- St Blazey engine shed
St Blazey Engine Shed is located in
St Blazey, near Par, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The depot operator is EWS. Its depot code is BZ.
St Blazey engine shed dates from the opening of the
Cornwall Minerals Railwayon 1 June 1874. This line linked Foweyand Newquayvia Par in Cornwall. The engineer was Sir Morton Peto and he built workshops for the railway on the north side of Par, close to the adjoining town of St Blazey. The workshops included a distinctive roundhouseengine shed of nine 70 feet long roads around a turntable. Each shed road had a 58 feet long pit between the rails for servicing engines. The area also boasted an erecting and repair shop, a fitting shop, a smithy, boiler house and a 2,500 gallon water tower. [cite book | last = Vaughan | first = John | title = The Newquay Branch and its Branches | publisher = Haynes/Oxford Publishing Company | date = 1991 | location = Sparkford | id = ISBN 0-86093-470-5]
Because of their location, the engine shed was initially known as Par. On
1 January 1879a loop line was built to the Cornwall Railwaystation at Par after which the Cornwall Minerals Railway engine shed and adjacent station were known as St Blazey to avoid the confusion of two stations with the same name. [cite book | last = Bennett | first = Alan | title = The Great Western Railway in Mid Cornwall | publisher = Kingfisher Railway Publications | date = 1988 | location = Southampton | id = ISBN 0-94618-453-4]
The Cornwall Minerals Railway was operated by the
Great Western Railwayfrom October 1877. A new, elevated coaling road and 45,000 gallon water tank was provided before 1908.
The Great Western Railway was nationalised into
British Railwaysfrom 1 January 1948. The first diesel locomotive was allocated to St Blazey in November 1960. The last steam locomotive workings from the shed were on 28 April 1962.
The roundhouse has since been converted into industrial units but since April 1987 the adjacent wagon repair shed has been used to service diesel locomotives, local passenger trains, and wagons used for china clay traffic. The turntable has been retained to turn the preserved steam locomotives that still visit Cornwall on special main line workings. Goods traffic is still sometimes loaded at St Blazey in the
marshalling yardadjacent to the depot. British Railwas in privatised in the 1990s, the goods traffic and workshops becoming the responsibility of freight operator, EWS.
St Blazey does not have a permanent allocation of locomotives but many are out-based here for use on local freight services.
The yard was used to store several DMUs overnight for
Wessex Trainsfor many years, and then First Great Westernwhen this company took over the operation of local trains. This meant that several morning services started at Par railway stationand evening ones terminated there.
An [http://maps.google.co.uk/maps?ie=UTF8&ll=50.352745,-4.709412&spn=0.002423,0.005021&t=h&z=18&om=1 overhead view] of the depot.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.