Infobox Irish Place
name = Killarney
gaeilge = Cill Airne
pin coords = left: 90px; top: 75px
north coord = 52.0588
west coord = 9.5072
irish grid = V969909
elevation = 50 m
town pop = 13,426
rural pop = 3,505
census yr = 2006
web = www.killarney.ie
Killarney ( _ga. Cill Airne, meaning "The church of the sloes" [http://www.killarney.ie Official Killarney website outlining meaning of name] ) is a town in
County Kerry, southwestern Ireland. The town is located north of the MacGillicuddy Reeks, on the northeastern shore of the Lough Lein/Leane which are part of Killarney National Park. The town is home to St. Mary's Cathedral, Ross Castle, Muckross Abbey, Torc Waterfalland Gap of Dunloe.
Killarney was awarded the "Best Kept Town" award for
2007in a cross-border competition jointly organised by the Department of the Environment and the Northern Ireland Amenity Council. Owing to its natural heritage, history and proximity to the Dingle Peninsula, Skellig Michaelisland and its location on the Ring of Kerry, Killarney is a popular tourist destination.
Killarney is served by National Primary Route N22 (north to
Traleeand Castleisland, south to Cork) and National Secondary Route N72 (west to Killorglin, east to Waterford).
There are train services to Tralee,
Limerick, Cork and Dublinoperated by Iarnród Éireann. Bus Éireannprovides bus services to Limerick (and onwards to Dublin), Tralee, Cork, Kenmareand Skibbereen. Killarney railway stationopened on 15 July 1853. [cite web | title=Killarney station | work=Railscot - Irish Railways | url=http://www.railscot.co.uk/Ireland/Irish_railways.pdf | accessdate=2007-09-04|format=PDF] Kerry Airport, in Farranforebetween Traleeand Killarney, provides an increasing number of air services. Cork Airport, easily accessible by bus or rail, also serves the Kerry region.
Killarney has three
Gaelic footballteams: Dr. Crokes, Killarney Legionand Spa. The rural hinterland has a large number of Gaelic footballteams, such as Kilcummin, Fossa, Firies, Glenflesk and Gneeveguilla. All these teams compete in the Kerry County league and the East Kerry Championship (O'Donoghue Cup) and league.
Dr Crokes are the most successful of these teams, with the most notable triumphs being the capture of the All-Ireland Club Championship in
1992and the Munster Club Championship in 1991and 1990. The club has also won the County Championship on 6 separate occasions, the last being in 2000. Dr Crokes are the only club in Killarney with a hurlingteam, which has had some important successes, most recently winning the Kerry Intermediate Hurling Championship in 1999and 2001.
There are six active rowing clubs in the town, who share a common history in Ireland's oldest surviving regatta, the Killarney Regatta, which is held annually on the first or second Sunday in July. The six clubs are Commercial RC (Killarney), Flesk Valley RC, Fossa RC, Muckross RC, St. Brendan's RC and Workmen RC. The style of rowing seen at the regatta is traditional, fixed seat rowing in wide, wooden 6 person boats. Since the eighties, a number of the clubs have moved toward coastal type rowing and modern 'slide' or Olympic style rowing.
Muckross Rowing Club is the largest and most successful of the clubs, having developed into a full time 'sliding' club with 24 National Championships (since 1996) at various levels from Junior to Senior. A number of members of the club have also been selected to row for Ireland and have competed successfully at the
Home International Regatta, Coupe de la Jeunesse, World Rowing Championshipsand Olympic Games. Paul Griffin and Sean Casey, members of Muckross Rowing Club and Cathal Moynihan, a former member, are Irish World Championship rowers. Paul Griffin, racing in Irish Mens Lightweight Four, finished sixth at the 2004 Olympic Gamesin Athens, won a silver medal at the 2005 World Championships and a bronze at the 2006 World Championships. He was also (as a member of the Lightweight Four) overall category winner of the 2006 World Cup Rowing series. Sean Casey is currently a member of the Irish Heavyweight Four which has qualified for the 2008 Olympic Gamesfollowing their tenth place finish at the 2007 World Championships. In the same crew, Sean also won the 'B' final (seventh overall) at the 2006 World Championships and won bronze at the 2006 Munich World Cup Regatta. Cathal Moynihan made his international Senior debut in the Mens Lightweight Four at the 2007 Linz World Cup Regatta in Austria.
Killarney Rugby Club competes in the Munster Junior 1 League Division 3. Killarney Cycling Club is involved in road racing, cross country mountain biking, and has had recent success in
downhill mountain biking.
Hosierymanufacturing and shoe making were major industries in the town during the last century but have since seen decline. Liebherr Cranes have had a presence in Killarney since 1958, with a combined manufacturing/research and development facility in the town. Dollinger-SPX, a filtrationproducts firm and Killarney Plastics have production facilities in the local IDA Industrial Estate. In recent years Beocare, a healthcare company set up a manufacturing and research and development base in the town with the assistance of Enterprise Ireland. The Department of Arts, Sport and Tourism have also moved to Killarney, a key beneficiary of the decentalisation of Civil Service departments outside the capital, Dublin. Certain sections of the Department of Justice have been situated in Killarney for a number of years.
