- Andrea Yates
name = Andrea Yates
birth_name = Andrea Pia Kennedy
birth_date = birth date and age|1964|7|2|
spouse = Russell Yates (divorced, 2004)
children = Noah, b. February 26, 1994
John, b. December 15, 1995
Paul, b. September 13, 1997
Luke, b. February 15, 1999
Mary, b. November 30, 2000
Andrea Pia Yates (born July 2, 1964) a
Houston, Texasresident, is known for killing her five young children on June 20, 2001, by drowning them in the bathtubin her house. She had been suffering for years with severe postpartum depression and psychosis. Her case placed the M'Naghten Rules, a legal test for insanity, under close public scrutiny in the United States. [Aaron Brown,CNN Newsnight with Aaron Brown, Feb. 20, 2002 [http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0202/20/asb.00.html Transcript] ; Suzanne O'Malley, Are You Alone? The Unspeakable Crime of Andrea Yates, Simon & Schuster, c. 2004, p.117, 118, 170, 240] Convicted of capital murderin 2002 and sentenced to life in prisonwith the possibility of parole after 40 years, Yates' conviction was later overturned on appeal. On July 26, 2006, a Texasjury ruled Yates to be not guilty by reason of insanity. She was consequently committed by the court to the North Texas State Hospital, Vernon Campus, [ [http://edition.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0607/26/ng.01.html Not Guilty Verdict for Andrea Yates; Missing Girl's Body Found in Utah] ; Nancy Grace; CNN; July 26, 2006] a high-security mental health facility in Vernon, Texas, where she received medical treatment and was a roommate of Dena Schlosser, another woman who committed filicide. In January 2007, Yates was moved to a low security state mental hospital in Kerrville, Texas. [ [http://abclocal.go.com/ktrk/story?section=local&id=4975397 KTRK-News, Houston, January 26, 2007] ]
Andrea Pia Kennedy was born in
Houston, Texasto Jutta Karin Koehler, a German immigrant, and Andrew Emmett Kennedy, whose parents were born in Ireland. [ [http://www.wargs.com/other/yates.html Ancestry of Andrea Yates ] ] Kennedy attended Milby High School, where she graduated as class valedictorianin 1982. She married Russell "Rusty" Yates, a computer programmer for NASA, on April 17, 1993, and the couple moved to the community of Clear Lake City, in southeast Houston.
The Yateses announced at their wedding in 1993 that they would seek to have "as many babies as nature allowed," a cornerstone of their newly shared religious beliefs, which were formed by the itinerant preacher
Michael Peter Woroniecki. Woroniecki had been mentoring Russell Yates since meeting him at Auburn Universityin 1984, and Russell had introduced the preacher to Andrea in 1992. In 1996, after several children, Andrea Yates began showing outward signs of exhaustion, which became more obvious in 1998 after three children and one miscarriage.
In May 1998, the Yateses were in
Florida, and they visited there with the family of their preacher. Woroniecki verbally chastised Andrea and her husband, telling them that despite many years of counsel under his ministry, they were still "headed for hell." Russell would soon have a falling out with the preacher over the dilapidated bus he had purchased from the preacher while in Florida, but Andrea would continue to correspond with the Woronieckis through to the spring of 1999, when she received several condemning and pressuring letters from them. ["So when the Warneckis (ph) from what I see in the letters I have from the summer of '98 to the spring of '99, they started really hammering Andrea about her faith, saying you've got to do it now, you know, believe now. The window of opportunity is closing. We won't be in your lives much longer. And it was in the summer of '99, after having been hammered for months about this, that she attempted suicide the first time believing that she was trying to save the kids, you know, because she was bad, she was evil and she wanted to kill herself rather than them." Suzy Spencer, Emotional Week Ends in Dog Mauling, Yates Trials, CNN Transcripts, March 1, 2002 [http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0203/01/tpt.00.html Transcript] ]
In July 1999, Yates succumbed to a
nervous breakdown, which culminated in two suicideattempts and two psychiatric hospitalizations that summer. She was diagnosed with postpartum psychosis.cite journal | last =McLellan | first =Faith | title =Mental health and justice: the case of Andrea Yates | journal = The Lancet| volume =368 | issue =9551 | pages =1951–1954 | publisher = Elsevier| location = Amsterdam| date =2 December 2006|url=http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140673606697894/fulltext | doi =10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69789-4 | accessdate=2008-04-10] She was successfully treated and discharged in January 2000.
