- Cuisine of Colombia
Colombian cuisine refers to the
cookingtraditions and practices of Colombia. Along with other cultural expressions of national identity, Colombian cuisine varies among its many distinct regions.
cuisine with aspects of indigenous cuisine.
Even though there is no consensus as to which one dish can be considered the true “national dish,” the
arepaand sancochocan be considered excellent candidates. Other well-known regional dishes include the bandeja paisa, ajiaco, the lechona Tolimense, the mote de queso, and cuchuco.
"Fritanga" is a set of dishes that can be likened to barbecue. It is enjoyed throughout the entire country. "Fritanga" usually includes grilled beef and chicken, ribs, and sausage such as
morcilla, chorizo, longaniza, and chunchullo(fried cow intestines) accompanied by mini potatoes and arepasmade of "choclo" (sweet corn).
Staples of the Colombian diet include tubers such as potatoes and yuca, along with meat such as beef, chicken, pork, or fish. Grains such as corn and rice are widely consumed. The plantain is an important element of the Colombian diet, as are vegetables such as onion, garlic, pepper, and tomato. Legumes such as beans, peas, and lentils are eaten very frequently.
A myriad of fruit species grow in Colombia, and many fruits considered “exotic” commonly grow in Colombian forests and in the countryside. The climate and geography favor a great variety of crops, as well as a great variety of both freshwater and saltwater fish.
is a traditional dish. It is a soup made of chicken, corn, potatoes, avocado, and guascas, a local herb. Traditionally, cream and capers are added at the table before eating. Ajiaco is served with white rice, salad with a hint of lemon, avocado, or sweet or salty tostadas. For breakfast, people in Bogotá often eat changua, a milk, scallion and egg soup.
Along the Caribbean coast, fish and lobster are used in mild spicy food.
Coconut riceis a common dish along the coastal cities. Suero, which is a cross between yogurt and sour cream, is widely consumed, and was introduced by Arab immigrants in Baranquillaand other coastal cities. The arepa has many forms in the Caribbean region, which include "arepa limpia", "arepe'huevo" (arepa with egg), and "arepae'queso" (arepa with cheese).
Llanosof the east, barbecued meat is common, due to the cowboy-like culture. Dishes such as the "ternera llanera" are cooked on a vertical spit over an open fire. Freshwater fish such as the "amarillo" are also eaten.
In the Amazon, Brazilian and Peruvian influences can be seen in the local food. Local resources such as beef and other livestock, as well as freshwater fish, are typical ingredients in Amazonian cuisine.
tamales Tolimensesare considered a delicacy in the Tolimaregion. These tamales are made of corn dough, and are filled with a mixture of peas, carrots, potatoes, rice, chicken, pork, and various spices. They are wrapped in plantainleaves and boiled for three to four hours. "Lechona" is a whole roast pig stuffed with rice, vegetables, and pork, and is typically eaten on Sundays. This dish is now enjoyed throughout the country.
Common Dishes Found on a National Level
*Common appetizers and side dishes found in Colombian cuisine
*Common breads found in Colombian cuisine
*Varieties of arepas found in Colombian cuisine
*Common main dishes found in Colombian cuisine
*Common beverages found in Colombian cuisine
*Common fruits consumed in Colombia
*Common desserts and sweets found in Colombian cuisine
Native American cuisine
South American cuisine
* [http://www.cookbookwiki.com/Colombia#Overview_of_Colombian__Cuisine_History cookbook wiki on Colombian cuisine.]
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