Rocco and His Brothers

Rocco and His Brothers

Infobox Film
name = Rocco and His Brothers


image_size =
caption = Italian Theatrical Poster
director = Luchino Visconti
producer = Goffredo Lombardo
writer = Luchino Visconti Story: Suso Cecchi d'Amico
narrator =
starring = Alain Delon
Renato Salvatori
Annie Girardot
Katina Paxinou
music = Nino Rota
cinematography = Giuseppe Rotunno
editing = Mario Serandrei
distributor =
released = Italy: September 6, 1960 United States: June 26, 1961
runtime = 177 minutes
country = Italy France
language = Italian
budget =
gross =
website =
amg_id = 1:41742
imdb_id = 0054248

"Rocco and His Brothers" (Italian: "Rocco e i suoi fratelli") (1960) is an Italian and French film directed by Luchino Visconti. Set in Milan, it tells the story of an immigrant family from the South and its disintegration in the society of the industrial North. The film stars Alain Delon, Renato Salvatori, Annie Girardot, and Claudia Cardinale, in one of her early roles before she became internationally known. [imdb title|id=0054248|title=Rocco and His Brothers.] The film's score is by Nino Rota, who would later become famous for scoring "The Godfather."

Plot

The drama is study of a rural Italian family led north to Milan by the matriarch (Katina Paxinou). Presented in five distinct sections, the film weaves the story of Vincenzo, Simone, Rocco, Ciro and Luca as they struggle to adapt to life in a large, impersonal city.

The plot revolves around the prostitute, Nadia (Annie Girardot), who is pursued and desired by both Simone and Rocco (Alain Delon). The pivotal scene in the film comes when Simone rapes Nadia in front of Rocco, who then gives her up to his brother out of a tragic, misplaced desire to do whatever it takes to keep his family whole.

In typical fashion for a director known for helping build Italian neorealism, the film ends with no substantive resolution, but with clouds of doom hanging over the family.

Controversy

During shooting, the film was seized and Visconti asked to delete the scenes showing Nadia's rape and murder. Visconti was not vindicated until a court judgement of 1966. [Buss, Robin. "Italian Films," "Rocco and His Brothers," page 142. London: Anchor Press Ltd. ISBN 071345900 X.]

Cast

* Alain Delon as Rocco Parondi
* Renato Salvatori as Simone Parondi
* Annie Girardot as Nadia
* Katina Paxinou as Rosaria Parondi
* Alessandra Panaro as Ciro's Fiancee
* Spiros Focás as Vincenzo Parondi
* Max Cartier as Ciro Parondi
* Corrado Pani as Ivo
* Rocco Vidolazzi as Luca Parondi
* Claudia Mori as Laundry Worker
* Adriana Asti as Laundry Worker
* Enzo Fiermonte as Boxer
* Nino Castelnuovo as Nino Rossi
* Rosario Borelli as Un biscazziere
* Renato Terra as Alfredo, Ginetta's brother
* Roger Hanin as Morini
* Paolo Stoppa as Cecchi
* Suzy Delair as Luisa
* Claudia Cardinale as Ginetta

Critical reception

The film critic for "The New York Times," Bosley Crowther, gave the film a positive review and appreciated the direction of the film and acting. He wrote, "A fine Italian film to stand alongside the American classic, "The Grapes of Wrath", opened last night ...It is Luchino Visconti's "Rocco and His Brothers" ("Rocco e i suoi fratelli"), and it comes here garlanded with laurels that are quite as appropriate in this context as they are richly deserved...Signor Visconti has clearly conceived his film and that is what his brilliant handling of events and characters makes one feel. There's a blending of strong emotionalism and realism to such an extent that the margins of each become fuzzy and indistinguishable...Alain Delon as the sweet and loyal Rocco...is touchingly pliant and expressive, but it is Renato Salvatori ...who fills the screen with the anguish of a tortured and stricken character. His raw and restless performance is overpowering and unforgettable... [and the] French actress Annie Girardot is likewise striking as the piteous prostitute..." [ [http://movies.nytimes.com/movie/review?res=EE05E7DF173AE571BC4051DFB766838A679EDE Crowther, Bosley] . "The New York Times," film review, January 28, 1961. Last accessed: December 31, 2007.]

The staff at "Variety" magazine lauded the drama, and wrote, "With all its faults, this is one of the top achievements of the year in Italy...Scripting shows numerous hands at work, yet all is pulled together by Visconti's dynamic and generally tasteful direction. Occasionally, as in the near-final revelation to the family of Simone's crime, the action gets out of hand and comes close to melodrama. Yet the impact of the main story line, aided by the sensitive, expertly guided playing of Alain Delon as Rocco, Annie Girardot as the prostie, and Renato Salvatori as Simone, is great. Katina Paxinou at times is perfect, at others she is allowed to act too theatrically and off-key." [ [http://www.variety.com/review/VE1117794526.html?categoryid=31&cs=1&p=0 "Variety"] . Film review, September 6, 1960. Last accessed: December 31, 2007.]

Awards

Wins
* Venice Film Festival: FIPRESCI Prize, Luchino Visconti; Special Prize, Luchino Visconti; 1960.
* Venice Film Festival: Silver Lion
* David di Donatello Awards, Italy; David, Best Production (Migliore Produzione), Goffredo Lombardo, tied with "Tutti a casa" (1960); 1961.
* Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists: Silver Ribbon, Best Cinematography, B/W (Migliore Fotografia in Bianco e Nero), Giuseppe Rotunno; Best Director (Regista del Miglior Film), Luchino Visconti; Best Screenplay (Migliore Sceneggiatura): Pasquale Festa Campanile, Suso Cecchi d'Amico, Luchino Visconti, and Enrico Medioli; 1961.
* Bodil Awards, Copenhagen, Denmark: Bodil, Best European Film (Bedste europæiske film), Luchino Visconti (director); 1962.

Nominations
* Venice Film Festival: Golden Lion, Luchino Visconti; 1960.
* British Academy of Film and Television Arts: BAFTA Film Award, Best Film from any Source, Italy; Best Foreign Actress, Annie Girardot, Italy; 1962.

References

External links

*.
*.
* [http://www.dvdbeaver.com/film/Reviews/rocco.htm#r "Rocco and His Brothers"] at DVD Beaver (includes images).
* [http://www.dvdtalk.com/dvdsavant/s352rocco.html "Rocco and His Brothers"] at DVD Savant.

###@@@KEY@@@###succession box
title=Special Jury Prize, Venice
years=1960
before="The Magician"
after="Peace to Him Who Enters"


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