Her first psychiatrist, Dr. Eileen Starbranch, testified that she urged the couple not to have more children, as it would "guarantee future psychotic depression". The Yateses conceived their fifth child approximately 7 weeks after her discharge.
Yates' mental illness resurfaced in March 2001, three months after the birth of her fifth child. Her illness was further exacerbated by the death of her father in mid-March 2001. Two weeks later, she became so incapacitated that she required immediate hospitalization. On April 1, 2001 she came under the care of Dr. Mohammed Saeed. She was treated and released. On May 3, 2001, she degenerated back into a "near catatonic" state and suspiciously drew a bath in the middle of the day for no apparent reason. Andrea was hospitalized the next day after a scheduled doctor visit. Her psychiatrist determined she was probably suicidal and had drawn the tub to drown herself. Andrea would later confess to police that she had planned to drown the children that day, but she had decided against doing it then. [Suzanne O'Malley, Are You There Alone?, p. 20]
Yates continued under Dr. Saeed's care until June 20, 2001, when her husband left for work, leaving Andrea alone to watch their five children against Dr. Saaed's instructions to supervise her around the clock. [ [http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/special/drownings/4044790.html Yates not Grossly Psychotic before Drownings Dietz testifies] ; Dale Lezon;
Houston Chronicle; July 13, 2006] Mr. Yates' mother, Dora Yates, had been scheduled by Russell to arrive an hour later to take over for Andrea. In the space of that hour, Andrea Yates drowned all five of her children.
Andrea Yates was raised
Roman Catholic, but she recanted her former beliefs in 1992 when she submitted to Russell's mentor, travelling preacher Michael Peter Woroniecki, whom he had met at Auburn Universityin the fall of 1984. He introduced his wife to the preacher in 1992, before they married. Woroniecki promoted a doctrine that his followers should have "as many children as nature allows", which the Yateses both announced at their wedding they were going to pursue. (See Quiverfull.)
In the aftermath of the drownings, investigative reporter Suzy Spencer discovered letters written to Yates by the Woroniecki family that berated her for her "unrighteous standing before God". A newsletter called "Perilous Times", authored by the Woronieckis the first month of 2000, was introduced into
evidenceat her trials to help establish the central motivating content behind her psychotic delusions. [ [http://members.aol.com/niek02/tracts/PerilousTimes1999_Rachel.jpgExcerpt of Perilous Times Newsletter introduced at trial] The Perilous Times Newsletter was dated January, 2000 according to Susanne O'Malley in her book "Are You There Alone?",(see footnote on p. 29)]
Also introduced at the retrial was a video produced by the Woronieckis in 1996. In this video, the preacher condemns what he calls the hypocritical, modern, "husband goes to work, wife just exists," Christian lifestyle. Alternatively, he taught that parents must boldly and prophetically preach full time on the streets as he does, "training" their children through this example, so they would emulate it and thus be "saved;" however, Russell continued to work at
NASAcontrary to Woroniecki's instructions. [ 30-minute audio excerpt of the teaching portion of the video [http://members.aol.com/niek02/AudioClipArchive/DevilMaskVideoExcerpt_30min.mp3 Audio clip] ] The defense argued that Yates' delusions followed the video's rationale that the life she was living would ensure her children's fate in hell.
