Fremitus

Fremitus

Fremitus is a palpable vibration on the human body. In common medical usage, it usually refers to (tactile) vocal fremitus, although there are several other types.

Bronchial fremitus

See "rhonchal fremitus" below.

Hepatic fremitus

Hepatic fremitus is a vibration felt over the patient's liver. It is thought to be caused by a severely inflamed and necrotic liver rubbing up against the peritoneum. The name 'Monash sign' has been suggested for this clinical sign, after the Monash Medical Centre in Melbourne, Australia (Nagappan et al, 2001).

Hydatid fremitus

Hydatid fremitus is a vibratory sensation felt on palpating a hydatid cyst.

Pectoral fremitus

See "vocal fremitus" below.

Pericardial fremitus

Pericardial fremitus is a vibration felt on the chest wall due to the friction of the surfaces of the pericardium over each other. See pericardial friction rub for the auditory analog of this sign.

Periodontal fremitus

Periodontal fremitus occurs in either of the alveolar bones when an individual sustains trauma from occlusion. It is a result of teeth exhibiting at least slight mobility rubbing against the adjacent walls of their sockets, the volume of which has been expanded ever so slightly by inflammatory responses, bone resorption or both. As a test to determine the severity of periodontal disease, a patient is told to close his or her mouth into maximum intercuspation and is asked to grind his or her teeth ever so slightly. Fingers placed in the labial vestibule against the alveolar bone can detect fremitus. [Trauma from Occlusion Handout, Dr. Michael Deasy, Department of Periodontics, NJDS 2007. page 12]

Pleural fremitus

Pleural fremitus is a palpable vibration of the wall of the thorax caused by friction between the parietal and visceral pleura of the lungs. See pleural friction rub for the auditory analog of this sign.

Rhonchal fremitus

Rhonchal fremitus, also known as bronchial fremitus, is a palpable vibration produced during breathing caused by partial airway obstruction. The obstruction can be due to mucus or other secretions in the airway, bronchial hyperreactivity, or tumors. See rhonchus (rhonchi) for the auditory analog of this sign.

ubjective fremitus

Subjective fremitus is a vibration felt by the patient on humming with the mouth closed.

Tactile fremitus

See "vocal fremitus" below.

Tussive fremitus

Tussive fremitus is a vibration felt on the chest when the patient coughs.

Vocal fremitus

Vocal Fremitus, also called pectoral fremitus, or tactile vocal fremitus, is a vibration felt on the patient's chest during low frequency vocalization. Commonly, the patient is asked to repeat the phrase 'boy oh boy' (or any other diphthong such as 'toy boat' and 'blue balloons') while the examiner attempts to detect vibrations on the chest wall. The phrase 'ninety-nine' is also commonly used. The German language equivalent "neun und neunzig", is a diphthong, and is appropriate.

Vocal fremitus is normally more intense in the right second intercostal space, as well as in the interscapular region, as these areas are closest to the bronchial bifurcation. Vocal fremitus is pathologically increased over areas of consolidation and decreased or absent over areas of pleural effusion or pneumothorax (where there is liquid or air instead of usual lung).

The reason for increased fremitus in a consolidated lung is the fact that the sound waves travel quicker through liquid (the consolidation) than air. Conversely, the reason for decreased fremitus in a pleural effusion (or any pathology separating the pleura), is that this increased space between the pleura acts as a barrier to the sound waves.

It has recently been suggested that the artifacts caused by eliciting vocal fremitus during breast ultrasonography can be used to differentiate between benign and malignant tumors (Sohn and Baudendistel, 1995)."'

References

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* cite book
author =
authorlink =
coauthors =
year = 2005
month =
title = Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary
chapter =
editor = Venes D
others =
edition = 20th Edition
pages =
publisher = F. A. Davis Company
location = Philadelphia, PA
id =
url =
ISBN 0-8036-1208-7

* cite book
author =
authorlink =
coauthors =
year = 2003
month =
title = Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary
chapter =
editor = Dorland WAM
others =
edition = 30th Edition
pages =
publisher = W.B. Saunders Company
location = Philadelphia, PA
id =
url =
ISBN 0-7216-0146-4


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fremitus —   [lateinisch »Rauschen«, »Tönen«] der, , fühlbares Vibrieren der Brust oder Bauchwand durch Fortleitung von Rasselgeräuschen bei Bronchialerkrankungen (Fremitus bronchialis); auch die (normale) Begleitschwingung des Lungengewebes (Fremitus… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Fremitus — Frem i*tus, n., sing. & pl. [L., a murmuring, roaring.] (Med.) Palpable vibration or thrill; as, the rhonchial fremitus. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • FREMITUS — leoni proprius. Plin. l. 8. c. 16. Ubi saevit in viros, prius quam in feminas, fremit, Virg. Aen. l. 9. v. 341. l. 12. v. 8. Fremit ore cruento, Lucan. Civ. Bell. l. 1. v. 209. vasto et grave murmur hiatu Infremuit. Senec. in Oedipo, Act. 1.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Fremĭtus — (lat.), das fast unsichtbare Erzittern des Körpers u. der Glieder, ein Begleiter der Fieberfröstelns …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Fremĭtus — (lat., »Schwirren«), s. Pektoralfremitus …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fremitus — Fremitus, lat., das Erzittern des Körpers, z.B. bei Fieberschauern …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • fremitus — frèmitus m DEFINICIJA med. titranje koje se osjeti pod dlanom položenim na prsa prilikom govora ETIMOLOGIJA lat.: huk, tutnjava, žamor …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • fremitus — [frem′i təs] n. [ModL < L, a roaring < fremere, to roar < IE base * bherem , to murmur > Welsh brefu, to bray, Ger brummen, to grumble] Med. a vibration, esp. one felt in palpation of the chest …   English World dictionary

  • fremitus — A vibration imparted to the hand resting on the chest or other part of the body. SEE ALSO: thrill. [L. a dull roaring sound, fr. fremo, pp. itus, to roar, resound] bronchial f. adventitious pulmonary sounds or …   Medical dictionary

  • fremitus — n. vibrations or tremors in a part of the body, detected by feeling with the fingers or hand (palpation) or by listening (auscultation). The term is most commonly applied to vibrations perceived through the chest when a patient breathes, speaks… …   The new mediacal dictionary

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