List of Texas amphibians

List of Texas amphibians

This is a list of Texas amphibians, all frogs, toads, and salamanders native to the state of Texas.The state of Texas has a large variety of habitats, from swamps, pine forests in the east, rocky hills and limestone karst in the center, desert in the south and west, mountains in the far west, and grassland prairie in the north. This vast contrast in biomes makes Texas home to a wide variety of herpetofauna. Its central position in the United States means that species found primarily in either the western or eastern reaches of the country often have their ranges meeting in the state. Its proximity to Mexico is such that many species found there and into Central American also range as far north as Texas. Also, the karst topography of central Texas is home to several endemic species. The abundance of amphibians makes the state a prime area for research, and most species in the state are well documented.

Texas state law protects several amphibian species; threatened species denoted as (T) and endangered species denoted as (E).


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thumb|150px|Barton Springs Salamander]
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Frogs & Toads

True toads

Family Bufonidae (True Toads)
*Genus "Bufo" (Toads)
**"Bufo americanus" (American Toad)
**"Bufo cognatus" (Great Plains Toad)
**"Bufo debilis" (Green Toad)
**"Bufo houstonensis" (Houston Toad) (E)
**"Bufo marinus" (Giant or Cane Toad)
**"Bufo punctatus" (Red-spotted Toad)
**"Bufo speciosus" (Texas Toad)
**"Bufo valliceps" (Gulf Coast Toad)
**"Bufo woodhousii" (Woodhouse's Toad)

Tree frogs

Family Hylidae (Treefrogs)
*Genus "Acris" (Cricket Frogs)
**"Acris crepitans" (Northern Cricket Frog)
*Genus "Hyla" (Treefrogs)
**"Hyla arenicolor" (Canyon Tree Frog)
**"Hyla chrysoscelis" (Cope's Gray Tree Frog)
**"Hyla cinerea" (Green Tree Frog)
**"Hyla squirella" (Squirrel Tree Frog)
**"Hyla versicolor" (Gray Tree Frog)
*Genus "Pseudacris" (Chorus Frogs)
**"Pseudacris clarkii" (Spotted Chorus Frog)
**"Pseudacris crucifer" (Spring Peeper)
**"Pseudacris streckeri" (Strecker's Chorus Frog)
**"Pseudacris feriarum" (Upland Chorus Frog)
*Genus "Smilisca"
**"Smilisca baudinii" (Mexican Tree Frog) (T)

Tropical frogs

Family Leptodactylidae (Tropical Frogs)
*Genus "Eleutherodactylus" (Chirping Frogs)
**"Eleutherodactylus augusti" (Eastern Barking Frog)
**"Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides" (Rio Grande Chirping Frog)
**"Eleutherodactylus guttilatus" (Spotted Chirping Frog)
**"Eleutherodactylus marnockii" (Cliff Chirping Frog)
*Genus "Leptodactylus" (Neotropical Grass Frogs)
**"Leptodactylus fragilis" (Mexican White-lipped Frog) (T)

Narrowmouth toads

Family Microhylidae (Narrowmouth Toads)
*Genus "Gastrophryne" (Narrowmouth Toads)
**"Gastrophryne carolinensis" (Eastern Narrowmouth Toad)
**"Gastrophryne olivacea" (Great Plains Narrowmouth Toad)
*Genus "Hypopachus" (Sheep Frogs)
**"Hypopachus variolosus" (Sheep Frog) (T)

Spadefoot toads

Family Pelobatidae (Spadefoot Toads)
*Genus "Scaphiopus" (Spadefoot Toads)
**"Scaphiopus couchii" (Couch's Spadefoot Toad)
**"Scaphiopus hurterii" (Hurter's Spadefoot Toad)
*Genus "Spea" (Spadefoot Toads)
**"Spea bombifrons" (Plains Spadefoot Toad)
**"Spea multiplicata" (New Mexico Spadefoot Toad)

True frogs

Family Ranidae (True Frogs)
*Genus "Rana" (True Frogs)
**"Rana areolata" (Crawfish Frog)
**"Rana berlandieri" (Rio Grande Leopard Frog)
**"Rana blairi" (Plains Leopard Frog)
**"Rana catesbeiana" (Bullfrog)
**"Rana clamitans clamitans" (Bronze Frog)
**"Rana grylio" (Pig Frog)
**"Rana palustris" (Pickerel Frog)
**"Rana sphenocephala" (Southern Leopard Frog)

Burrowing toads

Family Rhinophrynidae
*Genus "Rhinophrynus"
**"Rhinophrynus dorsalis" (Mexican Burrowing Toad) (T)

alamanders

Amphiumas

Family Amphiumidae (Amphiumas)
*Genus "Amphiuma"
**"Amphiuma tridactylum" (Three-toed Amphiuma)

Newts

Family Salamandridae (Newts)
*Genus "Notophthalmus"
**"Notophthalmus meridionalis" (Black-spotted Newt) (T)
**"Notophthalmus viridescens" (Eastern Newt)

alamanders

Family Ambystomatidae (Mole Salamanders)
*Genus "Ambystoma"
**"Ambystoma maculatum" (Spotted Salamander)
**"Ambystoma mavortium" (Barred Tiger Salamander)
**"Ambystoma opacum" (Marbled Salamander)
**"Ambystoma talpoideum" (Mole Salamander)
**"Ambystoma texanum" (Smallmouth Salamander)
**"Ambystoma tigrinum" (Eastern Tiger Salamander)

Family Plethodontidae (Lungless Salamanders)
*Genus "Desmognathus" (Dusky Salamanders)
**"Desmognathus auriculatus" (Southern Dusky Salamander)
*Genus "Eurycea" (Brook Salamanders)
**"Eurycea latitans" (Cascade Caverns Salamander) (T)
**"Eurycea nana" (San Marcos Salamander) (T)
**"Eurycea neotenes" (Texas Salamander)
**"Eurycea quadridigitata" (Dwarf Salamander)
**"Eurycea rathbuni" (Texas Blind Salamander) (E)
**"Eurycea robusta" (Blanco Blind Salamander) (T)
**"Eurycea sosorum" (Barton Springs Salamander) (E)
**"Eurycea tridentifera" (Comal Blind Salamander) (T)
**"Eurycea troglodytes" (Valdina Farms Salamander)
*Genus "Plethodon"
**"Plethodon glutinosus" (Slimy Salamander)
**"Plethodon albagula" (Western Slimy Salamander)
**"Plethodon serratus" (Southern Redback Salamander)

irens

Family Sirenidae (Sirens)
*Genus "Siren"
**"Siren intermedia nettingi" (Western Lesser Siren)
**"Siren intermedia texana" (Rio Grande Lesser Siren) (T)

Waterdogs

Family Proteidae (Waterdogs)
*Genus "Necturus"
**"Necturus beyeri" (Gulf Coast Waterdog)

ee also

*List of Texas reptiles

References

* [http://www.zo.utexas.edu/research/txherps/ Texas Memorial Museum: Herps of Texas]
* [http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/huntwild/wild/species/?c=endangered Endangered and Threatened Species found in Texas]


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