Yates told her jail psychiatrist, "It was the seventh deadly sin. My children weren't righteous. They stumbled because I was
evil. The way I was raising them, they could never be saved. They were doomed to perish in the fires of hell." [cite news
last = Christian
first = Carol
coauthors = Lisa Teachy
title = Yates Believed Children Doomed
publisher = Houston Chronicle
url = http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/special/drownings/1268306.html
accessdate = 2006-07-26]
On June 20, 2001, after her husband left for work at 9:00 a.m., Yates filled the family bathtub, and proceeded to drown her three youngest sons, Luke, Paul and John, placing their bodies next to each other on a bed, an arm of one of the children was placed around another. The infant, Mary, had been in the bathroom in her bassinet, crying during this time. She became the fourth victim. When the oldest, Noah, entered the room, Mary's body was still in the bathtub; after asking his mother what was wrong with Mary, Noah attempted to flee the room. [Although "Time" reported Houston police saw child-sized footprints of water throughout the house implying a chase, Yates later denied chasing Noah in a letter to author Suzanne O'Malley in November 2001. Police interview by Officer Mehl: "Did he try to run from you? Yates: "Yes." Mehl: "Did he get out of the bathroom OR were you able to catch him?" Yates: "I got him." Yates would later say that she had not chased her eldest son around the house as detectives and prosecutors later alleged and "Time" reported. Suzanne Omalley, Are You Alone? p.18] Yates caught Noah and then drowned him next to his sister's body. Yates took Mary's body into the other room, laid it next to the first three, and covered all four with a sheet. Yates left Noah in the tub.
Andrea then called
9-1-1and calmly asked for a police officer to come, asking for an ambulance only after it was suggested by the operator. Yates then called her husband at work saying, "You need to come home...." Rusty asked her if anyone was hurt and she replied "Yes." He then asked who and she replied "It's the children ... all of them." When Russell Yates rushed home, he found police and medical personnel had already surrounded his house.
Mr. Yates, visibly distraught, was kept waiting outside the crime scene inside his home for five hours as the
medical examinerprocessed the children's bodies.
Andrea Yates received the officers at the door, telling them she had just killed her children. She led them to the master bedroom where they found the four youngest children covered with a sheet, lying face up on the bed, eyes still open. Noah was discovered by another officer face-down in the bathtub. Yates calmly explained what she had done, and offered no resistance to the officers as she was led away from the scene.
Although the defense's expert testimony agreed that Yates was psychotic, Texas law requires that, in order to successfully assert the
insanity defense, the defendant must prove that he or she could not discern right from wrong at the time of the crime. In March 2002, a jury rejected the insanity defense and found Yates guilty. Although the prosecution had sought the death penalty, the juryrefused that option. The trial court sentenced Yates to life imprisonmentwith eligibility for parolein 40 years. [ [http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,218445,00.html Andrea Yates: More To The Story] "Time" By Timothy Roche March 18, 2002]
On January 6, 2005, the Texas Court of Appeals reversed the convictions, because California psychiatrist and prosecution witness Dr.
Park Dietzadmitted he had given materially false testimony during the trial. Dietz stated that shortly before the killings, an episode of " Law & Order" had aired featuring a woman who drowned her children and was acquitted of murder by reason of insanity. Author Suzanne O'Malley, who was covering the trial for Oprah magazine and had previously been a writer for " Law & Order," immediately reported that no such episode existed; ['"Law & Order'saved Yates," New York Post, Friday, March 22,2002, p10] the appellate court held that the jury may have been influenced by his false testimony and that thus a new trial would be necessary. (Later, in 2004, "" did air the episode "", based in part on Yates' case.)
On January 9, 2006, Yates again entered pleas of not guilty by reason of insanity. On February 1, 2006, she was granted release on
bailon the condition that she be admitted to a mental health treatment facility. [ [http://www.nbc5.com/money/9546260/detail.html Psychiatrist: Yates Thought Drownings Were Right] July 19, 2006]
On July 26, 2006, after three days of deliberations, Yates was found not guilty by reason of insanity, as defined by the state of Texas. She was thereafter committed to the North Texas State Hospital - Vernon Campus. [cite news
last = Brown
first = Angela K.
