie") is a voivodeship, or province, in eastern Poland. It was created on January 1, 1999, out of the former Lublin, Chełm, Zamość, Biała Podlaska and (partially) Tarnobrzeg and Siedlce Voivodeships, pursuant to the 1998 Local Government Reorganization Act. The province is named after its largest city and regional capital, Lublin.

Lublin Voivodeship is bordered by Subcarpathian Voivodeship to the south, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship to the south-west, Masovian Voivodeship to the west and north, Podlaskie Voivodeship along a short boundary to the north, and Belarus and Ukraine to the east. The province's population as of 2006 was 2,175,251. It covers an area of convert|25155|km2|sqmi|0.


The that encompasses Lublin, and approximates Lublin Voivodeship as it was prior to the Partitions of Poland, is known as "Lubelszczyzna". Provinces centred on Lublin have existed throughout much of Poland's history; for details see the section below on Previous Lublin Voivodeships.

The region was, prior to World War II, one of the world's leading centres of Judaism. Before the middle of the 16th century, there were few Jews in the area, concentrated in Lublin, Kazimierz Dolny, and perhaps Chełm; but the founding of new private towns led to a large movement of Jews into the region to develop trade and services. Since these new towns competed with the existing towns for business, there followed a low-intensity but long lasting feeling of resentment, with failed attempts to limit the Jewish immigration. The Jews tended to settle mostly in the cities and towns, with only individual families setting up businesses in the rural regions; this urban/rural division became another factor feeding resentment of the newly arrived economic competitors. By the middle of the 18th century, Jews were a significant part of the population in Kraśnik, Lubartów and Łęczna. By the 20th century, Jews represented greater than 70% of the population in eleven towns, and close to 100% of the population of Laszczów and Izbica. From this region came both religious figures such as Mordechai Josef Leiner of Izbica, Chaim Israel Morgenstern of Puławy, and Motele Rokeach of Biugoraj, as well as famous secular authors Israel Joshua Singer and Isaac Bashevis Singer. The "Old Town" of the city of Lublin contained a famous yeshiva, Jewish hospital, synagogue, cemetery, and kahal, as well as the Grodzka Gate (known as the Jewish Gate).

Before the war, there were 300,000 Jews living in the region, which became the site of the Majdanek and Belzec concentration camps as well as several labour camps (Trawniki, Poniatowa, Budzyn, Puławy, Zamość, Biała Podlaska, and the Lublin work camps Lindenstraße 7 (Lipowa Street), Flugplatz, and Sportplatz) which produced military supplies for the Wehrmacht and Luftwaffe). This was once one of the biggest forced labour centres in occupied Europe, with approximately 45,000 Jewish prisoners. As well, the Sobibór extermination camp was located in the Lublin Voivodeship. After the war, the few surviving Jews largely left the area; today there is some restoration of areas of Jewish historical interest, and a surge of tourism by Jews seeking to view their families' historical roots.

Cities and towns

The voivodeship contains 41 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 2006: [ [ Polish government statistical report, 2006] ] 1. Lublin (354,272)
2. Chełm (67,989)
3. Zamość (66,613)
4. Biała Podlaska (58,010)
5. Puławy (49,839)
6. Świdnik (40,037)
7. Kraśnik (36,072)
8. Łuków (30,564)
9. Biłgoraj (27,225)
10. Lubartów (22,950)
11. Łęczna (21,689)
12. Tomaszów Lubelski (20,118)
13. Krasnystaw (19,434)
14. Hrubieszów (18,617)
15. Dęblin (17,933)
16. Międzyrzec Podlaski (17,162)
17. Radzyń Podlaski (16,133)
18. Włodawa (13,630)
19. Janów Lubelski (11,938)
20. Parczew (10,281)
21. Poniatowa (9,911)
22. Ryki (9,716)
23. Opole Lubelskie (8,832)
24. Bełżyce (7,054)
25. Terespol (5,969)
26. Szczebrzeszyn (5,299)
27. Bychawa (5,285)
28. Rejowiec Fabryczny (4,533)
29. Nałęczów (4,243)
30. Kazimierz Dolny (3,572)
31. Kock (3,478)
32. Tarnogród (3,372)
33. Zwierzyniec (3,344)
34. Krasnobród (3,047)
35. Stoczek Łukowski (2,719)
36. Annopol (2,690)
37. Piaski (2,626)
38. Józefów (2,450)
39. Ostrów Lubelski (2,245)
40. Tyszowce (2,242)
41. Frampol (1,415)

Administrative division

Lublin Voivodeship is divided into 24 counties (powiats): 4 city counties and 20 land counties. These are further divided into 213 gminas.

The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).

Protected areas

Protected areas in Lublin Voivodeship include two National Parks and 17 Landscape Parks. These are listed below.
*Polesie National Park (this and surrounding areas form the West Polesie biosphere reserve designated by UNESCO in 2002)
*Roztocze National Park
*Chełm Landscape Park
*Janów Forests Landscape Park (partly in Subcarpathian Voivodeship)
*Kazimierz Landscape Park
*Kozłówka Landscape Park
*Krasnobród Landscape Park
*Krzczonów Landscape Park
*Łęczna Lake District Landscape Park
*Podlaskie Bug Gorge Landscape Park (partly in Masovian Voivodeship)
*Polesie Landscape Park
*Puszcza Solska Landscape Park (partly in Subcarpathian Voivodeship)
*Skierbieszów Landscape Park
*Sobibór Landscape Park
*South Roztocze Landscape Park (partly in Subcarpathian Voivodeship)
*Strzelce Landscape Park
*Szczebrzeszyn Landscape Park
*Wieprz Landscape Park
*Wrzelowiec Landscape Park

Most popular surnames in the region

#Wójcik : 12,937
#Mazurek : 9,644
#Mazur : 8,019

Previous Lublin Voivodeships

Lublin Voivodeship 1474–1795

Lublin Voivodeship ( _la. Palatinatus Lublinensis; _pl. Województwo Lubelskie) was an administrative region of the Kingdom of Poland created in 1474 out of parts of Sandomierz Voivodeship and lasting until the Partitions of Poland in 1795. It was part of the "prowincja" of Lesser Poland.

Lublin Voivodeship 1816–1837

Lublin Voivodeship was one of the voivodeships of Congress Poland. It was formed in 1816 from Lublin Department, and in 1837 was transformed into Lublin Governorate.

Lublin Voivodeship 1919–1939

Lublin Voivodeship ("Województwo Lubelskie") was one of the administrative regions of the interwar Second Polish Republic. In early 1939 its area was convert|26555|km2|sqmi and its population was 2,116,200. ["Mały Rocznik Statystyczny" (Concise Statistical Year-Book), Warsaw, 1939] According to the 1931 census, 85.1% of its population was Polish, 10.5% Jewish, and 3% Ukrainian.

Lublin Voivodeship 1945–1975

Lublin Voivodeship ("województwo lubelskie") was an administrative region of Poland between 1945 and 1975. In 1975 it was transformed into Chełm, Zamość, Biała Podlaska, Tarnobrzeg and Siedlce Voivodeships and a smaller Lublin Voivodeship.

Lublin Voivodeship 1975–1998

Lublin Voivodeship ("województwo lubelskie") existed as one of Poland's 49 voivodeships from 1975 until 1998, when it was incorporated into the current (larger) Lublin Voivodeship.


External links

* [ Lublin Voivodeship official website]
* [ Adam Mickiewicz Institute page on Jewish history in the Lublin Region]

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