Chedorlaomer (Hebrew: kĕḏor-lā’ōmer) "a handful of sheaves"[1], was a king of Elam according to the Hebrew Bible book of Genesis Chapter 14. He ruled fourteen years, from the East in southwestern Persia, [2] occupying the regions east of the Jordan river, in the days of Abram. In the last year of his reign, he campaigned against at least twelve tribal city kingdoms in response to an uprising.


Chedorlaomer's reign

After twelve years of being under Elamite rule, in the thirteenth year, the Cities of the Plain rebelled against Chedorlaomer. This spurred a domino effect that prompted the Elamite king to regain control. To ensure his success, he called upon three other allies from Shinar, Ellasar, and Tidal "nations" regions.[3][4]

Chedorlaomer's allies

The following allies fought in every campaign under Chedorlaomer's direction, while in the fourteenth and final year of his rule. (Genesis 14:1-4)

  1. King Amraphel of Shinar to the South
  2. King Arioch of Ellasar to the North
  3. King Tidal of "nations" - the Hittites to the West? [5]

Chedorlaomer's campaigns

The purpose of Chedorlaomer's campaigns was to show Elam's might to all territories under Elamite authority. His armies and allies plundered tribes and cities, for their provisions, who were en route to the revolting cities of the Jordan plain.

Chedorlaomer's demise

After warring against the cities of the Plain at the Battle of Siddim, King Chedorlaomer went to Sodom and Gomorrah to collect booty. At Sodom, amongst the spoils of war, he took Lot and his entire household captive. When Lot's uncle, Abram received news of what happened, he assembled a battle unit of three hundred and eighteen men who pursued the Elamite forces north of Damascus to Hobah. Abram and one of his divisions defeated Chedorlaomer. (Genesis 14:11–17) According to the King James Version, verse 17 is translated that Chedorlaomer was actually slaughtered.[KJV] Young's Literal Translation uses the term smiting.[YNG]

Linguistic origins

There are a number of languages which have been proposed as the origin of the name Chedorlaomer. The Persian, Assyrian and Akkadian provide the simplest linguistic agreement, but there are other possibilities.

See also Battle of Siddim#Identifying the kings.

See also


  • Main source: Freedman, Meyers & Beck. Eerdmans dictionary of the Bible (ISBN 0802824005, ISBN 9780802824004), 2000, p. 232
  • "Book of Jasher J.H.Perry and co. Salt Lake city 1887"
  1. ^ Strongs H 3540
  2. ^ Knanishu, Joseph. About Persia and its people, 1899, p. 228
  3. ^ Genesis 14:9 With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel"he who's words are dark" king of Shinar better known as "Nimrod", and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five.
  4. ^ Eerdmans, Chedorlaomer, par.2
  5. ^ Eerdmans, Chedorlaomer, par.2
  6. ^ a b 'Chedorlaomer' at

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  • CHEDORLAOMER — (Heb. כְּדָרְלָעֹמֶר), king of Elam, to whom five kings in the southern region of the Land of Canaan had paid allegiance for 12 years. In the 13th year the Canaanite kings revolted, and in the following year Chedorlaomer led a punitive expedition …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Chedorlaomer —    (= Khudur Lagamar of the inscriptions), king of Elam. Many centuries before the age of Abraham, Canaan and even the Sinaitic peninsula had been conquered by Babylonian kings, and in the time of Abraham himself Babylonia was ruled by a dynasty… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • CHODORLAHOMOR vel CHEDORLAOMER — Rex Aelamitarum, unde Persae oriundi, victus ab Abrahamo A. M. 2118. Vide Gen. c. 14. v. 4 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Abraham — (). For Muslims, he is a prophet of Islam and the ancestor of Muhammad through his other son Ishmael born to him by his wife s servant, Hagar. Abraham is also a progenitor of the Semitic tribes of the Negev who trace their descent from their… …   Wikipedia

  • Genesis 14 — 1 And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations; 2 That these made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Sodom and Gomorrah — For other uses, see Sodom and Gomorrah (disambiguation). The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, John Martin, 1852. Sodom (Hebrew: סְדוֹם, Modern  …   Wikipedia

  • Babylonia — • Includes geography, history, and biblical references Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Babylonia     Babylonia     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • List of minor biblical figures — This list contains persons named in the Bible of minor notability, about whom either nothing or very little is known, aside from any family connections. This literature related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Contents: A B C D …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham —    Father of a multitude, son of Terah, named (Gen. 11:27) before his older brothers Nahor and Haran, because he was the heir of the promises. Till the age of seventy, Abram sojourned among his kindred in his native country of Chaldea. He then,… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Amraphel —    King of Shinar, southern Chaldea, one of the confederates of Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, in a war against Sodom and cities of the plain (Gen. 14:1, 4). It is now found that Amraphel (or Ammirapaltu) is the Khammu rabi whose name appears on… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

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