Fårö (Gutnish "Faroy"; literally, "distant island") is a small Baltic Sea island north of the province of Gotland, off Sweden's southeastern coast. It is the second-largest island in the province. It has a population of less than 600, and has become a popular summer resort. The island has no banks, post offices, medical services or police, and very few roads. It has its own dialect, claimed to be the oldest language in Sweden. [ [http://travel.nytimes.com/2007/10/07/travel/07cultured.html?8dpc The Enchanted Island That Bergman Called Home - New York Times ] ]


The island is separated from Gotland by the Fårö-strait, but connected by two ferries, operated by the Swedish National Road Administration. It has an area of 111.35 square kilometers, whereof 9.7 km² are water areas — bogs — or islets.On the islands of Fårö and Gotland, rock formations called "Rauk" can be found. These were a result of erosion during the Ice Age and are unique to Gotland and Fårö.

Military past

Until the 1990s, Fårö and the North of Gotland were off limits to foreigners because of a government military installation there. [ [http://travel.nytimes.com/2007/10/07/travel/07cultured.html?pagewanted=print The Enchanted Island That Bergman Called Home - New York Times ] ] There were large, multilingual signs at the side of the roads informing visitors of this, and the prohibition was strictly enforced. When Sweden joined the European Union, the installation (Swedish coastal artillery division KA3) was shut down.

A relic of the island's military past is a 203-meter tall radio mast at Holmudden at 57°57'33" N and 19°20'46" E.

Cinematic heritage

Swedish filmmaker Ingmar Bergman lived and died on Fårö, and several of his movies were filmed there, among them "Through a Glass Darkly" (1961), "Persona" (1966), "Hour of the Wolf" (1968), "Shame" (1968), "The Passion of Anna" (1969), and "Scenes From a Marriage" (1972; filmed at the home of his ex-wife) [ [http://travel.nytimes.com/2007/10/07/travel/07cultured.html?pagewanted=print The Enchanted Island That Bergman Called Home - New York Times ] ] .

The Bergman Festival is a weeklong tribute to the filmmaker held on the island every June.

Andrei Tarkovsky's "The Sacrifice" was also filmed on Fårö.


An annual event on Fårö is "Fårönatta" (Fårö Nights), held in September, during which restaurants and bars stay open all night, craft stands are set up and the church holds a midnight Mass. [ [http://travel.nytimes.com/2007/10/07/travel/07cultured.html?pagewanted=print The Enchanted Island That Bergman Called Home - New York Times ] ]

Fårö districts

"Fårö Fyr" (Fårö Lighthouse)

The "Fårö fyr" lighthouse lies on the island's northeastern point. It is 30-meters high and was built between 1846-47.


The Langhammar peninsula and the Langhammar nature reserve on north-western Fårö feature rocky beaches with the Ice Age stone monoliths known as rauks. Langhammar was the setting for Ingmar Bergman's movie "Through a Glass Darkly." [ [http://travel.nytimes.com/2007/10/07/travel/07cultured.html?pagewanted=print The Enchanted Island That Bergman Called Home - New York Times ] ]


The Digerhuvud nature reserve features the Helgumannen fishing village. It is not suited for swimming due to its depth (up to 80 meters close to the shore) and strong currents, however, it is a popular diving and sport-fishing area.


The long, sandy Sudersand beach on north-eastern Fårö lies next to Sudersands Semesterby which rents cabins to tourists.


External links

* [http://www.gotland.info/language/eng/gotland-faro-information.php Gotland Tourist Accosiation — Fårö]
* [http://runeberg.org/nfbi/0121.html "Fårö" article] from Nordisk Familjebok
* [http://www.phogle.com/en/browse/806.html Photos of "Fårö"] from [http://www.phogle.com/ The Phogle Photo Collection]
* [http://www.sudersand.se/ Sudersands Semesterby och Badrestaurang] accommodation and restaurant on Fårö.
* [http://faroy.noneto.com/index.htm Fårömålet] — Description of the Fårö dialect of the Gutnish language

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