Sodium laureth sulfate

Sodium laureth sulfate

Name = Sodium laureth sulfate
ImageFile = Sodium laureth sulfate.png IUPACName =
Section1 = Chembox Identifiers
CASNo = 9004-82-4

Section2 = Chembox Properties
Formula = CH3(CH2)10CH2(OCH2CH2)nOSO3Na
MolarMass = around 420 g/mol
(274.35 + 44.05n) g mol−1
Density =
MeltingPt =
BoilingPt =

Sodium laureth sulfate, or sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES), is a detergent and surfactant found in many personal care products (soaps, shampoos, toothpaste etc.). It is an inexpensive and very effective foaming agent.

Its chemical formula is CH3(CH2)10CH2(OCH2CH2)nOSO3Na. Sometimes the number represented by "n" is specified in the name, for example laureth-2 sulfate. The commercial product is heterogeneous, both in the length of the alkyl chain (12 being the mode of the number of carbon atoms), and in the number of ethoxyl groups, where n is the mean. n=3 is common in commercial products. SLES can be derived from ethoxylation of dodecyl alcohol used to make SDS.

Sodium lauryl sulfate (also known as sodium dodecyl sulfate or SLS) and ammonium lauryl sulfate (ALS) are commonly used alternatives to SLES in consumer products.Sodium Laureth Sulfate POE(2). Chemical Land 21, Seoul, Korea. [ Product Identification] ]

While SLS is a known irritant,Agner T. Susceptibility of atopic dermatitis patients to irritant dermatitis caused by sodium lauryl sulphate. "Acta Derm Venereol." 1991;71(4):296-300. [ Abstract] ] A. Nassif, S. C. Chan, F. J. Storrs and J. M. Hanifin. Abstract: Abnormal skin irritancy in atopic dermatitis and in atopy without dermatitis. "Arch Dermatol." November 1994;130(11):1402. [ Abstract] ] some evidence and research suggest that SLES can also cause irritation after extended exposure.Magnusson B, Gilje O. Allergic contact dermatitis from a dish-washing liquid containing lauryl ether sulphate. "Acta Derm Venereol." 1973;53(2):136-40. [ Abstract] ] Van Haute N, Dooms-Goossens A. Shampoo dermatitis due to cocobetaine and sodium lauryl ether sulphate. "Contact Dermatitis." 1983 Mar;9(2):169. [ Abstract] ]


The Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association (CTFA) and the American Cancer Society have stated that the common belief that SLES is a carcinogen is an urban legend, a view confirmed by toxicology research by the OSHA, NTP, and IARC.Rumor: Sodium Lauryl Sulfate Causes Cancer. "The Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association." 13, October 2000. [ Consumer Information] ] SLES and SLS, and subsequently the products containing them, have been found to contain parts-per-thousand to parts-per-million levels of 1,4-dioxane, with the recommendation that these levels be monitored.Roderick E. Black, Fred J. Hurley, Donald C. Havery. Occurrence of 1,4-Dioxane in Cosmetic Raw Materials and Finished Cosmetic Products."Journal of AOAC International."2001 May;84(3):666-670. [ Abstract] ] The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency considers 1,4-dioxane to be a probable human carcinogen (having observed an increased incidence of cancer in controlled animal studies, but not in epidemiological studies of workers using the compound), and a known irritant (with a no-observed-adverse-effects level of 400 milligrams per cubic meter).1,4-Dioxane (1,4-Diethyleneoxide). Hazard Summary. "U.S. Environmental Protection Agency." Created in April 1992; Revised in January 2000. [ Fact Sheet] ] While the U.S. Food and Drug Administration encourages manufacturers to remove this contaminant, it is not currently required by federal law.FDA/CFSAN--Cosmetics Handbook Part 3: Cosmetic Product-Related Regulatory Requirements and Health Hazard Issues. [ Prohibited Ingredients and other Hazardous Substances: 9. Dioxane] ]

ee also

* Sodium dodecyl sulfate (Sodium lauryl sulfate)


External links

* [ Description and health effects of sodium laureth sulfate] by Children's Health Environmental Coalition

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