name = Henequen
image_width = 250px
divisio = Magnoliophyta
genus = "
species = "A. fourcroydes"
binomial = "Agave fourcroydes"
Henequen ("Agave fourcroydes" Lem.) is an
agavewhose leaves yield a fiberalso called henequen which is suitable for ropeand twine, but not of as high a quality as sisal. Alternative spellings are Henequin and Heniquen. It is the major plantation fiber agave of eastern Mexico, being grown extensively in Yucatán, Veracruz, and southern Tamaulipas.
The plant appears as a rosette of sword-shaped leaves 1.2 to 1.8 meters long, growing out of a thick stem that may reach 1.7 meters (5 ft). The leaves have regularly-spaced teeth 3-6 mm long, and a terminal spine 2-3 cm long.
Like the sisal, "A. fourcroydes" is a sterile hybrid; the ovaries never produce seeds. The plant does produce bulbils that may be planted, but commercial growers prefer to use the frequent suckers, which develop more quickly.
Howard Scott Gentry, "Agaves of Continental North America" (University of Arizona Press, 1982) pp. 573-576
* [http://www.yucatantoday.com/culture/eng-haciendas.htm Henequen-growing Haciendas in the Yucatan]
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