- Carlo Maria Giulini
Giulini was born in
Barletta, Italyand studied the violaand composition at the Accademia Nazionale di Santa Ceciliain Rome. He later studied conducting with Bernardino Molinari. [cite news | url=http://arts.guardian.co.uk/news/obituary/0,,1507381,00.html | title=Carlo Maria Giulini Obituary | work=The Guardian | date=2005-06-16 | accessdate=2007-04-13]
Giulini worked at Milan Radio from 1946 to 1951, where he revived several obscure operas, including works by
Alessandro Scarlatti. Arturo Toscaniniheard a production of Haydn's "Il mondo della luna"; this led Toscanini to recommend Giulini for the musical directorship at La Scala, where he remained from 1953 to 1956.
In 1958, Giulini conducted a highly acclaimed production of Verdi's "
Don Carlos" at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. During the 1960s, he was in great demand as a guest conductor of leading orchestras around the world, and made numerous well-received recordings with the Philharmonia Orchestra of London and several others.
After 1968 Giulini abandoned opera, as a result of not wanting to compromise his artistic vision, concentrating instead on orchestral works. He served as principal guest conductor of the
Chicago Symphonyfrom 1969 to 1978, and he was named music director of the Vienna Symphonyin 1973. From 1978 to 1984, he served as principal conductor and Music Director of the Los Angeles Philharmonic, launching his tenure there with performances of Beethoven's "9th Symphony". In 1982 he returned once more to opera, conducting a controversial production of Verdi's "Falstaff".
Giulini's most notable opera recordings include the 1959 Philharmonia Orchestra and Chorus versions of Mozart's operas "
Le Nozze di Figaro" and " Don Giovanni" for EMI, as well as his 1955 recording of Verdi's " La Traviata" with Maria Callas. Admired orchestral records include Debussy's La Mer and Nocturnes, Dvořák's 9th Symphony and Tchaikovsky's 6th Symphony with the Philharmonia Orchestra, Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition, Brahms's 4th Symphony and Mahler's 1st and 9th Symphonies with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Beethoven's 3rd and 5th Symphonies, and Schumann's 3rd Symphony with the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra, Mahler's " Das Lied von der Erde" with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, Brahms's four Symphonies, Bruckner's 7th, 8th and 9th symphonies with the Vienna Philharmonic, and Dvořák's 7th Symphony with the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestraof Amsterdam. Most of these discs were recorded for the Deutsche Grammophonlabel.
Giulini and wife, Marcella (d. 1995), had three children. [cite news| url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2005/06/16/db1601.xml | title=Carlo Maria Giulini Obituary| work=Telegraph | date=2005-06-16 | accessdate=2007-04-13] He died in
Brescia, Italyat age 91. [http://www.cbc.ca/gfx/pix/giulini_cm_cp_7845960.jpg]
Awards and recognitions
**1981 Beethoven "Violin Concerto in D Major";
Itzhak Perlman/ Philharmonia Orchestra ( EMI) [cite web | url=http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0150850.html | title=1981 Gramophone Awards | date=2007-01-11 | accessdate=2007-01-11 | publisher=Infoplease.com]
Grammy Award for Best Choral Performance
**1981 "Mozart: "Requiem"; Norbert Balatsch (choirmaster) / Philharmonia Orchestra & Chorus
Grammy Award for Best Classical Album
**1979 "Brahms: Concerto For Violin in D;
Itzhak Perlman/ Chicago Symphony
Grammy Award for Best Engineered Album, Classical
**1965 "Britten: "
The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra"; Philharmonia Orchestra
*Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Soloist Performance
**1989 Mozart: Piano Concerto No. 23";
Vladimir Horowitz/ La Scala Orchestra
Grammy Award for Best Orchestral Performance
**1972 "Mahler: Symphony No. 1 in D;
**1978 "Mahler: Symphony No. 9 in D;
*Discography of Carlo Maria Giulini conducting the Los Angeles Philharmonic
* [http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0150840.html Gramophone Award Listings] , 1977 - 2002
* [http://mapage.noos.fr/giulini/ Complete Discography fr icon]
* [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,60-1655517,00.html Times article] about Giulini
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HuQYV6rpW3I Conducting the Los Angeles Philharmonic in the first movement of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony]
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