An antiquarian or antiquary is one concerned with antiquities or things of the past. Also, and most often in modern usage, an antiquarian is a person who deals with or collects rare and ancient "antiquarian books". More narrowly, the term is often used for those who studied history with special attention to "antiques", meaning ancient objects of art or science as physical traces of the past. Antiquarianism is usually considered to have emerged in the Middle Ages;citation|title=Egyptology: The Missing Millennium : Ancient Egypt in Medieval Arabic Writings|first=Okasha|last=El Daly|publisher=Routledge|year=2004|isbn=1844720632|page=35] by the 19th century it had become transformed and bifurcated into the academic disciplines of archaeology and philology.

Antiquarian societies

The Society of Antiquaries of London was formed in the 18th century to promote the study of antiquities. As early as 1572 a society had been founded by Bishop Matthew Parker, Sir Robert Cotton, William Camden and others for the preservation of national antiquities. This body existed till 1604, when it fell under suspicion of being political in its aims, and was abolished by King James I. Papers read at their meetings are preserved in the Cottonian library and were printed by Thomas Hearne in 1720 under the title "A Collection of Curious Discourses", a second edition appearing in 1771.

In 1707 a number of English antiquaries began to hold regular meetings for the discussion of their hobby and in 1717 the Society of Antiquaries was formally reconstituted, finally receiving a charter from King George II in 1751. In 1780 King George III granted the society apartments in Somerset House in The Strand. The society was governed by a council of twenty and a president who is "ex officio" a trustee of the British Museum.

The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland was founded in 1780 and had the management of a large national antiquarian museum in Edinburgh. In Ireland a society was founded in 1849 called the Kilkenny Archaeological Society, holding its meetings at Kilkenny. In 1869 its name was changed to the Royal Historical and Archaeological Association of Ireland, and in 1890 to the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, its office being transferred to Dublin. In France "La Société Nationale des Antiquaires de France" was formed in 1814 by the reconstruction of the "Acadêmie Celtique", which had existed since 1805. The American Antiquarian Society was founded in 1812, with its headquarters at Worcester, Massachusetts. It had a library of upwards of 100,000 volumes and its transactions have been published bi-annually since 1820. In Germany the "Gesamtverein der Deutschen Geschichts und Altertumsvereine" was founded in 1852. "La Société Royale des Antiquaires du Nord" at Copenhagen was among the best known of European antiquarian societies.

In his essay "Untimely Meditations", philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche examines three forms of history. One of these is Antiquarian History, a form of history aimed at creating a feeling of connection to one's history. Nietzsche's philosophy of history had a significant impact on critical history in the 20th century.

ome antiquarians

* Patrick Abercromby
* Pasquale Amati
* John Aubrey
* Abd-al Latif al-Baghdadi
* Sir James Balfour
* Thomas Baker
* John Bale
* John Battely
* Ma'ad al-Mustansir Billah
* William Bragge
* Thomas Browne
* George Buck
* William Camden
* Robert Crowley
* Abraham de la Pryme
* Rev. Dr. Henry Duncan
* John Foxe
* Richard Grafton
* Ibn Abd-el-Hakem
* Anthony Charles Harris
* Robert Stephen Hawker
* Muhammad al-Idrisi
* Montague Rhodes James
* Maurice Johnson
* Nasir Khusraw
* Al-Kindi
* John Leland – appointed Royal Antiquarian to King Henry VIII
* Edward Lhuyd in 1533
* H. P. Lovecraft
* William Collings Lukis
* Herman H. J. Lynge
* Dubhaltach MacFhirbhisigh
* Al-Maqrizi
* Dhul-Nun al-Misri
* Philip Norman
* Peregrine O'Duignan
* Ruaidhri O Flaithbheartaigh
* Dorning Rasbotham
* Fred Rosenstock
* Shen Kuo (Chinese surname comes before given name)
* William Forbes Skene
* John Stow
* Ahmad ibn Tulun
* George Vertue
* Ibn Wahshiyya
* Olaus Wormius
* Thomas Wright

See also

* Historian
* Cabinet of curiousities
* "The Antiquary" by Sir Walter Scott



External links

* [ American Antiquarian Society]
* [ Antiquarian Book News]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antiquarian — An ti*qua ri*an, a. [See {Antiquary}]. Pertaining to antiquaries, or to antiquity; as, antiquarian literature. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • antiquarian — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to the collection or study of antiques, rare books, or antiquities. ► NOUN (also antiquary) ▪ a person who studies or collects antiquarian items. DERIVATIVES antiquarianism noun …   English terms dictionary

  • Antiquarian — An ti*qua ri*an, n. 1. An antiquary. [1913 Webster] 2. A drawing paper of large size. See under {Paper}, n. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • antiquarian — (n.) one who studies or is fond of antiquities, c.1600, from L. antiquarius pertaining to antiquity, from antiquus (see ANTIQUE (Cf. antique)) + AN (Cf. an). As an adjective from 1771 …   Etymology dictionary

  • antiquarian — [adj] old, ancient aged, antique, archaic, hoary, obsolete, primitive, timeworn, venerable; concepts 578,797 Ant. modern, new, young …   New thesaurus

  • antiquarian — [an΄ti kwer′ē ən] adj. 1. of antiques or antiquities 2. of antiquaries 3. of, or dealing in, old books n. an antiquary antiquarianism n …   English World dictionary

  • antiquarian — [[t]æ̱ntɪkwe͟əriən[/t]] antiquarians 1) ADJ: ADJ n Antiquarian means concerned with old and rare objects. antiquarian bookseller. ...antiquarian and second hand books. 2) N COUNT An antiquarian is the same as an antiquary …   English dictionary

  • antiquarian — I UK [ˌæntɪˈkweərɪən] / US [ˌæntɪˈkwerɪən] adjective relating to the study, collection, or sale of historical objects, especially old and rare books II = antiquary antiquarian UK [ˌæntɪˈkweərɪən] / US [ˌæntɪˈkwerɪən] or antiquary UK [ˈæntɪkwərɪ]… …   English dictionary

  • antiquarian — 1. adjective /ˌæn.tɪˈkwɛɹ.i.ən/ Pertaining to antiquaries, or to antiquity; as, antiquarian literature. <! material copied from Websters Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) 2. noun /ˌæn.tɪˈkwɛɹ.i.ən/ A collector, student or expert of… …   Wiktionary

  • antiquarian — an|ti|quar|i|an [ˌæntıˈkweəriən US ˈkwer ] adj [only before noun] an antiquarian bookshop sells old books …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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