Echo suppressor

Echo suppressor

An echo suppressor (sometimes "acoustic echo suppressor" / AES) is a telecommunications device used to reduce the echo heard on long telephone circuits, particularly circuits that traverse satellite links. Echo suppressors were first developed in the 1950s in response to the first use of satellites for telecommunications, but they have since been largely supplanted by better performing cancellers Acoustic Echo Cancelling

Echo suppressors work by detecting if there is a voice signal going in one direction on a circuit, and then inserting a great deal of loss in the other direction. Usually the echo suppressor at the far-end of the circuit adds this loss when it detects voice coming from the near-end of the circuit. This added loss prevents the speaker from hearing his own voice.

While effective, this approach leads to several problems:

* Double-talk: It is fairly normal in conversation for both parties to speak at the same time, at least briefly. Because each echo suppressor will then detect voice energy coming from the far-end of the circuit, the effect would ordinarily be for loss to be inserted in both directions at once, effectively blocking both parties. To prevent this, echo suppressors can be set to detect voice activity from the near-end speaker and to fail to insert loss (or insert a smaller loss) when both the near-end speaker and far-end speaker are talking. This, of course, temporarily defeats the primary effect of having an echo suppressor at all.

* Clipping: Since the echo suppressor is alternately inserting and removing loss, there is frequently a small delay when a new speaker begins talking that results in clipping the first syllable from that speaker's speech.

* Dead-set: If the far-end party on a call is in a noisy environment, the near-end speaker will hear that background noise while the far-end speaker is talking, but the echo suppressor will suppress this background noise when the near-end speaker starts talking. The sudden absence of the background noise gives the near-end user the impression that the line has gone dead.

Echo suppressors cause effects that are frustrating for both parties to a call, although they do effectively deal with the echo. In response to this, AT&T Bell Labs developed echo canceler theory in the early 1960s, which then resulted in laboratory echo cancelers in the late 1960s and commercial echo cancelers in the 1970s.

In modern times, the main use of an AES (over an AEC) lies in the VoIP sector. This is primarily because AECs require a fast hardware (MHz), usually in the from of a Digital signal processor (DSP). For the PC market, and especially for the embedded VoIP market, this cost in MHZ comes at a premium. On embedded platforms, it is not-unusual to find a Wideband CODEC (such as AMR-WB / G.722) incorporated in place of an AEC. This said, many (embedded) VoIP solutions do have a fully functional AEC.

Examples of AES in VoIP include: "X-Ten Eyebeam", X-Lite and Skype.


* [ History of Echo Cancellation]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • echo suppressor —    A line device used to prevent energy from being reflected back (echoed) to the transmitter. It attenuates the transmission path in one direction while signals are being passed in the other direction …   IT glossary of terms, acronyms and abbreviations

  • Echo cancellation — The term echo cancellation is used in telephony to describe the process of removing echo from a voice communication in order to improve voice quality on a telephone call. In addition to improving subjective quality, this process increases the… …   Wikipedia

  • оконечный эхозаградитель — — [Л.Г.Суменко. Англо русский словарь по информационным технологиям. М.: ГП ЦНИИС, 2003.] Тематики информационные технологии в целом EN end echo suppressorterminal echo suppressorterminating echo suppressor …   Справочник технического переводчика

  • Signal reflection — occurs when a signal is transmitted along a transmission medium, such as a copper cable or an optical fiber, some of the signal power may be reflected back to its origin rather than being carried all the way along the cable to the far end. This… …   Wikipedia

  • Tellabs — Infobox Company company name = Tellabs company company type = Public (nasdaq|TLAB) genre = foundation = 1975 founder = location city = Naperville, Illinois location country = United States location = origins = key people = CEO: Rob Pullen… …   Wikipedia

  • дифференциальный эхо-заградитель — — [Л.Г.Суменко. Англо русский словарь по информационным технологиям. М.: ГП ЦНИИС, 2003.] Тематики информационные технологии в целом EN differential echo suppressordifferential suppressor …   Справочник технического переводчика

  • Answer tone — is a feature of wireline modems.The answer tone is the first signal sent by the answering modem after the billing delay. In its most basic form, it is a single continuous tone with a frequency of 2100 Hz (or 2225 Hz for Bell modes). It is the… …   Wikipedia

  • Signaling System No. 5 — CCITT5 [ REC Q.140 Q.180/en ITU T Recommendation Q.140 Q.180] Specifications of Signalling System No. 5] was a multi frequency (MF) telephone signalling system in use from the 1970s for International Direct Distance… …   Wikipedia

  • эхоподавитель — Устройство для подавления эхо сигнала, принцип действия которого основан на автоматическом блокировании канала приема на время передачи. С этой целью в устройство обычно вводятся две схемы управления (3 и 4 на рис. Е 2), одна из которых позволяет …   Справочник технического переводчика

  • Lockout (telecommunication) — In telecommunications, the term lockout has the following meanings: # In telephone systems, treatment of a user s line or trunk that is in trouble, or in a permanent signal condition, by automatically disconnecting the line from the switching… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”