title = Jury finds Yates not guilty in drownings
publisher = Houston Chronicle
url = http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/ap/nation/4074127.html
accessdate = 2006-07-26] In January 2007, Yates was moved to a low security state mental hospital in
Kerrville, Texas. [ [http://abclocal.go.com/ktrk/story?section=local&id=4975397 KTRK-News, Houston, January 26, 2007] ]
Responsibility for children's deaths
According to trial testimony in 2006, Dr. Saeed advised Russell Yates not to leave his patient unattended. Without consulting the doctor about his plans, and against medical advice, Mr. Yates began leaving his wife alone with the children in the weeks leading up to the drownings. [ [http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/special/drownings/4044790.html Yates not Grossly Psychotic before Drownings Dietz testifies] ; Dale Lezon;
Houston Chronicle; July 13, 2006] Russell had announced to a family gathering the weekend before the drownings that he had decided to leave Andrea home alone for an hour each morning and evening, so that she would not become totally dependent on him and his mother for her maternal responsibilities. [Suzy Spencer, Breaking Point, p. 300] Andrea Yates' brother, Brian Kennedy, told Larry Kingon a broadcast of CNN's " Larry King Live" that Russell expressed to him in 2001 while transporting her to Devereux treatment facility that all depressed people needed was a "swift kick in the pants" to get them motivated. [ CNN-Larry King Live, January 16, 2005 [http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0501/16/lkl.01.html Transcript] ] Mrs. Yates' mother, Jutta Karin Kennedy, expressed shock when she heard of Russell's plan while at the dinner gathering with them, saying that she wasn't safe enough to care for the children. She noted that her daughter demonstrated she wasn't in her right mind when she nearly choked her still-toothless infant Mary by trying to feed her solid food. [Cynthia Hunt, "Andrea Yates' Mother Recalls Conversation Days before Drownings," KTRK News, Houston, 3/18/2002 [http://members.aol.com/niek02/KTRKArchives/AndreaYatesMotherRecallsConversationDaysBefore_Mar18_2002.htm] ] According to authors Suzy Spencer and Suzanne O'Malley, who investigated the Yates story in great detail, it was during a phone call Dr. Saeed made to Russell Yates during the breaking news of the killings that he first learned that Andrea was not being supervised full time. [Spencer, p. 18; O'Malley, p. 23]
On August 16, 1999, during an office visit with the Yateses, Andrea's first psychiatrist, Dr. Eileen Starbranch, says she was shocked to disbelief when the Yates expressed a desire to discontinue Andrea's medications so that she could become pregnant again. She warned and counseled the couple against having more children, and noted in the medical record two days later, '"Apparently patient and husband plan to have as many babies as nature will allow! This will surely guarantee future psychotic depression."' [O'Malley, p. 41; Yates' husband takes stand, CBS News, Feb. 26, 2002 [http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2002/02/28/national/main502440.shtml Article] ] Nevertheless, Andrea Yates became pregnant with her fifth child, Mary, only 7 weeks after being discharged from Dr. Starbranch's care on January 12, 2000. [Yates Timeline, Houston Chronicle, January 6, 2005 [http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/special/drownings/1274920.html Timeline] ] Despite Russell Yates' statements to the media that he was never told by psychiatrists that Andrea was psychotic nor that she could harm her children, and that he would have never had more children had he known otherwise, ["'If I'd known she was psychotic, we'd never have even considered having more kids,' Yates told the Dallas Observer." Terri Langford, Rusty Yates' actions puzzle acquaintance, Houston Chronicle, June 15, 2006 [http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/special/drownings/3733316.html Article] ] [Carlton Stowers, Tracks of His Tears, Dallas Observer, January 23, 2003 [http://www.dallasobserver.com/2003-01-23/news/tracks-of-his-tears/full Article] ] [Laura Parker, Rusty Yates 'didn't know' wife was psychotic, USA Today, Mar. 18, 2002 [http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2002/03/18/usat-yates.htm Article] ] Andrea revealed to her jail psychiatrist, Dr. Melissa Ferguson, that prior to their last child, "she had told Rusty that she did not want to have sex because Dr. Starbranch had said she might hurt her children." Russell, she said, simply asserted his procreative religious beliefs, complimented her as a good mother, and persuaded her that she could handle more children. [A few months before 11/6/01, Mrs. Yates had recalled that prior to Mary’s birth, she had told Rusty that she did not want to have sex because Dr. Starbranch had said she might hurt her children. Rusty had said, “The Lord tells us to go forth and multiply. You’re a good mother. You can handle more children.” After recounting this, Mrs. Yates asked Dr. Ferguson, “Did I do the right thing?” [Interview of Melissa Ferguson, M.D., 11/6/01.] [http://www.parkdietzassociates.com/files/Report_of_Dr._Park_Dietz_re._Andrea_Yates__2002.pdf Forensic Psychiatric Evaluation, Park Dietz, Feb. 25, 2002] ]
