William Oldys

William Oldys
William Oldys in 1795

William Oldys (14 July 1696 – 15 April 1761) was an English antiquarian and bibliographer.

The illegitimate son of Dr William Oldys, chancellor of Lincoln, London was probably his place of birth. His father had held the office of advocate of the admiralty, but lost it in 1693 because he would not prosecute as traitors and pirates the sailors who had served against England under James II. William Oldys, the younger, lost part of his small patrimony in the South Sea Bubble, and in 1724 went to Yorkshire, spending the greater part of the next six years as the guest of the Earl of Malton.

On his return to London he found that his landlord had disposed of the books and papers left in his charge. Among these was an annotated copy of Gerard Langbaine's Dramatick Poets. The book came into the hands of Thomas Coxeter, and subsequently into those of Theophilus Cibber, furnishing the basis of the Lives of the Poets (1753) published with Cibber's name on the title page (though most of it was written by Robert Shiels).

In 1731 Oldys sold his collections to Edward Harley, 2nd Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, who appointed him his literary secretary in 1738. Three years later Harley died, and from that time Oldys worked for the booksellers. His habits were irregular, and in 1751 his debts drove him to the Fleet prison. After two years' imprisonment he was released through the kindness of friends who paid his debts, and in April 1755 he was appointed Norfolk Herald Extraordinary and then Norroy King of Arms by the Duke of Norfolk.

Dr. William Oldys c. 22 October 1636 was the son of Rev. William Oldys b.1591 who was murdered in Adderbury, Oxford by Parliamentarian soldiers. The account of his murder tells of how he was hunted all day due to his support of the monarchy and even though he threw down money to distract the closing pack, he was run through with a sword and died. The church bell in Adderbury still bears his name and on the wall of the vestry is a plaque written in Latin describing that dreadful day 15 September 1645. His wife Margaret née Sacheverell died 7 May 1705. She was the daughter of Ambrose Sacheverell, the Reverend at Tadmarton in 1617.

Rev. William Oldys was the son of John Oldys b. 13 July 1563 who was son of John Oldys b.1520 who was son of John Oldys, Bishop of Clanmacknoise, Ireland in 1444 who was son of Richard Oldys b. 1366. The details of this can be found in the British Library Addit 4240. Diary of Birch. MJA

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужна помощь с курсовой?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • OLDYS, WILLIAM —    bibliographer, was a man of dissolute life, the illegitimate son of a chancellor of Lincoln; he was librarian to the Earl of Oxford for 10 years, and afterwards received the appointment of Norroy king of arms; besides many bibliographical and… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Oldys, William — (1696 1761)    Antiquary, wrote a Life of Sir W. Raleigh prefixed to an ed. of his works (1736), a Dissertation on Pamphlets (1731), and was joint ed. with Dr. Johnson of the Harleian Miscellany. He amassed many interesting facts in literary… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Oxford Book of English Verse — The Oxford Book of English Verse most commonly means the Oxford Book of English Verse 1250–1900 edited by Arthur Quiller Couch, an anthology of English poetry that had a very substantial influence on popular taste and perception of poetry for at… …   Wikipedia

  • Norroy and Ulster King of Arms — The arms of office of the Norroy and Ulster King of Arms   Tradition Gallo British …   Wikipedia

  • Serjeant Painter — The Serjeant Painter was an honorable and lucrative position with the British monarchy. It carried with it the prerogative of painting and gilding all of the King s residences, coaches, banners, etc. and it grossed over £ 1,000 in a good year by… …   Wikipedia

  • Edmond Malone — Sir Joshua Reynolds s portrait in oil of Edmond Malone. Born October 4, 1741 Dublin, Ireland Died April 25, 1812(1812 04 25) (aged 70) …   Wikipedia

  • Johnson, Samuel — known as Dr. Johnson born Sept. 18, 1709, Lichfield, Staffordshire, Eng. died Dec. 13, 1784, London British man of letters, one of the outstanding figures of 18th century England. The son of a poor bookseller, he briefly attended Oxford… …   Universalium

  • April 15 — Events*1450 Battle of Formigny: Toward the end of the Hundred Years War, the French attack and nearly annihilate English forces, ending English domination in Northern France. *1632 Battle of Rain; Swedes under Gustavus Adolphus defeat the Holy… …   Wikipedia

  • July 14 — Quatorze Juillet (Fourteenth of July in French) is Bastille Day, the French national holiday celebrating the Fête de la Fédération in 1790 during the French Revolution.Events*1223 Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father,… …   Wikipedia

  • 1731 in literature — The year 1731 in literature involved some significant events and new books.Events* The Gentleman s Magazine is launched by Edward CaveNew books* Anonymous The Life of Mr. Cleveland, Natural Son of Oliver Cromwell * Corporate authorship The… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”