Tourism is by far the largest industry in Killarney. With the exception of
Dublin, there are more hotel beds in Killarney than in any other Irish town or city. The tourist population is increasingly diverse however a significant proportion of tourists originate from the USA, Ireland, the UK, Germany and other European countries.
Killarney's tourism history goes back at least to the mid 1700s, when Thomas, fourth Viscount Kenmare, began to attract visitors and new residents to the town. The date of 1747 was used in recent 250-year celebrations to honour the history of Killarney tourism. A visit by
Queen Victoriain 1861 gave the town international exposure, which it has enjoyed ever since. In the Summer months, Killarney is busy with tourists perusing the town's numerous shops and tourist attractions. Many shops are tourist oriented with many gift shops around the town. The town centre also offers a wide range of hotels, pubs and restaurants to cater for every requirement. Killarney is also famous for its jaunting cars (horse drawn carts) operated by local jarvies. Tourists can avail of jaunting car rides and a guided tour of the town's attractions offered by the jarvies.
Killarney SummerFest [ [http://www.killarneysummerfest.com The official web-site of Killarney SummerFest] ] is a highlight of the year in the town, featuring outdoor and indoor concerts from major Irish and international acts. Previous acts include
Snow Patrol, The Cranberries, Bryan Adams, The Corrs, Westlife, Tom Jones, Kris Kristofferson, David Grayand Pink. In 2008, Westlifereturn to headline the outdoor concerts, supported by Shane Ward. Singer KT Tunstalland comedian Des Bishopare among the other acts announced. Other events scheduled for SummerFest 2008 include outdoor theatre, hot air ballooning, Riverdance, art exhibitions, children's events, and the annual SummerFest Black Tie Ball. Sporting events during the festival include the Ring of Kerry Charity Cycle, the Killarney Regatta, the 5km SummerFest Fun Run and the Killarney Races.
Lakes of Killarney
Killarney National Park
The Black Valley
Ross Castle- this square medieval tower was built by the O'Donoghues on the shores of Lough Lein in the 15th century. Now restored, the castle houses a collection of 16th and 17th century oak furniture. Ross Castle is the departure point for boat tours on Lough Lein.
Killarney is a popular destination for partygoers. Killarney's nightspots are often busy seven days a week during the summer months, when the population of the town and the surrounding area increases significantly. Pubs and clubs most commonly visited include Mustang Sallys, McSorleys, Scruffys, Scotts, Charlie Foleys, Jades, The Grand Hotel and The Granary.
Until the early 1980s, Killarney was the destination of the
Circuit of Ireland Rally, which was held every year over the Easterholiday weekend. Nowadays, on the first weekend of May each year, the town plays host to the International Rally of the Lakes. The rally brings spectators in their thousands to watch the top tarmac rally crews do battle over the classic stages of the southwest.
In recent years the event has attracted vast numbers of "boy racers" and an increase in public order offences. The
2008event saw a large Gardaípresence in the town to tackle such problems but the event was still marred by 64 arrests in the town for various degrees of public order offences including burnt out cars, destruction of property and numerous reckless driving arressts [ [http://www.the-kingdom.ie/news/story/?trs=cwqlcwojoj&cat=news The Kingdom: 100 arrests as gardaí crackdown on thugs ] ]
Dick Fitzgerald, Kerry Gaelic footballer
Paul Coghlan, Senator
*John O'Leary, former TD
Edward Eagar, lawyer and convict
Michael Fassbender, actor
*Hugh Kelly, writer
*Michael Moynihan, former TD
Breeda Moynihan Cronin, former TD
Diarmuid O'Carroll, soccer player
Brendan Moloney, soccer player
John M. O'Sullivan, TD
Colm Cooper, Gaelic footballer.
Eoin Brosnan, Gaelic footballer.
Paul Griffin, Olympic and World Championship rower
*Seán Kelly, Former President of the GAA and Chairman, Irish Institute of Sport
Gillian O'Sullivan, Athlete , Racewalker - Former Olympian, World Record Holder and Silver Medallist at the World Athletics Championships 2003.
Tadhg Lyne, three times All-Ireland Senior Football Championshipwinner with the Kerry GAAGaelic football team.
Jessie Buckley, singer, actress and finalist in the "I'd Do Anything" BBC series.
*Eileen Sheehan, Poet [ [http://www.munsterlit.ie/Conwriters/EileenSheehan.htm Eileen Sheehan ] ]
Concord, North Carolina, USA
Cooper City, Florida, USA
Kendal, Cumbria, England
Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, USA
Springfield, Illinois, USA
Castiglione di Sicilia, Italy
Pleinfeld, Bavaria, Germany[cite web | title=Treaty of Friendship | url=http://www.pleinfeld.eu/fileadmin/gemeinde/partnerschaftsvertrag/partnerschaftsvertrag.pdf | accessdate=2008-05-02|format=PDF]
List of towns in the Republic of Ireland
Ring of Kerry
Killarney National Park
* [http://www.killarney-insight.com/ Killarney Visitors Guide]
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