Author Suzanne O'Malley highlighted Russell Yates' continuing sense of unreality regarding having more children:
"During the trial, he'd successfully maintained the position that Andrea would be found innocent. He had fantasies of having more children with her after she was successfully treated in a mental health facility and released on the proper medication. He worked his way through various fixes for their damaged lives, such as a surrogate motherhood and adoption (horrifying Andrea's family, attorney's and Houston psychiatrists) before giving in to reality." [O'Malley, p. 246]
Russell Yates contended that as a psychiatrist, Dr. Saeed was responsible for recognizing and properly treating his wife's psychosis, not a medically untrained person like himself. ["My God, we went -- I couldn't see this. We went to a doctor two days before this happened. I mean, we went -- the children passed away on June 20. We went to a doctor on June 18. He's a trained professional who is supposed to be able to recognize these kinds of things. I'm not. I'm just a guy. So..."; CNN Larry King Live, Interview with Russell Yates, Aired March 18, 2002 [http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0203/18/lkl.00.html Transcript] ] He also claimed that, despite his urgings to check her medical records for prior treatment, Dr. Saeed had refused to continue her regimen of the
antipsychoticHaldol, the treatment that had worked for her during her first breakdown in 1999. ["The real question to me is: How could she have been so ill and the medical community not diagnose her, not treat her, and obviously not protect our family from her."..."Rusty testified that he never knew that Andrea had visions and voices; he said he never knew she had considered killing the children. Neither did Dr. Saeed, even though the delusions could have been found in medical records from 1999...Dr. Saeed reluctantly prescribed Haldol, the same drug that worked in a drug cocktail for her in 1999. But after a few weeks, he took her off the drug, citing his concerns about side effects...Though Andrea's condition seemed to be worsening two days before the drownings, when her husband drove her to Dr. Saeed's office, Rusty testified, the doctor refused to try Haldol longer or return her to the hospital."Andrea Yates, More to the Story, Timothy Roche, Time Magazine, March 18, 2002 [http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,218445-1,00.html Article pp.1,3] ] Mr. Yates added that his wife was too sick to be released from her last stay in the hospital in May, 2001. He said he noticed the staff lower their heads as if in shame and embarrassment, turning away without saying a word. The hospital had had no other choice due to the ten day psychiatric hospitalization insurance constraints of the Yates' provider, Blue Cross-Blue Shield, subcontracted by Magellan Health Services. [Spencer, p. 119] [O'Malley, p. 23]
Andrea's former husband and her birth family with the assistance of a Scientology watchdog group believe that the combination of antidepressants were improperly prescribed by Dr. Saeed in the days before the tragedy was responsible for Andrea's violent, psychotic behavior. [Carol Christian, 'Harmful treatment' Family files complaint against Yates' psychiatrist, Houston Chronicle, Apr. 11, 2002 [http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/special/drownings/1360510.html Article] ] ["Andrea was on 450 mg of Effexor, among other medications, and was in (Russell's) opinion, severely overmedicated."..."The psychiatrist said he would reduce the Effexor from 450 mg to 300 mg. Rusty protested and quoted his own extensive research on the antidepressant. He said he read it shouldn't be reduced by more than 75 mg every three or four days, not 150 mg in one day." Suzy Spencer, Breaking Point, St. Martin's Press, c. 2002, p.119,120] According to Dr. Moira Dolan, executive director of the Medical Accountability Network, "homicidal ideation" was added to the warning label of the antidepressant drug Effexor as a rare adverse event, in 2005. Yates, she said, had been taking 450 mg, twice the recommended maximum dose, for a month prior to killing her children. Dr. Dolan reviewed Yates' medical record at the request of her then-husband, Russell Yates. ["Yates had been prescribed Effexor in varying doses since shortly after her first suicide attempt in 1999, said Dolan, who reviewed her medical records after Yates' first trial at the request of Yates' then-husband, Russell Yates. A month before the murders, her daily dose had increased to 450 milligrams, twice the recommended maximum dose, Dolan said." Angela K. Brown, Group warns of drug Yates took before deaths, Houston Chronicle, July 10, 2006 [http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/metropolitan/4035681.html Article] ]
Dr. Lucy Puyear, an expert witness hired by Yates' defense team, countered the family's contention regarding the administration of her antidepressants, saying the dosages prescribed by Saeed are not uncommon in practice and had nothing at all to do with her reemergent psychosis. She suggested rather that Yates' psychosis returned as a result of the Haldol having been discontinued by her doctor two weeks earlier. [Carol Christian, 'Harmful treatment' Family files complaint against Yates' psychiatrist, Houston Chronicle, Apr. 11, 2002 [http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/special/drownings/1360510.html Article] ] The oral form of haloperidol (Haldol) takes 4-6 days after discontinuation to reach a terminal plasma level of under 1.5%--a medical standard for "complete" elimination of a drug from the body. [ [http://www.medsafe.govt.nz/profs/datasheet/s/Serenacetaboralsolninj.htm Haldol Data Sheet] ; [http://gargoyle.arcadia.edu/psychology/blustein/neuro/Lecture_Notes/Psychopharmacology_II_Lecture_Notes.pdf Half life drug standard] ]
Numerous media outlets alleged that Yates' minister,
Michael Peter Woroniecki, bears some responsibility for the deaths, reporting that he and his wife built a framework of homicidal and suicidal delusions in Yates' impressionably ill mind through "relentless gloom and doom sermonizing." [ [http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=26949 World Net Daily, Beware of Poisonous Preachers] Mar. 23, 2002] [Lost in the Message? Lisa Teachy, Houston Chronicle, April 5, 2002 [http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/front/1346952.html Article] "Shortly after Satan's first appearance at Andrea Pia Yates' capital murder trial, many observers began blaming the tragedy on a traveling evangelist the Yates family once admired. Television networks flashed images of the proselytizing preacher in a devil costume to accompany their coverage of the trial -- linking Michael Woroniecki to Yates' confession that she killed her children to save their souls."] [In the aftermath of the 2006 retrial and insanity verdict of Andrea Yates, host Chris Cuomo reported on ABC Primetime that: " [Andrea Yates'] delusions were fueled by the extreme religious beliefs of a bizarre, itinerant street preacher named Michael Woroniecki ..."; Chris Cuomo, "Primetime, Insanity Verdict, Insanity Defense. Secrets and Lies: The American Imposter, The American Imposter Tells All", ABC Primetime, July 27, 2006 [http://www.transcripts.tv/primetime-live.cfm Order Transcript] See also: [http://a.abcnews.com/Primetime/Story?id=2244865&page=1 ABC Article of Telecast] ] [Doug Saunders, Globe and Mail, Toronto Canada, Mar. 14, 2002 [http://www.rickross.com/reference/woroniecki/woroniecki4.html Article] ] She had come to believe that she was a "bad mother" who was spiritually and behaviorally damaging her children, and that it was better to kill herself and her offspring rather than to allow them to continue "stumbling" and go to hell ["Andrea’s life was also distinguished by religious obsession and a steadfast devotion to tales of sin and Scripture, a 'repent-or-burn zeal' that led her to believe she was a bad mother with ruined offspring. According to Andrea, she killed her children to save them from Satan and her own evil maternal influences, delusions that did little to help Andrea’s defense because they fueled her own desire for punishment." Deborah W. Denno, WHO IS ANDREA YATES? A SHORT STORY ABOUT INSANITY, Duke Journal of Gender Law & Policy, Vol. 10, Summer, 2003 [http://www.law.duke.edu/shell/cite.pl?10+Duke+J.+Gender+L.+&+Pol'y+1+pdf Article] ] --a staple of her minister's teaching to parents found on his 1996 video, which the Yates both received from him and watched. [Suzanne O'Malley, Are You There Alone? The Unspeakable Crime of Andrea Yates, Simon and Schuster, c. 2004, p.229] After viewing this video, Dr. Lucy Puryear told Houston's KTRK-13 News and " Good Morning America" that although Andrea would have still been mentally ill, she didn't believe Yates would have ever drowned her children had it not been for Woroniecki's religious influences. [ABC's Good Morning America, March 27, 2002 [http://hometown.aol.com/Niek0/sounds/puryear.mp3 Audio Excerpt] ]
Although psychiatrists for both the Texas State prosecutors and Yates' defense lawyers agreed that Andrea was severely mentally ill with one of several psychotic diseases at the time she killed her children, [O'Malley, p. 143-145,175,177,236] the state of Texas asserted that she was by legal definition aware enough to judge her actions as right or wrong despite her mental defect. The prosecution further implied spousal-revenge as motive for the killings, despite the conclusion of defense experts that there was no evidence to support such a motive. [Anne Belli Gesalman, Psychosis Or Vengeance? Newsweek, Mar. 7, 2002 [http://www.newsweek.com/id/74967?tid=relatedcl Article] ; O'Malley, p. 146] Although the original death-qualified jury believed Yates was legally aware of her actions, they disagreed that Yates was motived by spousal-revenge. [O'Malley, p. 217] The jury in 2006 completely disagreed with the prosecution's assertions and her earlier conviction from 2002 was overturned.
In a letter to "Are You Alone?" author Suzanne O'Malley postmarked Oct. 24, 2002, Yate's preacher, Michael Woroniecki, accused Andrea Yates of killing her children with the "sole motive" of revenge against her husband, who he claimed told him on several occasions of her "intense hatred for Rusty." [O'Malley, p. 97] In question as to why he did not come forward with such damaging testimony before or during the trial, Woroniecki claimed simply that no one had asked him. [ibid.] Curiously, Woroniecki denied having knowledge of Andrea's motive only five months earlier in a radio broadcast of the Leslie Primeau Show at CHED AM 630 in Edmonton, Canada. [The Leslie Primeau Show, CHED AM 630, Edmonton, Canada, May 2002; Michael Woroniecki, "Edmonton Interview" tape, May, 2002, [http://members.aol.com/pranalite/sounds/DoesntKnowAndreasMotivations.mp3 Excerpt] , [http://members.aol.com/niek02/AudioClipArchive/EdmontonInterview_23min.mp3 Full interview] ]
Thrash metalband Trivium wrote a song about the Andrea Yates case called Entrance of the Conflagrationon their album, The Crusade. Lead Singer/Guitarist Matt Heafywrote the song claiming that Yates was mentally mutilated.
Marc Cherry, the creator of the ABC-TV show " Desperate Housewives" was inspired by the story of the Andrea Yates drownings. [ [http://www.hollywood.com/celebrity/Marc_Cherry/1218538 Writer's Bio] ]
* The "" episode "" was based on the Andrea Yates case.
* The Law & Order episode "Mother's Day" mentioned Andrea Yates during a case when a mother killed her son.
*Bienstock, Sheri L. "Mothers Who Kill Their Children and Postpartum Psychosis", (2003) Vol. 32, No. 3 Southwestern University Law Review, 451.
*Keram, "The Insanity Defense and Game Theory: Reflections on Texas v.Yates", (2002) Vol. 30, No. 4 Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 470.
*O'Malley, Suzanne, '"Are You There Alone?:" The Unspeakable Crime of Andrea Yates' ISBN 0-7434-6629-2, See also [http://www.suzanneomalley.com/ author website]
*Spencer, "Breaking Point" ISBN 0-312-93871-3, See also [http://www.suzyspencer.com/ author website]
* [http://www.yateskids.org/ Father's website for the family]
* [http://www.yatescase.org Father's Blog (formerly a fact gathering database concerning the tragedy)]
* [http://simon.says.com/ Are You There Alone? website for Edgar-nominated book and blog on the Yates case]
* [http://www.law.duke.edu/journals/djglp/downloads/gen10p61.pdf Timeline of Andrea Yates' Life and Trial]
* [http://www.law.duke.edu/shell/cite.pl?10+Duke+J.+Gender+L.+&+Pol'y+1#H1N2 Who is Andrea Yates? A Short Story of Insanity, Deborah Denno]
* [http://www.crimelibrary.com/notorious_murders/women/andrea_yates/ CrimeLibrary review]
* [http://crime.about.com/od/current/p/andreayates.htm About.com profile]
* [http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2001/yates/ CNN review of case]
* [http://abcnews.go.com/US/LegalCenter/Story?id=2245394&page=2 Dr. Michael Welner, who examined Yates, lists 68 reasons she knew right from wrong.] ABC News.
* [http://www.forensicpanel.com/yates.ppt PowerPoint evidence presented by expert witness Dr. Michael Welner during trial.]
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